About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school physical science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn high school physical science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding functional groups in organic chemistry, such as alcohols, halides, amines, ethers, esters and carbonyl-containing, or describing types of proteins and their functions
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about basic organic chemistry
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Intro to Organic Chemistry chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Intro to Organic Chemistry chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any basic organic chemistry question. They're here to help!
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an introductory organic chemistry unit of a standard high school physical science course. Topics covered include:
- Organic molecules: functional groups, monomers and polymers
- Amino acids, polymerization and peptide bonds
- Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins
- Aromatic hydrocarbons
- Aliphatic hydrocarbons
- Hydrocarbon derivatives
- Synthetic polymers
- Organic reactions
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
Organic chemistry is the study of molecules that come from living things and previously living things. Learn more on an introduction to organic molecules and functional groups within biological science.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
An organic molecule is a complex molecule that is primarily made of carbon atoms and is bonded with other elements or other carbon atoms. Learn more about organic molecules, monomers, polymers and their functions or definitions.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates, also known as sugars, are a group of compounds found in organic tissues and foods. Explore the structure and function of carbohydrates, learn how to count carbons, discover glycosidic bonds, and review fibers and starches.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Lipids, also known as fats, are a group of compounds that dissolve in nonpolar solvents but are insoluble in water. Explore the structure and function of lipids, the definition and functions of triglycerides such as saturated fats, and review the other types of lipids that help fuel the human body.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
Without peptide bonds joining together chains of amino acids to create large organic compounds called proteins, it would be impossible for humans to function. Explore the structure of proteins and how they function as enzymes to trigger molecular reactions and some of the many other functions of proteins in the human body.
6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
Proteins are essential molecules made up of one or more long chains of amino acids. Explore the structure and characteristics of the twenty amino acids, discover the differences between polar positive and polar neutral amino acids, and learn about special amino acids.
7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
Proteins are molecules made up of chains of amino acids bound together by peptides. Explore how polymerization helps form peptide bonds, discover how peptides are written, and learn the different types of peptides.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
Proteins are essential molecules made up of one or more long chains of amino acids. Explore primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary protein structure, then discover the effects of denaturation.
9. Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Definition, Examples & Uses
Aromatic hydrocarbons are unsaturated cyclic compounds that are primarily made of hydro and carbon atoms. Learn more about their definitions, uses, properties, resonances and identify natural aromatic hydrocarbons and manufactured goods made from them.
10. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Definition & Properties
Aliphatic hydrocarbons are compounds made of chains of carbon and hydrogen. Learn the types and structures, the definition and examples of saturated vs unsaturated compounds, and the properties of the aliphatic compounds that are used as fuel in combustion reactions.
11. Hydrocarbon Derivatives: Definition & Properties
Compounds that are made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms with a specific group of atoms attached are called hydrocarbon derivatives. Learn more about the definition of hydrocarbon derivatives, their comparison to simple hydrocarbons and their properties such as electronegativity and polarity.
12. Synthetic Polymers: Definition & Examples
Synthetic polymers are man-made polymers such as plastics, polyurethane, PVC, and more. Learn how to define synthetic polymers, explore how they are produced, and review examples of the plastics, elastics, and nylons created by them.
13. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic chemical reactions refer to the transformation of substances in the presence of carbon. This lesson will explore organic chemical reactions dealing with hydrocarbons, including addition, substitution, polymerization, and cracking.
14. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
Organic chemical reactions are processes that transform a substance into a totally different substance or state of being, such as a solid to a gas. This lesson will explore the chemical reactions of redox, esterification, and fermentation.
15. What is Acetone? - Structure, Uses & Formula
Acetone is a common, flammable solvent present in nail polish remover that can be identified by its distinctive smell. Explore the structure, uses, and formula of acetone and learn about its use in the laboratory and chemical reactions.
16. What is Toluene? - Structure, Uses & Formula
Toluene is a liquid chemical compound that is often used in products such as paint. Learn about the structure and formula of toluene, in addition to its uses and its specific use as a fuel component.
17. What is Protein? - Definition, Function, Benefits & Sources
Protein is used for tissue repair and as enzymes, antibodies or messenger hormones. Learn more about it's definition, functions, benefits and relevant sources.
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Other chapters within the High School Physical Science: Help and Review course
- Physical Science - Understanding Matter: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Gases: Help and Review
- The Atom & Atomic Structure: Physical Science Help & Review
- Physical Science - The Periodic Table: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Chemical Bonding: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Solutions: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Stoichiometry: Help and Review
- Help & Review for Chemical Reactions, Acids & Bases in Physical Science
- Physical Science - Atomic and Nuclear Physics: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Motion: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Force, Motion, and Newton's Laws: Help and Review
- Energy, Power, Work & Thermodynamics: Help & Review
- Physical Science - Waves, Sound, and Light: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Electricity: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Thermal Physics: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Magnetism: Help and Review
- Physical Science - The Universe: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Atmospheric Science: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Geologic Time: Help and Review
- The Earth's Internal Structure: Physical Science Help & Review
- Physical Science - Plate Tectonics: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Minerals and Rocks: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Igneous Rocks: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Metamorphic Rocks - A Deeper Look: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Volcanoes: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Earthquakes: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Weathering and Erosion: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Water Balance: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Ground Water: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Coastal Hazards: Help and Review