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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How does American political culture respond to particular factors and influences?
- What five major viewpoints demonstrate how Americans feel about the political system?
- What is the definition of political socialization?
- How do political professionals measure public opinion and deal with bias?
- How do random sampling and quota sampling differ from each other?
- Do attentive members of the public make decisions differently from the general public?
- Why are opinion leaders important in contemporary politics?
- In addition to voting, how else do Americans participate in the political process?
1. What is American Political Culture?
The American political culture is a system of shared political traditions, customs, beliefs and values. This lesson discusses the characteristics of America's political culture and the factors that help shape it.
2. What is Public Opinion?
Public opinion is an expression of the general population's thoughts on a particular political issue. This lesson discusses the concept of public opinion and explores influences on public opinion.
3. Frames of Reference: How America Views the Political System
Americans use a unique frame of reference to perceive and evaluate our political system. This lesson explores five common beliefs Americans hold about the American political system.
4. What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process by which people form their ideas about politics. This lesson explains political socialization and discusses the means through which Americans form their political values.
5. The Measurement of Public Opinion
Public opinion is an expression of the general population's thoughts on a particular political issue. This lesson discusses the measurement of public opinion, including the development and use of opinion polling.
6. Voting: Costs and Benefits
In a country as large as the United States, it's highly unlikely that one person's vote will decide the outcome of a presidential election. Does this mean the costs of voting outweigh the benefits? This lesson explores this question.
7. Political Participation in the United States: Influences & Voter Turnout
Despite an increase in the number of eligible voters, political participation in the United States seems to be on the decline. This lesson discusses influences on political participation and voter turnout.
8. Alternative Forms of Political Participation: Role & Types
Americans participate in government by voting, but they also participate in many other ways. This lesson discusses the role alternative forms of political participation play in our political involvement.
9. Civic Duty: Definition & Examples
Civic duties are legally mandated responsibilities that all citizens are required to fulfill. Failure to fulfill these obligations could result in legal punishment. We'll look at some examples in American society.
10. Political Nomination: Definition & Process
Have you ever thought about running for political office? Discover the political nomination process and learn how it works. Explore the role of political parties in this important phase in the modern election cycle.
11. Political Patronage: Definition, Motives & Example
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of political patronage, as well as why it can be difficult to identify, what its actually used for, and how it influences political systems.
12. Project Grants: Definition & Examples
Project grants are like scholarship competitions. They give out federal money to states, localities, and individuals based on merit. We look at some examples in this lesson.
13. Reverse Discrimination: Definition, Examples & Cases
Reverse discrimination can be a confusing and emotional topic. Through this lesson, you'll learn what defines reverse discrimination and come to understand how it works in society.
14. Sphere of Influence: Definition & Significance
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of a sphere of influence and gain insight into the significant ways that spheres of influence have impacted social, cultural, and political systems around the world.
15. Standing Committee: Definition & Example
How does a bill become law, when there are thousands of proposed bills? The answer, in the U.S. Congress, is the committee system, and in particular the standing committees, the permanent feature of the legislative process where most of the actual lawmaking goes on.
16. Tenure of Office Act of 1867: Definition & Summary
The Tenure of Office Act was a short-lived law with the intent of protecting federal officials from executive removal. Learn about the brief history of the Act, including its impact on President Andrew Johnson.
17. The Committees of Correspondence: Definition & Purpose
Before social media, there was a way where nearly everyone in colonial America could find out what was happening in the movement towards independence: the Committees of Correspondence. Read on to learn why the Committees of Correspondence were formed, how they worked, and what impact they had in colonial America.
18. Unfunded Mandates: Definition & Examples
Through this lesson, you will learn what defines an unfunded congressional mandate, understand how they impact state government, and gain insight into why they are often controversial.
19. Welfare Capitalism: Definition & History
Welfare capitalism is an important but controversial aspect of today's economic politics. In this lesson, you'll learn what welfare capitalism is, how it has operated in the U.S. and elsewhere, as well as arguments for and against the practice.
20. What is Political Socialization? - Definition, Factors, Process & Examples
Through this lesson, you will learn how to define political socialization, and gain insight into the major factors that work together to influence the political beliefs and opinions that we develop over the course of our lives.
21. What is Public Opinion? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll discover how people develop their political opinions, and you'll learn about methods of measuring and interpreting public opinion.
22. The Silent Majority: Definition & Concept
The ~'Silent Majority~' refers to the large number of voters who felt disrespected and silenced by the American political process in the late 1960s. Read on to learn how ~'the Silent Majority~' actually spoke quite loudly and how it helped shape how politicians view the public in modern elections.
23. What Is Civic Engagement? - Definition, Types & Examples
This lesson discusses the concept of civic engagement, which is a theory about how we interact with our political system. We'll define several related concepts to civic engagement and offer examples.
24. Civic Involvement: Definition & Examples
In this lesson we will learn about civic involvement. We will define the term, and we will identify examples of ways that people are involved in the civic process.
25. What Is Civic Nationalism? - Definition & Examples
There are different ways for nationalism to form. In this lesson, we'll check out civic nationalism, examine its history, and see where it's found in the world today.
26. Civic Nationalism vs. Ethnic Nationalism
How are nations created? In this lesson, we're going to examine the ideas of civic nationalism and ethnic nationalism and see how each is used to help build and maintain the nation-state.
27. Ethnic Nationalism: Definition, Theory & Examples
Who gets to belong to the nation? This is a difficult question, and in this lesson we'll look at one way to answer this, as well as the historic consequences of that ideology.
28. What is Civil Resistance? - Definition & Examples
When people resist their government, is it civil? In this lesson, we are going to explore the ideologies and methods of civil resistance and examine some examples through history.
29. Civil Resistance vs. Civil Disobedience
So, you want to protest. How should you go about it? In this lesson, we're going to examine civil resistance and civil disobedience, and see how each has been used to communicate the will of the people.
30. What is Fenno's Paradox?
American politics sometimes seems full of contradictions, but there's one that stands out in particular. In this lesson, we'll explore Fenno's Paradox and see what it tells us about American political opinions.
31. National Personal Autonomy: Definition & Examples
How can ethnic minorities within a country be guaranteed their own rights? How about national personal autonomy? In this lesson, we'll examine this idea and see how it's been applied throughout history.
32. Rightful Resistance: Definition & Examples
There are many ways to resist the state, but each carries different levels of risk. In this lesson, we'll check out rightful resistance and see how it's been used to create change.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Political Science: Help and Review course
- Basic Terms and Concepts of Political Science: Help and Review
- Civil Liberties in Political Science: Help and Review
- Civil Rights in Political Science: Help and Review
- Political Ideologies and Philosophy: Help and Review
- Forms of Government: Help and Review
- Types of Legislatures in Government: Help and Review
- Presidential Elections & Powers: Help and Review
- The Congress: Powers & Elections: Help and Review
- The Federal Judicial System in Political Science: Help and Review
- The Federal Bureaucracy in the United States in Political Science: Help and Review
- The History & Role of Political Parties: Help and Review
- Interest Groups in Politics: Help and Review
- Mass Media and Politics: Help and Review
- Comparative Law: Help and Review
- Public and Social Policy: Help and Review
- Fiscal Policy in Government & the Economy: Help and Review
- Foreign Policy, Defense Policy & Government: Help and Review
- Concepts of International Relations: Help and Review
- International Actors in Political Science: Help and Review
- International Law in Politics: Help and Review
- Global Issues and Politics: Help and Review