About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school physical science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn high school physical science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the scope of the electromagnetic spectrum, characteristics of waves or the concepts of waves, sound and light
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about waves, sound and light
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Waves, Sound and Light chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Waves, Sound and Light chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any waves, sound and light question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a waves, sound and light unit of a standard high school physical science course. Topics covered include:
- The energy and motion of vibrations and waves
- Waves and energy transmission
- Wave parameters
- Transverse and longitudinal waves
- Definition and factors affecting the speed of sound
- Sound waves' pitch and volume
- Electromagnetic waves
- Major regions of the electromagnetic spectrum
- Origin, spectrum and color frequency of light
- White light, reflection and absorption
- Refraction, dispersion and diffraction related to light
- Destructive and constructive interference
- The Doppler Effect
- Wave-particle duality
1. Vibrations and Waves: Energy and Motion
What is a wave? What causes waves, and how do they travel from one place to another? This lesson will guide you through the basics of waves. We'll discuss their origins from vibrations and investigate how they carry energy through a medium.
2. Wave Propagation
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what wave propagation is, and describe the factors that affect the speed of wave propagation. A short quiz will follow.
3. Wave Parameters: Wavelength, Amplitude, Period, Frequency & Speed
How do we measure and describe waves? How do waves differ based upon their shapes? This lesson will guide you through the five wave parameters - period, frequency, amplitude, wavelength, and speed - that we use to characterize waves.
4. Transverse & Longitudinal Waves: Definition & Examples
What comes to mind when you think of a wave? Chances are your mental image takes the form of a transverse wave. But, longitudinal waves are just as important, and understanding the difference is vital to learning about waves. In this lesson, explore both types of waves and the unique characteristics of each.
5. What is Sound? - Definition and Factors Affecting the Speed of Sound
Explore the minute workings of sound waves and how they travel. We'll discuss the main factors that affect the speed of sound waves, and we'll try some mathematical problems involving the wave equation.
6. Pitch and Volume in Sound Waves
What do pitch and volume mean when talking about sound waves? Further your understanding of sound waves in this lesson as we explore the more familiar aspects of sound. We'll learn about pitch and volume and how they relate to sound wave parameters.
7. Electromagnetic Waves: Definition, Sources & Properties
In this lesson, learn the basics of electromagnetic waves and how they make up the electromagnetic spectrum. We will explore the major trends and categories within the spectrum, as well as the various sources of electromagnetic waves.
8. The 7 Major Regions of the Electromagnetic Spectrum
This lesson will walk you through each of the major regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Explore the unique characteristics of X-rays, microwaves, radio waves, UV rays, infrared, gamma rays, and of course, visible light.
9. The Nature of Light: Origin, Spectrum & Color Frequency
This lesson introduces the basics of visible light and color. Learn how the visible light spectrum is divided into the six color ranges. We'll also discuss why different people name colors in different ways.
10. Reflection: Angle of Incidence and Curved Surfaces
How do waves reflect off of surfaces? How do we account for the images that we see reflected in various objects? Discover the answers to these questions as we investigate the rays and angles defining the law of reflection.
11. Diffuse Reflection: Definition, Examples & Surfaces
This lesson explores the law of reflection and how it applies to different surfaces and wave types. We'll learn the difference between specular and diffuse reflection and investigate how diffuse reflection affects our perception of sound and light.
12. Resonance: Definition & Transmission of Waves
This lesson describes how sound and light waves are affected by the principle of resonance. Learn how resonance occurs through the vibrations and resonant frequencies of objects. You'll investigate everyday examples of resonance and learn how to break a wine glass with your voice!
13. Transparent and Opaque Materials in Electromagnetic Waves
What makes an object transparent or opaque? How does light pass through some objects and not others? And what about the other types of electromagnetic waves? We'll investigate all these questions in this lesson about the transparency and opacity of materials.
14. Color: White Light, Reflection & Absorption
What gives color to objects? How do light waves interact with materials to produce red and green or white and black? In this lesson, learn how white light is composed of all colors and how absorption and reflection influence our color perception.
15. Refraction & Dispersion: Definition, Snell's Law & Index of Refraction
Refraction explains why light bends in water. But, did you know that mathematical laws determine exactly how light waves are bent? In this lesson, we'll explore the mechanics of wave refraction, including Snell's Law and the index of refraction.
16. Diffraction: Relation to Sound & Light and Effects of Wavelength
This lesson explores diffraction as one of the many behaviors of waves. Learn how diffraction occurs in sound and light waves and how it is affected by the wavelength of a wave. Find out how animals use diffraction to communicate and how scientists use it to study molecules.
17. Constructive and Destructive Interference
What happens when one wave meets another? Do the waves converge to make one giant wave? Or, do they destroy each other? In this lesson, we'll explore the workings of wave interference.
18. The Doppler Effect: Definition, Examples & Applications
What is the Doppler effect? How does it affect our perceptions of sound and light? In this lesson, learn how traveling wave sources can change the way we observe sound and light waves. Explore the applications of the Doppler effect on shock waves, sonic booms, and the movements of distant galaxies.
19. Wave-Particle Duality: Concept, Explanation & Examples
Is light a particle with mass and substance? Or, is it just a wave traveling through space? Most scientists say light is both a particle and a wave! Find out how they came to this strange conclusion as we learn about the theory of wave-particle duality.
20. What Are Surface Waves? - Definition, Types & Examples
You may think of a surface wave as just a bunch of moving water or--in the case of an earthquake--moving dirt. Find out more about surface waves, and take a quiz to test your understanding.
21. What Are Absorbance Units?
In this lesson, we'll explore what units of measurement are used to discuss absorbance, as well as what role wavelength and transmittance play in absorbance. We'll also discuss a commonly held misconception in the way absorbance is sometimes discussed.
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Other chapters within the High School Physical Science: Help and Review course
- Physical Science - Understanding Matter: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Gases: Help and Review
- The Atom & Atomic Structure: Physical Science Help & Review
- Physical Science - The Periodic Table: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Chemical Bonding: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Solutions: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Stoichiometry: Help and Review
- Help & Review for Chemical Reactions, Acids & Bases in Physical Science
- Physical Science - Atomic and Nuclear Physics: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Understanding Motion: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Force, Motion, and Newton's Laws: Help and Review
- Energy, Power, Work & Thermodynamics: Help & Review
- Physical Science - Electricity: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Thermal Physics: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Magnetism: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Intro to Organic Chemistry: Help and Review
- Physical Science - The Universe: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Atmospheric Science: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Geologic Time: Help and Review
- The Earth's Internal Structure: Physical Science Help & Review
- Physical Science - Plate Tectonics: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Minerals and Rocks: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Igneous Rocks: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Metamorphic Rocks - A Deeper Look: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Volcanoes: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Earthquakes: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Weathering and Erosion: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Water Balance: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Ground Water: Help and Review
- Physical Science - Coastal Hazards: Help and Review