About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Physiology II: Human Body Systems chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Homeostasis and temperature regulation|
Homesostasis of glucose levels
The nervous system
|Definition of homeostasis, endotherms and ectotherms, thermoregulation, hypothalamus;|
Insulin, glucagon, type I and type II diabetes;
Neurons, thermoreceptors, somatic nervous system
Central and peripheral nervous systems
Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
|Structure and function of neurons, depolarization, neurotransmitters;|
Definition of the central and peripheral nervous systems, chemoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, reflexes;
Definition of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, fight or flight, rest and digest
|Wednesday|| Brain structures and functions|
|Brain stem, hippocampus, thalamus, olfactory bulbs, cerebellum;|
Function of the cerebral cortex, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe
|Thursday|| Innate immunity|
Antibiotics and vaccines
|Inflammation, neutrophils and natural killer cells;|
Definition of acquired immunity, T cells, B cells and antibodies;
Germ theory of disease, types of vaccines and how they work, development of antibiotics
|Friday|| Flu viruses, HIV and immune system evasions|
|How influenza and HIV evade the immune system, antigenic shifts, retroviruses;|
Antibiotic resistance, virulence, species specificity
1. Homeostasis and Temperature Regulation in Humans
Do you wonder how your body is able to maintain a consistent temperature? Have you ever questioned why you get goosebumps when you're cold? This lesson will introduce you to homeostasis and answer your questions about body temperature regulation and reactions, like goosebumps.
2. Homeostasis of Glucose Levels: Hormonal Control and Diabetes
In this lesson, we'll look at how the body uses hormones to maintain homeostasis of blood glucose levels, what happens in people who have diabetes, and how diabetics can manage their disease.
3. Functions of the Nervous System
In this lesson, we'll watch Timmy as he plays in his backyard. Watch what happens when he tries to catch a butterfly, hears a mean dog bark, and scrapes his knee. All of Timmy's reactions are tied to his nervous system. For a full explanation of what goes on in the human nervous system, check out the video!
4. The Structure and Function of Neurons
In this video lesson, you'll learn about neurons, which are specialized cells in the nervous system. Check out how far neurons can send signals throughout the body and how depolarization is much like 'the wave' at a football game.
5. The Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
Did you know that hammerhead sharks and platypuses share a special type of sensory neuron that humans and most other animals don't have? In this lesson, you'll find out what that sensory neuron and a whole lot of others can do. You'll also learn how the nervous system is organized and the differences between the central and peripheral nervous systems.
6. The Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous Systems
In this lesson, you'll learn about two subdivisions of the autonomic nervous system - the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Watch as a hiker, Phil, runs away from a terrifying bear and see how these systems react to the impending danger!
7. Brain Structures and Functions Part I
The brain's complexity can often be difficult to understand because it serves so many important functions. In this lesson, you'll get a little help from Nrr, the alien biologist, who will guide you through understanding the structure and functions of the human brain.
8. The Cerebral Cortex: Brain Structures and Functions Part II
Check out this video lesson to learn about the four lobes of the human brain - the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal. You'll learn about the functions and processes of each region.
9. Innate Immunity: Inflammation, Neutrophils & Natural Killer Cells
You might already know how your body handles known infectious agents but how about unknown? Watch this video to explore your innate immune system - your body's defense against new bacteria and viruses.
10. Acquired Immunity: T Cells, B Cells and Antibodies
Have you ever wondered why some people don't ever seem to get sick? These people likely have an acquired immunity. Learn more about the immune system and how exposure to an illness one time can help your body to prevent that illness from ever occurring again.
11. Antibiotics and Vaccines
Do you know why children must get regularly vaccinated? Have you ever wondered how an antibiotic works and why they are so widely prescribed? If so, this lesson will help you to understand how changes in medicine have almost eliminated several deadly diseases and added decades to the average person's lifespan.
12. Flu Viruses, HIV and Immune System Evasion
Why is it that our immune systems can protect us from some viruses but not others? We've eradicated smallpox by using vaccines, so why do influenza and HIV remain such dangerous health risks? In this lesson about viruses, we'll explore these questions and learn how influenza and HIV continue to evade the human immune system.
13. Pathogens: Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence
Find out more about how the overuse of antibiotics could lead to some serious problems with epidemics or untreatable diseases in the future. You can also discover some of the things that make pathogens harmful and why pathogens don't cause disease in every species they infect.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Biology 101 Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Science Basics: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Review of Inorganic Chemistry For Biologists Lesson Plans
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Enzymatic Biochemistry: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Cell Biology: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- DNA Replication: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- The Transcription and Translation Process: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Genetic Mutations: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Metabolic Biochemistry: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Cell Division: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Plant Biology: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Plant Reproduction and Growth: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Physiology I: Human Body Systems Lesson Plans
- Animal Reproduction and Development: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Genetics - Principles of Heredity: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Principles of Ecology: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Principles of Evolution: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- The Origin and History of Life On Earth: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Phylogeny and the Classification of Organisms: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Social Biology: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Basic Molecular Biology Lab Techniques: Biology 101 Lesson Plans
- Analyzing Scientific Data: Biology 101 Lesson Plans