About This Chapter
Planning for Pregnancy, Childbirth & Parenting - Chapter Summary
Pregnancy, childbirth and parenting all require careful planning. In this chapter, our expert instructors lay out important planning and decision-making concepts surrounding each step of pregnancy. As you work through these simple lessons, you'll learn about the conditions of the prenatal, postnatal and neonatal environments, as well as the nutritional needs of mothers. By the end of the chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Explain considerations couples should make when deciding to have children
- Assess issues that can arise when planning a pregnancy
- Outline the fetal period of pregnancy, the prenatal environment and prenatal nutrition
- Determine how the prenatal environment can be affected by the mother's physical/emotional state
- Understand possible childbirth/labor complications
- Evaluate the purpose of the Apgar test in the neonatal environment
- Identify a newborn's capabilities, growth and milestones
- Recognize nutritional needs for breastfeeding and the elements of postnatal care
Each lesson comes with a short quiz, and you can make sure you fully understand the material by taking the comprehensive chapter exam. You can reach out to our subject-matter experts if you have any questions about these parenting concepts. The chapter can be studied whenever you have free time, and it's accessible on virtually any device that has a connection to the Internet.
1. Making the Decision to Have Children
In this lesson, I face one of my greatest fears: talking about having kids. We'll look at some points to consider, such as the costs and the way it changes a person's life. In addition, the idea of baby fever is also looked at.
2. Key Issues When Planning A Pregnancy
When planning a pregnancy, important things must be considered to ensure maximum safety of both mother and child. This includes taking an assessment of your medications, supplements, medical conditions, and habits.
3. The Fetal Period of Pregnancy: Definition & Development
The fetal stage of pregnancy is a critical developmental phase for an unborn child. Many key changes take place to prepare the child for independent living outside of the womb. This article discusses the critical time periods within the fetal stage of development.
4. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
5. Prenatal Care: Nutrition
Does the saying 'You're now eating for two' mean that a pregnant women should double her caloric intake? What types of foods are needed during pregnancy? What about foods to avoid? Learn this and more in this lesson on prenatal nutrition.
6. The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment
An unborn child and its mother are connected both physically and emotionally. Learn how prenatal development is affected by both the emotional and physical state of the mother in this lesson.
7. Complications that Can Arise Before or During Childbirth
This lesson discusses the different kinds of complications that might arise during pregnancy and during childbirth. Issues like placenta previa and breech will be covered.
8. Types of Labor Complication: Preterm, Miscarriages and Stillbirths
Along with the joys of finding out you or a loved one is pregnant also comes lots of new words and things to learn. This lesson will help introduce you to some of the terms concerning labor that you or your loved one might hear as you talk with your doctor or read all those baby pamphlets.
9. The Neonatal Environment: Definition & Apgar Test
The neonatal period lasts from birth until four weeks old. Care during this period is essential to healthy development. In this lesson, explore the neonatal environment and learn how the Apgar test is used to assess newborn functioning.
10. The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones
Newborn growth and development is an amazing process! In this lesson, you will discover how babies learn, when they acquire certain abilities, and what reflexes they are born with.
11. Nutritional Needs During Breastfeeding
In this lesson, you will learn about nutritional requirements during breastfeeding. You will gain a clear understanding of the types of foods and beverages recommended as well as how much is recommended for women who are breastfeeding.
12. Postnatal Care and SIDS
This lesson will address the often heard debate about breastfeeding vs. using baby formula in terms of which one is more beneficial. We'll also look into sudden infant death syndrome.
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Other chapters within the OAE Family & Consumer Sciences (022): Study Guide & Practice course
- Human Development & Genetics
- Dimensions of Development Across Childhood
- Dimensions of Development Across Adulthood
- Interpersonal Relationships & Communication
- Families & Well-Being
- Parenting, Children's Health & Safety
- Personal Budgets, Banking & Insurance
- Financial Resource Management
- Consumer Credit
- Economics & Consumerism
- Consumer Skills
- Housing, Interiors & Furniture
- Textiles & Apparel
- Nutrient Sources & Functions
- Basics of Nutrition & Food Science
- Food Safety & Sanitation
- Food Preparation & Menu Planning
- Family & Consumer Science Careers
- Employment & Employability Skills