About This Chapter
Plant Biology Foundations - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you can study the classification, structures, functions and growth cycles of vascular and nonvascular plants. You can learn about the tissues found in the stems, leaves and root systems, how root systems grow and develop, and much more.
These short, yet informative lessons hold your interest while providing you with a powerful study tool that you can access whenever you wish. Our convenient online format allows you to study in any location and from any device that offers Internet access, so you can take your work with you even when you travel. Quizzes and a chapter test provide self-assessment, while our instructors and subject-area experts ensure that help is as close as your computer mouse. These lessons cover the following topics:
- Monocot, dicot, vascular and nonvascular plants
- Composition of stems, roots and leaves
- Growth of root systems
- Function and structure of male and female flower parts
- Annual, biennial and perennial plant growth cycles
1. Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants
Plants may not seem like the most interesting things around, but they are definitely useful. In this lesson, we will explore the basic classification of plants and the unique characteristics of each group.
2. Structure of Plant Stems: Vascular and Ground Tissue
You can determine the age of a tree by looking at its rings. In this lesson, we will look at the basic structures of stems and explore what causes the rings in a tree trunk.
3. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers
Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.
4. Primary Root Tissue, Root Hairs and the Plant Vascular Cylinder
Roots of plants can provide support, food and water. We will look at diagrams and photos to see the different parts of roots in order to explain these different functions.
5. Root System Growth: The Root Cap, Primary Roots & Lateral Roots
It is easy to see some plants get taller, but it is important to know that plants must also have a strong support that we cannot always see. Root growth helps plants survive and can happen in two ways.
6. Flowers: Structure and Function of Male & Female Components
In this lesson, we'll look at the parts of a flower and learn their functions. These natural beauties provide indispensable services to the plants they adorn.
7. Seasonal Growth Cycles: Perennial, Annual and Biennial Plants
We continue to grow and change throughout our entire lives, living through many seasons and years. Plants have different patterns of growth and development regarding seasons, which we will look at in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the Science 101: Intro to Natural Sciences course
- Atomic Structure
- Fundamentals of Matter
- Introduction to Thermodynamics
- Mechanics of Physics
- Introduction to Relativity
- Fundamentals of Electricity
- Introduction to Magnetism
- Fundamentals of Waves, Sound and Light
- Space, The Solar System and the Universe
- Introduction to Atmospheric Science
- Geology Basics
- Introduction to Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology Fundamentals
- Introduction to Biochemistry
- Molecular Genetics Overview
- Cell Processes
- Human Anatomy Overview
- Animal Reproduction, Growth and Development
- Fundamentals of Genetics
- Introduction to Ecology
- Basics of Evolution
- The Origin and History of Life On Earth
- Phylogeny and the Classification of Organisms
- Studying for Science 101