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Ch 5: Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6

About This Chapter

Find lessons for eleventh and twelfth grade English based on the Common Core Reading Literature standard for point of view (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6).

Standard: Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).

About This Chapter

Students who have mastered this standard will be able to determine from whose point of view a story is told as well as distinguish between limited, objective, and omniscient narration. Additionally, students will apply knowledge of humorous elements, such as satire, parody, and irony, to better grasp the text's meaning.

Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:

  • Understanding the significance of point of view
  • Distinguishing between limited, objective, and omniscient points of view
  • Character development through voice
  • Differentiating between satire and parody
  • Discriminating between irony and sarcasm

Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when they are able to apply principles of point of view, voice, and elements of humor within a number of contexts, including reading literature, watching films, studying historical accounts, and communicating with others on a daily basis. By understanding the importance of point of view and how a character/person's motivations influence voice and meaning, students are better equipped to communicate their own ideas as well as interpret others'.

How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom

Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 standard:

Understanding Point of View Lesson

As a class, read a popular story that has been written from at least 2 points of view (fables and fairy tales are good examples, such as The Three Little Pigs). Discuss variations among the stories, noting that the same events told from a different point of view can seem quite contradictory. Watch the video Point of View: First, Second & Third Person.

Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing Lesson

Show the video Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing. Divide class into small groups. Set a timer for 5 minutes, and instruct the groups to list any examples of satires, parodies and spoofs that they can think of. The examples can be from books, stories, movies, commercials, cartoons, etc. Once the 5 minutes is up, have the groups categorize the examples and present results to the class.

Types of Irony: Examples and Definitions Lesson

Using the lesson Dramatic Irony: Definition, Examples & Quiz, define dramatic and tragic irony. Discuss the examples in the lesson and note how the use of irony drives the plot. Next, have students rewrite the brief scene from A Midsummer Night's Dream in which Bottom is unaware of his donkey head, but, unlike the actual script, Titiana is aware. In the new scene, Bottom is trying to ask Titiana on a date, but she has no interest in dating a donkey. For dramatic irony's sake, her responses should hint at - but not give away - Bottom's situation.

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