About This Chapter
PLACE: Types of Reading Assessments - Chapter Summary
If you're preparing to take the PLACE Reading Specialist examination, you may want to use this chapter to gain an in-depth understanding of reading assessments. Use this chapter to refresh your knowledge of different types of assessments, including their qualities, advantages and disadvantages. While you watch this chapter's video lessons, you could solidify your comprehension as well as your readiness to administer these assessments in your classroom. This chapter might help you with:
- Describing formal, paper-pencil, informal and performance assessments
- Examining the reliability, standardization and validity of assessments
- Learning more about construct, content and predictive validity
- Contrasting product and process performance assessments as well as formative and summative evaluations
- Discussing the pros and cons of standardized testing
- Describing the ways in which assessments are used and misused in the classroom
In addition to providing you with valuable information about reading assessments, this chapter's animated video lessons give you a chance to get ready for related questions on the PLACE Reading Specialist examination. Watch the online videos if you prefer to learn visually, or print out your quiz results as worksheets if you'd rather learn offline. You can ask questions of the experts, refer to the written transcripts and use the video tags for navigational purposes.
PLACE: Types of Reading Assessments Chapter Objectives
The PLACE Reading Specialist examination has about 100 multiple-choice questions to be completed within four and a half hours. Among other skills, your ability to collaborate as a team member, allocate reading program resources and maintain records will be assessed as you seek a reading specialist endorsement. The topics of this chapter will be encountered within the Reading Assessments subarea of the test.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
3. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
4. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
5. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
6. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
7. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
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Other chapters within the PLACE Reading Specialist: Practice & Study Guide course
- PLACE: Foundations of a Reading Program
- PLACE: Planning the Reading Curriculum
- PLACE: Effective Reading Instruction
- PLACE: Reading Programs & Teaching Approaches
- PLACE: Reading Assessment Techniques
- PLACE: Assessment Issues & Data Analysis
- PLACE: Identifying Reading Needs & Disabilities
- PLACE: Reading Instruction for Special Needs Students
- PLACE: Cultural & Language Concerns in Reading Instruction
- PLACE: Research for Reading Instruction
- PLACE: Partnerships in Reading Instruction
- PLACE: Professional Skills & Development
- PLACE: Legal Aspects of Reading Instruction
- PLACE Reading Specialist Flashcards