About This Chapter
PLACE Physical Education: Cognitive, Social and Emotional Development - Chapter Summary
The lessons comprising this chapter provide brief but informative overviews of social, emotional and cognitive development in children, adolescents and adults. In these lessons, you'll find information about relevant psychological theories and influences on development that you can expect to be tested on when sitting for the PLACE Physical Education exam. Upon successful review of this material, you should be able to answer questions on the following:
- Defining social, emotional and cognitive development
- Outlining Lev Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development
- Recognizing aspects of cognitive development in children and cognitive changes in adolescents
- Explaining cognitive function increases and decreases in middle-aged and older adults
- Identifying experiences that influence cognitive development in young adults
- Detailing theories of social development
- Noting how self-esteem and self-concept play parts in social development
You can go over the videos as often as needed or print and review the text transcript to keep as a reference tool. Self-assessment quizzes attached to each lesson provide a way for you to gauge your progress and help to determine if you are ready to answer these types of questions on the PLACE Physical Education exam.
1. What are Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Development?
People grow and develop in many different ways and in many different areas. In this lesson, we'll look closer at three types of human development: cognitive, social, and emotional development.
2. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
3. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration
As children grow, so do their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning. Watch this lesson to learn about how young children develop cognitively, including the key cognitive concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation.
4. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
5. Changes in Cognitive Development During Adolescence
Adolescence is a period of great change. Changes in the way teenagers think can cause them to do things like argue with adults. Watch this lesson for more information on the cognitive changes that occur in adolescence.
6. Cognitive Development in Adults
As people age, they discover that their thought processes change. Though some cognitive abilities decrease in middle age, some increase. In this lesson, we'll look at how executive functioning and wisdom increase in middle age.
7. Life Influences on Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
Though adults don't physically grow as they age, they do still grow mentally. In this lesson, we'll look closer at cognitive development in adulthood, including how it is influenced by college and work experiences.
8. Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
Many people are aware of some of the memory problems older adults have, but did you know that they become better at some types of thinking? In this lesson, we'll examine the positive and negative cognitive changes in late life.
9. Social Development Theories in Human Growth and Development
There are various theories on the social development of children. In this lesson, we will follow Sally as she meets with different psychologists, learning and differentiating between three of the most popular theories: psychoanalytic, social learning and attachment.
10. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
11. Social Development of Adults: Self Concept
How would an adult think about his or her self-concept? In this lesson, we'll take a look at what makes up self-concept in adulthood, its changes over time, and how it relates to self-esteem and self-image.
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Other chapters within the PLACE Physical Education: Practice & Study Guide course
- PLACE Physical Education: Physical Growth & Development
- PLACE Physical Education: Psychological Aspects of Physical Education
- PLACE Physical Education: Stress & Relationships During Adolescence
- PLACE Physical Education: Body Systems
- PLACE Physical Education: Physical Fitness
- PLACE Physical Education: Motor Skill Acquisition
- PLACE Physical Education: Developing Physical Activity Skills
- PLACE Physical Education: Program Development & Implementation
- PLACE Physical Education: Creating Safe Physical Education Environments
- PLACE Physical Education Flashcards