About This Chapter
Standard: Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered this standard will be able to determine from whose point of view a story is told as well as distinguish between limited, objective, and omniscient narration. Additionally, students will apply knowledge of humorous elements, such as satire, parody, and irony, to better grasp the text's meaning.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- Understanding the significance of point of view
- Distinguishing between limited, objective, and omniscient points of view
- Character development through voice
- Differentiating between satire and parody
- Discriminating between irony and sarcasm
Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when they are able to apply principles of point of view, voice, and elements of humor within a number of contexts, including reading literature, watching films, studying historical accounts, and communicating with others on a daily basis. By understanding the importance of point of view and how a character/person's motivations influence voice and meaning, students are better equipped to communicate their own ideas as well as interpret others'.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 standard:
Understanding Point of View Lesson
As a class, read a popular story that has been written from at least 2 points of view (fables and fairy tales are good examples, such as The Three Little Pigs). Discuss variations among the stories, noting that the same events told from a different point of view can seem quite contradictory. Watch the video Point of View: First, Second & Third Person.
Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing Lesson
Show the video Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing. Divide class into small groups. Set a timer for 5 minutes, and instruct the groups to list any examples of satires, parodies and spoofs that they can think of. The examples can be from books, stories, movies, commercials, cartoons, etc. Once the 5 minutes is up, have the groups categorize the examples and present results to the class.
Types of Irony: Examples and Definitions Lesson
Using the lesson Dramatic Irony: Definition, Examples & Quiz, define dramatic and tragic irony. Discuss the examples in the lesson and note how the use of irony drives the plot. Next, have students rewrite the brief scene from A Midsummer Night's Dream in which Bottom is unaware of his donkey head, but, unlike the actual script, Titiana is aware. In the new scene, Bottom is trying to ask Titiana on a date, but she has no interest in dating a donkey. For dramatic irony's sake, her responses should hint at - but not give away - Bottom's situation.
1. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
2. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
3. Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing
Learn about how writers use satire, parody and spoof to make their readers laugh and think. Explore how these forms mock the conventions of specific literary works and genres.
4. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Cite Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
- Themes & Central Ideas: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
- Word Choice & Meaning: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
- Structure of a Text:CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
- American Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.9
- Literature Lessons for Grades 11-12: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.10