About This Chapter
Plant Cells Overview - Chapter Summary
This collection of engaging biology lessons breaks down plant cell structures and functions. Follow along with our expert biology instructors to review the different parts of plant cells, including the cell membrane, central vacuole, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus and much more. By the end of the chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Differentiate between plant and animal cells
- Identify structures within a plant cell, including the central vacuole and cell wall
- Evaluate the functions of a plant cell's nucleus and cell membrane
- Recognize the different parts of chloroplast
- Understand the role of the plant cell's mitochondria
- Define and assess the functions of plastids, the centrosome, lysosome, endoplasmic reticulum, cytoplasm and Golgi apparatus
The chapter comes with interactive lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to help you solidify your understanding of plant cell terms and processes. You can work through the chapter in sequence or use your course Dashboard feature to jump to the lesson topics you want to study. To make your studying experience flexible and convenient, we've made the chapter accessible on any computer or mobile device.
1. The Difference Between Plant and Animal Cells
While both plant and animal cells are eukaryotic and share many similarities, they also differ in several ways. Learn about the key differences between these two cell types in this lesson.
2. Plant Cell Structures: The Cell Wall and Central Vacuole
In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the things that make plant cells so different from our cells. In addition to being mean, green photosynthesizing machines, plant cells have cell walls and central vacuoles to make them unique!
3. What Does the Cell Membrane Do in a Plant Cell?
Plant cells are surrounded by a cell membrane and a cell wall. But why have a membrane if you have a wall? This lesson addresses that question through an investigation into plant cell membrane function.
4. What Does the Nucleus Do in a Plant Cell?
In this lesson, we'll review the structure of the nucleus, its main functions of storing and copying DNA, and what it does specifically in plant cells. After completing the lesson, check your understanding with a quick quiz.
5. Chloroplast Structure: Chlorophyll, Stroma, Thylakoid, and Grana
In this lesson, we'll explore the parts of the chloroplast, such as the thylakoids and stroma, that make a chloroplast the perfect place for conducting photosynthesis in plant cells.
6. Plant Cell Mitochondria: Structure & Role
In this lesson, you will learn about the mitochondria of plant cells, including their structure and their role, especially in producing energy for the plant.
7. Plastids: Definition, Structure, Types & Functions
Plastids are found in plants and some algae. They are necessary for essential life processes, like photosynthesis and food storage. Read this lesson to learn about major types of plastids and what they do to sustain life.
8. Centrosome: Definition & Function
There are many different organelles found inside of our cells, and each one carries with it specific functional responsibilities. In this lesson, we will be looking at centrosomes and the roles they play in cellular function.
9. Lysosome: Definition & Function
Lysosomes are organelles found inside all cells. In this lesson, you will learn about the structure and function of lysosomes to gain a better understanding of them.
10. Endoplasmic Reticulum: Definition & Functions
Cells are made of numerous organelles that perform specific functions. In this lesson, you will learn about the structure and functions of the endoplasmic reticulum.
11. What is Cytoplasm? - Definition & Functions
Did you know your cells are filled with a thick fluid? Cytoplasm is an important part of your cells and serves several functions that are key to cellular health and productivity.
12. Golgi Apparatus: Definition & Function
Eukaryotic cells contain many organelles to carry out their life functions. One of these important organelles is known as the Golgi apparatus. In this lesson, we'll learn about the structure and function of this organelle.
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