About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering middle school life science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn middle school life science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding pollination or other topics related to plant biology and structure
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about plant biology and structure
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Plant Biology and Structure chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Plant Biology and Structure chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any plant biology or structure question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a plant biology and structure unit of a standard middle school life science course. Topics covered include:
- Structure of roots and stems
- Structure of leaves
- Nitrogen fixation
- Structure and function of male and female components of flowers
- Methods of pollination
1. Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants
Plants may not seem like the most interesting things around, but they are definitely useful. In this lesson, we will explore the basic classification of plants and the unique characteristics of each group.
2. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers
Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.
3. Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans
Almost 80% of our atmosphere is nitrogen, but we can't use it. We will look at how this unusable nitrogen is converted into a form we can use and why nitrogen is important to plants and humans.
4. Flowers: Structure and Function of Male & Female Components
In this lesson, we'll look at the parts of a flower and learn their functions. These natural beauties provide indispensable services to the plants they adorn.
5. Methods of Pollination and Flower-Pollinator Relationships
Ever wonder why bees are attracted to specific flowers? We will look at why certain animals are drawn to certain plants and other methods of pollination in this lesson.
6. Plant Cell Wall: Function, Structure & Composition
All cells have a cell membrane on the outside of them that acts like a skin. Plant cells go one step further and have a cell wall - a protective outside that provides support and other functions.
7. Complete Flowers: Examples, Definition & Structure
Biologically speaking, all flowers are not considered complete. In this lesson, we will learn what makes a flower complete and examine the structure of complete flowers. We will also view examples of commonly found complete flowers.
8. Venus Flytrap: Classification & Anatomy
In this lesson you will learn the scientific classification of a Venus flytrap. In addition, you'll look at the anatomy of both the main plant and the traps themselves.
9. Venus Flytrap: Habitat, Diet & Adaptations
Venus flytraps have a unique diet, especially for a plant, and some interesting adaptations that help them survive in their habitat. They live within a very limited range.
10. Ascomycota Reproduction: Ascus & Ascospore
Have you ever thought about how yeast reproduces? That's what you'll learn in this lesson! We will look at the reproduction of Ascomycota, a group of fungi that includes yeast.
11. Ascomycota: Characteristics & Structure
Ascomycota isn't a household name, but I bet you've heard of one or two species within this group. This lesson will explore the characteristics and structure of this enormous group of fungi, so you can leave an Ascomycota expert.
12. Ascomycota: Habitat & Facts
In this lesson, we'll look at a group of fungi with more than 30,000 members: ascomycota. You'll learn about their habitat, as well as some interesting facts regarding their history and growth.
13. The Economic Importance of Ascomycota
In this lesson we'll take a look at the economic importance of Ascomycota fungi. You'll see how we use them in food and medicine, and learn about some of their negative economic impacts.
14. Spherical Symmetry: Definition, Biology & Animals
Only two types of organisms exhibit spherical symmetry. Read this lesson to learn about biological symmetry and what makes spherical symmetry rare and unique.
15. Biradial Symmetry: Definition, Advantages & Examples
You may feel like you understand symmetry in biology, but I am going to throw a wrench into your understanding with biradial symmetry. This lesson will introduce this term and will discuss how it fits in with bilateral and radial symmetry.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Middle School Life Science: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Life Science: Help and Review
- Characteristics & Chemicals of Life: Help and Review
- The Parts of Cells: Help and Review
- DNA Replication & Mutation: Help and Review
- Cell Division & the Cell Cycle: Help and Review
- How Living Organisms Get Energy: Help and Review
- Classification of Organisms: Help and Review
- The Origin & History of Life On Earth: Help and Review
- Genetics & Hereditary Traits: Help and Review
- Genetic Engineering Basics: Help and Review
- Natural Selection & Evolution in Life Science: Help and Review
- Microbiology & Types of Microbes: Help and Review
- Introduction to Ecosystems: Help and Review
- Types of Ecosystems: Help and Review
- Changing Ecosystems: Help and Review
- Invertebrates: Help and Review
- Animal Behavior & Communication: Help and Review
- Mammal Reproduction & Development: Help and Review
- The Cardiovascular System: Help and Review
- The Blood Vessels: Help and Review
- The Digestive System: Help and Review
- The Urinary & Endocrine Systems: Help and Review
- The Muscular System: Help and Review
- The Skeletal System & Connective Tissue: Help and Review
- Sight, Hearing & Other Senses: Help and Review
- Health Issues & Concerns: Help and Review
- How Plants Grow & Reproduce: Help and Review
- Environmental Concerns: Help and Review
- Natural Resources: Help and Review
- Growth & Productivity in Economics
- American Labor & Consumer Issues