About This Chapter
Policing & Juveniles - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll study topics related to policing and juveniles. Some of these include the role police play in juvenile delinquency and its prevention, different policing styles and the definition of deterrence in criminology. Take your time as you work through these lessons and use the video tabs to re-watch any portion of a video lesson that you need. We've made it easy to study any time that you need to on your mobile device or computer by making these materials accessible 24 hours a day. If you need assistance along the way, feel free to reach out to an instructor through the Dashboard. You should be able to meet the following goals once you've completed this chapter:
- Differentiate between the legalistic, service and watchman policing styles
- Define preventive patrol and its study
- Outline proactive policing strategies
- Provide examples of problem-oriented policing style
- Describe some of the services provided for community justice
- Identify the pros and cons of police discretion
- Discuss legal restraints on police actions
- Explore the purpose of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
1. The Role of the Police in Juvenile Delinquency & Prevention
In this lesson, you will learn more about the role of the police officer as it relates to juvenile delinquency and prevention. You will also be given a few examples of juvenile delinquency prevention programs that involve law enforcement.
2. Watchman, Legalistic & Service Policing Styles
Police departments have their own style, or way of doing things. Three well-known policing styles are the watchman, legalistic and service styles. This lesson explains these policing styles and the differences in these approaches.
3. Deterrence in Criminology: Definition & Theory
Sentencing can be more than just a punishment for a crime. When used properly, sentences can encourage people not to commit a crime. Find out how punishment can stop a crime before it occurs.
4. Preventive Patrol: Definition, Study & Experiment
Preventive policing is the idea of stopping crime before it starts. This lesson provides a brief overview of three types of preventive policing: traffic enforcement, patrol, and community outreach.
5. Proactive Policing: Definition & Strategies
In this lesson we will consider and evaluate the concept of 'proactive policing' and then examine current policing strategies. Following the lesson, a brief quiz will allow you to test what you have learned.
6. Problem-Oriented Policing: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, problem-oriented policing will be defined, its origin and background will be discussed, and some examples describing problem-oriented policing will be given.
7. Community Justice: Definition & Services
Community justice is a unique approach to crime prevention. This lesson focuses on defining community justice and provides examples of services offered through community justice programs.
8. Police Discretion: Definition, Examples, Pros & Cons
Learn what constitutes police discretion. Examine several examples of police discretion and review the pros and cons to understand why people are for and against the use of police discretion.
9. Legal Restraints on Police Actions
Legal restraints on police actions are designed to protect individuals from abuses of police power. This lesson explains how legal restraints on police actions originate from the U.S. Constitution, and discusses abuse of police power.
10. Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP): History, Role & Purpose
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, or OJJDP, is a justice program that focuses on preventing juvenile delinquency and victimization. This lesson explains the roles and history of OJJDP.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 305: The Juvenile Justice System course