About This Chapter
Standard: Analyze how a drama's or poem's form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5)
About This Chapter
Working through these video lessons with your students can help boost their ability to identify and use various established verse forms and rhyme schemes. They can develop the capacity to articulate how the form and rhyme come together to create the rhythm of a piece and why a poet may have chosen a given structure. The topics discussed here include:
- The ABAB rhyme scheme
- Blank verse and free verse
- Elegy, narrative, and ballad poems
- Odes, sonnets, and Petrarchan sonnets
- How structure supports meaning
Competency in these topics can be measured as students recognize stress patterns and describe the forms they encounter while reading poetry. They may show greater comprehension of poetry and struggle less in the analysis and decoding.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Using these videos in the classroom is simple. Here are some ideas to get you started.
After watching the videos in class, provide students with a handful of short poems. Have them annotate the stress patterns and rhyme scheme and determine which, if any, verse form the poet used.
Writing narrative poetry
Watch the video on narrative poems in class. Have students think of a recent event in their lives and write a narrative poem (likely in idyll, lay, or ballad form) telling the story of the event. Encourage students to perform their poems in front of the class.
Homework and test
Have students watch each video and complete its associated quiz as homework assignments. Complete the chapter test as a class to gauge understanding after all videos have been completed.
1. Poems with ABAB Rhyme Scheme: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we will delve into the wonderful world of poetry. Specifically, we will analyze poems with the ABAB rhyme scheme. After a few examples, we will analyze how poets implement this type of rhyme scheme to create memorable poems. We will conclude our lesson with a brief quiz.
2. Blank Verse: Definition and Examples
Blank verse has been used in both drama and poetry for centuries. Watch this video to see how different poets use this technique to bring the audience into a trance or to jolt them into reflection.
3. What Is Free Verse Poetry? - Examples & Definition
Did you know that Walt Whitman, who lived in the mid-1800s, was influential in shaping the American identity? Find out how his writing style is connected to the King James Bible and the famous Beat poet Allen Ginsberg.
4. Elegy Poems: Definition & Examples
For centuries, people have expressed their grief for the loss of loved ones in elegies. Learn how the elegy differs from the eulogy and how Don McLean's 'American Pie' falls into the ranks of Walt Whitman's 'O Captain! My Captain!'
5. Narrative Poems: Types & Examples
Some of history's most famous heroes have been immortalized in narrative poetry: King Arthur, Odysseus, and even Jed Clampett. From Homer to Chaucer to Poe to The Beverly Hillbillies, narrative poetry has been used to preserve some of the world's greatest stories.
6. Odes: Forms & Examples
Have you ever appreciated something or someone so much you were inspired to write a poem? If so, then the ode is the poem for you! Learn about the three types of odes and how they are used to celebrate the people and things.
7. Sonnets: Definition & Examples
If you want to profess your love in a poem, you might not think to look back a few hundred years for inspiration. Learn how some of the greatest poets in history used the sonnet to woo their lovers.
8. Petrarchan Sonnet: Rhyme Scheme, Format & Example Poems
The sonnet is one of the most well-respected poetic forms in the English language, but did you know that this form began in Italian? Explore the inner workings of the Petrarchan sonnet and break down examples from Emma Lazarus and Joshua Mehigan.
9. How the Structure of a Poem or Drama Contributes to Meaning
Look closely at the form of any poem or play. Authors put a lot of thought into the structure of their work. This lesson discusses how that structure contributes to the overall meaning of the piece as a whole.
10. Soliloquy: Definition & Examples
Drama is a vastly different medium from written literature. This lesson focuses on one particular thing that exists only in spoken performances: the soliloquy.
11. Design by Robert Frost: Summary, Theme & Analysis
In Robert Frost's poem 'Design,' the speaker wrestles with a spiritual question: Does God really watch over us? Frost's poem begins innocently and ends on a haunting note. We'll analyze the poem and look at its themes.
12. Song of Myself by Walt Whitman: Summary, Themes & Analysis
Walt Whitman's 'Song of Myself' is one of the most important poems in the American canon, important for both its use of language and its vision of equality. This lesson looks at the poem's structure, themes and interpretations.
13. If We Must Die By Claude McKay: Summary, Theme & Analysis
The lesson will briefly examine the literary background of Claude McKay and then discuss his poem 'If We Must Die' in relation to the historical Red Summer of 1919. It will also summarize the poem and examine its themes.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Literature: Standards course
- Citing Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
- Central Theme or Idea: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
- Literary Elements: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
- Literary Devices: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
- Structure in Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
- Fiction Analysis: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
- Drama Analysis: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
- Point of View in Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
- Comparing Mediums in Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.7
- Portrayal of Time, Place & Character in Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.9
- Literature Comprehension & Practice: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.10