About This Chapter
Planning Instruction for Early Childhood Special Education - Chapter Summary
As an educator of students in early childhood special education, it's good to plan your instruction with a variety of teaching strategies in mind. This chapter closely examines those strategies while providing tips for developing curriculum and planning lessons. Topics covered include:
- How to educate students with special needs
- Ways to develop measurable learning objectives
- Steps for making a curriculum accessible to students with disabilities
- How to implement supplementary and functional curriculum
- Hands-on, interactive and other instructional strategies
- Differences between direct and discovery instruction
- What cooperative and collaborative learning are
- The definition and uses of universal design
- How accommodation and modification differ
- Accommodations and modifications for special education students
Review the lessons at your leisure while planning your lessons, and take short quizzes to assess your understanding of concepts covered. Enjoy the ability to access instruction planning resources in one location!
How It Helps
- Creates awareness: Lessons provide insight into various types of curriculum and instruction you can utilize to ensure your students benefit most from your lessons.
- Aids in implementation: This chapter helps you determine how to plan quality lessons and implement teaching strategies.
- Targets needs of specific students: The resources provided in this chapter are designed to ensure you're ready to plan lessons for students with specific special needs.
Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to:
- Understand what's needed to educate students with special needs
- Create measurable learning objectives
- Ensure your students with disabilities are able to access your curriculum
- Describe supplementary and functional curriculum and different types of instructional strategies
- Understand when to use direct and discovery instruction and cooperative and collaborative learning in the classroom
- Discuss universal design and how it is used in special education
- Differentiate between accommodation and modification, and explain when both are used for special education students
1. Educating Students with Special Needs
In this lesson, we will explore how to educate students with special needs. We will specifically address how the educational needs of these students are best served if they are in a mainstream classroom being taught alongside their peers.
2. Developing Measurable Learning Objectives
This lesson provides a brief overview of the purpose of learning objectives and how to make them useful to both you and students. We use the SMART learning objective formula to demonstrate accountability using examples.
3. Making a Curriculum Accessible to Students with Disabilities
Students with disabilities have unique needs and may require extra attention in education. This lesson will explain how to make curriculum accessible for special needs students. We will end with a quiz to see what you have learned.
4. Supplementary & Functional Curriculum: Selection & Implementation
Students with disabilities may benefit from adaptations to the traditional curricula. This lesson will discuss the selection and implementation of supplementary and functional curriculum in special education.
5. Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative
In this lesson, we will use the fictional Academy of Magic to illustrate four types of instructional strategies that teachers use in the classroom: expository instruction, interactive instruction, hands-on instruction and collaborative instruction.
6. Direct Instruction & Discovery Instruction: Definition & Differences
Two of the most popular teaching strategies are direct instruction and discovery instruction, which are frequently discussed in contrast with each other. In this lesson, we define each type of instruction and discuss the differences between the two.
7. Cooperative and Collaborative Learning in the Classroom
It's extremely common for teachers to require students to work in groups. However, certain types of groups and activities are preferred over others. In this lesson, we define cooperative learning and discuss its advantages in the classroom. We also define collaborative learning and explain how it is different than cooperative learning.
8. What is Universal Design for Learning?
It is possible to create a universal design for learning that works for each student in a classroom regardless of their individual needs. In this lesson you will learn how UDL accomplishes this goal.
9. Use of Universal Design in Special Education
Universal design strives to meet the unique needs of many different types of students. This lesson will discuss the use of universal design in special education and will end with a brief quiz to see what you have learned.
10. Accommodation vs. Modification: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses the instructional practices of accommodation and modification within the context of Section 504 Plans and Individualized Education Programs. Additionally, several examples of each practice are provided.
11. Accommodations for Special Education Students
Explore what accommodations for special education students are, how they are determined, and how they are implemented. Learn how accommodations differ from modification.
12. Modifications for Special Education Students: Definition & Checklist
This lesson explains the difference between accommodations and modifications. A list of modifications is also provided. A short quiz follows the lesson.
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Other chapters within the Fundamentals of Early Childhood Special Education course
- Basics of Early Childhood Special Education
- Developing Individual Intervention Plans for Young Children
- Assessment in Early Childhood Special Education
- Early Childhood Special Education Learning Environments
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Teaching Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Teaching Young Children with Language Delays & Disorders
- Teaching Young Children with Sensory Disorders
- Supporting Literacy for Young Children with Special Needs
- The Early Childhood Special Education Professional