Ch 31: PLACE Elementary Education: Principles of Music

About This Chapter

Take a closer look at the principles of music as you study for the PLACE Elementary Education assessment. Watch short videos to gain greater insight into sharps, flats, melody, harmony, tempo, pitch and more.

PLACE Elementary Education: Principles of Music - Chapter Summary

This chapter provides the in-depth analysis of music you need to competently answer questions on the PLACE Elementary Education assessment. Explore engaging lessons to improve your ability to:

  • Read notes on the treble and bass clef staff
  • Describe sharps, flats and rhythm
  • Distinguish between melody and harmony
  • Share the meanings of musical form, tempo, pitch and major scale
  • Discuss the musical timbre of instruments and singers
  • Explain meters and time signatures in musical form and dynamics in music
  • Provide details about listening for intonation cues and the history of musical instruments

Lesson instructors offer a wealth of information about music to ensure you fully comprehend its basic principles. If you have questions about lesson topics, feel free to submit them to our experts.

PLACE Elementary Education: Principles of Music Chapter Objectives

The Program for Licensing Assessments for Colorado Educators (PLACE) Elementary Education assessment helps educators secure licensure that enables them to teach at the elementary level. It examines their comprehension of six subareas: language arts and literacy, science, math, wellness and physical education, social studies and humanities. PLACE tests typically consist of about 100 multiple-choice questions and last four hours and 30 minutes. Passing requires earning a minimum score of 220.

Lessons in this chapter cover topics found in the humanities subarea of the test. This subarea will ask you to answer questions focused on the basic principles and skills related to music. Explore the lessons to brush up on your music knowledge, then test what you've reviewed by taking lesson quizzes and a chapter exam. If you want to deepen your understanding of music, explore transcripts with helpful vocabulary words.

14 Lessons in Chapter 31: PLACE Elementary Education: Principles of Music
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
How to Read Notes on the Treble Clef Staff

1. How to Read Notes on the Treble Clef Staff

How do musicians interpret notes on the treble clef staff? What types of instruments play notes that are read in the treble clef staff? Who invented the notation system? Find out in this lesson!

How to Read Notes of the Bass Clef Staff

2. How to Read Notes of the Bass Clef Staff

How do musicians interpret notes on the bass clef staff? What types of instruments play notes that are read in the bass clef staff? How is the bass clef staff different from the treble clef staff? Find out in this lesson!

Sharps and Flats: Reading and Identifying Sharp and Flat Notes in Music

3. Sharps and Flats: Reading and Identifying Sharp and Flat Notes in Music

What do sharp and flat notes look like? How are they different from regular notes? When and where are sharp and flat notes used? Find out in this lesson!

Rhythm: Quarter Notes, Eighth Notes, Rests & Other Basic Rhythms

4. Rhythm: Quarter Notes, Eighth Notes, Rests & Other Basic Rhythms

Rhythm is an imperative part of music. Knowing the basic rhythms such as quarter notes, eighth notes, and rests will give you a deeper understanding of the music you hear. Learn about these notes and other basic rhythms in this lesson!

Melody vs. Harmony: Definitions and Examples

5. Melody vs. Harmony: Definitions and Examples

What is a 'melody?' How are 'melody' and 'harmony' different? What kinds of harmonies are used in classical and current popular styles of music? Find out the basics of melody and harmony in this lesson.

Musical Form: Definitions and Analysis

6. Musical Form: Definitions and Analysis

What is musical form and why is it important? How can we determine the form of a song just by listening? In this lesson, learn the different parts that make up a musical form.

Musical Timbre of Instruments and Singers: Definition

7. Musical Timbre of Instruments and Singers: Definition

How can you tell if you are listening to a violin or a flute? How do composers use timbre to express their ideas and keep the listener interested? Find out in this lesson on timbre!

Tempo: Definition and Uses in Musical Forms

8. Tempo: Definition and Uses in Musical Forms

How does the speed of a song affect our emotions? How can we determine the speed of a song just by looking at it? By learning about tempo, we can find out!

What Is Pitch in Music? - Definition & Concept

9. What Is Pitch in Music? - Definition & Concept

This lesson will explore the concept of musical pitch, which is generally thought of as the 'highness' or 'lowness' of a sound. Together with amplitude, duration, and tone color, pitch is one of the four basic elements of all musical sounds.

Meters and Time Signatures in Musical Forms

10. Meters and Time Signatures in Musical Forms

What's the difference between a waltz and a polka? What's a 'mazurka,' and why did Chopin write so many of them? How can time signature imply a type of form? Find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!

Dynamics in Music: Piano, Forte and Why They Are Important

11. Dynamics in Music: Piano, Forte and Why They Are Important

Dynamics are a way of communicating volume and intensity in music. Piano, forte and other markings help musicians interpret the expressive quality of the music. What do these markings look like? What types of markings exist, and what do they mean? Learn more about dynamics in this lesson!

Listening for Intonation Cues

12. Listening for Intonation Cues

Making sense of intonation cues in spoken English can be tough, especially if it isn't your first language. To help you figure it out, here's a guide to what to listen for.

Major Scale: Definition & Intervals

13. Major Scale: Definition & Intervals

You hear it in commercials, pop songs, film music, and even ringtones! Learn what the major scale is, why composers like to use it, and even the special formula you can use to make a major scale on any note!

Musical Instruments: Types & History

14. Musical Instruments: Types & History

While hundreds of musical instruments exist, the vast majority can be placed into one of five categories, namely woodwind, brass, string, keyboard, and percussion. However, despite the broadness of the categories, each class of musical instrument developed in entirely different ways.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the PLACE Elementary Education: Practice & Study Guide course

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