About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your assignment or other high school physical science work.
- Identify the atomic and nuclear physics concepts that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our high school physical science tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn atomic and nuclear physics and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding photons, wave-particle duality, nuclear reactions or any other atomic and nuclear physics topic
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their science learning
- Prefer learning science visually
- Find themselves failing or close to failing their atomic and nuclear physics unit
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in high school physical science
- Don't have access to their science teacher outside of class
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make learning atomic and nuclear physics simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live physical science tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn atomic and nuclear physics on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Discuss the applications of the photoelectric effect
- Write equations for the momentum and energy of photons
- Learn the formula for Planck's constant
- Describe the correlation between the Bohr model and atomic spectra
- Study the works of Einstein
- Define the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
- Explore the electron cloud theory
- Read about nuclear physics and binding energy
- Explain what happens during nuclear and chemical reactions
- Identify different kinds of radioactive decay
- Discover how to balance nuclear equations and calculate radioactive decay
- Discuss mass-energy conversion and mass defect
- Learn about the applications of carbon dating, fission and fusion in nuclear chemistry
- Define disintegration energy
1. The Photoelectric Effect: Definition, History, Application & Equation
The photoelectric effect can be observed as light is shone on metal, causing electrons to be released. Learn the history of experimentation involving the photoelectric effect, Einstein's own explanatory equation, and the technological applications of the photoelectric effect.
2. Energy & Momentum of a Photon: Equation & Calculations
Light that is behaving as both a wave and a particle is called a 'wave duality particle,' while particles contain light in discrete packets called photons. Learn more about the energy and momentum of a photon, it's equations, and calculations.
3. Planck's Constant: Formula & Application
Planck's constant describes the energy contained within light using a single equation, represented with an 'h.' See this formula used in an example, and see the technological advances that this breakthrough equation led to.
4. The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra
The Bohr model of the atom established the existence of a positive nucleus surrounded by electrons in specific energy levels. As electrons move from higher-energy to lower-energy levels, energy in the atom is released in the form of photons. Learn about the Bohr Model, atomic spectra, and how electrons emit different colors of light.
5. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Definition & Equation
A core concept in quantum mechanics is known as the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Learn more about the uncertainty principle and about Werner Karl Heisenberg, the physicist who developed the principle. Also, learn the equation for the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
6. Electron Cloud: Definition, Model & Theory
The electron cloud is the area where electrons are usually found. Discover more about electron clouds through the complete definition, model, and the theory that explains electrons movement around atoms.
7. Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Force & Building Energy
Nuclear physics studies include studying the forces and energy exchanged between atomic nuclei and the particles therein. Learn the general study of nuclear physics, the binding energy seen in nuclear reactions, and the distinctions in fusion and fission.
8. Nuclear Reaction: Definition & Examples
A nuclear reaction, such as fission and fusion, affects the nucleus of an atom and changes its particles in the process. Explore the differences between nuclear reactions and chemical reactions, the differences between nuclear fission and fusion, and how they are used for energy.
9. Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus
Radiation is a byproduct of nuclear energy, but only 1% of all radiation comes from the nuclear industry. Most radiation comes from natural sources, such as rocks or the Sun. Learn about the sources of radiation, the three main types of radioactive decay (alpha, beta, & gamma), and the effect of nuclear decay on the nucleus.
10. Balancing Nuclear Equations & Predicting the Product of a Nuclear Reaction
The key to balancing nuclear equations is to remember to place reactants on the left side of the arrow and products on the right side. The arrow between reactants and products is used to indicate change. Learn about radioactive decay (alpha, beta, & gamma), how to balance nuclear equations for nuclear decay, and how to predict the products of nuclear reactions.
11. Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs
Scientists use the amount of time it takes for half of an isotope to react or decay, or half-life, of carbon-14 in carbon dating experiments to determine the age of substances. Learn about half-life, decay graphs, and how to calculate radioactive decay.
12. Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy
During a nuclear reaction, small amounts of mass are destroyed and converted into massive amounts of energy in a process called mass defect. Learn about nuclear binding energy, mass defect, and how energy and mass are directly related.
13. Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers & Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry
Nuclear chemistry is the science of using radioactive isotopes and other nuclear reactions to diagnose and treat medical conditions and also to determine the age of artifacts through a process called carbon dating. Learn about nuclear fusion, nuclear fission, tracers, imaging, and practical applications of nuclear chemistry.
14. Disintegration Energy in Nuclear Physics: Definition & Formula
Disintegration energy refers to the types of energy that radioactive decay releases. Learn the formulas that use mass-energy equivalence to calculate disintegration energy demonstrated in an example of an alpha decay reaction.
15. Henri Becquerel: Biography & Discovery
Learn about the life and work of Henri Becquerel, a pioneer in the field of nuclear chemistry and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. Understand Becquerel's important contributions to the discovery of radioactivity. Test your knowledge by taking a short quiz at the end of the lesson.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Other chapters within the High School Physical Science: Tutoring Solution course
- Physical Science - Understanding Matter: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Understanding Gases: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Understanding the Atom & Atomic Structure: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - The Periodic Table: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Understanding Chemical Bonding: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Understanding Solutions: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Stoichiometry: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Understanding Motion: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Force, Motion, and Newton's Laws: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Work, Energy, Power, and Thermodynamics: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Waves, Sound, and Light: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Electricity: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Thermal Physics: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Magnetism: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Intro to Organic Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - The Universe: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Atmospheric Science: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Geologic Time: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - The Internal Structure of the Earth: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Plate Tectonics: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Minerals and Rocks: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Igneous Rocks: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Metamorphic Rocks - A Deeper Look: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Volcanoes: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Earthquakes: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Weathering and Erosion: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Water Balance: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Ground Water: Tutoring Solution
- Physical Science - Coastal Hazards: Tutoring Solution