About This Chapter
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- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
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- Verify you're ready by completing the Political Developments from 1760-1848 chapter exam.
Why it works:
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- Why did liberalism, radicalism, republicanism and socialism take root in the 1800s?
- How did the European revolutions and revolts of 1815-1832 start?
- What were the major Latin American independence movements of the 1800s?
- What were the primary causes of the French Revolution of 1848?
- Why did nationalists revolt against imperialists in Central Europe in 1848?
- Who wrote The Communist Manifesto, and why was it so influential?
1. Liberalism, Radicalism, and Republicanism in the 1800s
This lesson will define and explain the political ideologies of the 19th century, specifically radicalism, republicanism, and liberalism. In doing so, it will highlight their beliefs in the right to vote, freedom from religion, separation of church from state, and laissez-faire economics.
2. Socialism: Definition & Leaders
This lesson defines and explains the 19th century political ideology socialism. In doing this, it will highlight the roles of the Industrial Revolution and the socialist experiments of Robert Owen and Charles Fourier.
3. European Revolutions and Revolts from 1815-1832
This lesson will explain the European revolutions occurring in the first half of the 19th century. It will discuss the common classes' response to the Congress of Vienna, the Concert of Europe, and the old aristocracies' grasping for power.
4. Independence Movements in Latin America: Examples & Impact
This lesson will explore the 19th century Latin American revolutions. In doing so, it will highlight the roles L'Ouverture, Hidalgo, and Bolivar played in bringing freedom to Haiti, Mexico, and South America.
5. The French Revolution of 1848: History, Causes & Events
This lesson will explore the French Revolution of 1848 that led to the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte III. It will highlight the revolution of the bourgeoisie while also explaining the conflict of the middle classes known as June Days.
6. Central European Revolutions of 1848: History, Causes & Effects
This lesson explores the Central European revolutions of 1848. In doing so, it will highlight the nationalist movements across Germany, Austria, and Italy. It will also signify the revolution in France as the catalyst for this historic year.
7. Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels: The Communist Manifesto
This lesson will explore the 19th century roots of Marxism and communism. In doing this, it will explain the role the Industrial Revolution played in forming the famous work of Marx and Engels, known as the Communist Manifesto.
8. King George III: Biography, Facts & Quotes
George III is most famous in United States History as the King of Great Britain and Ireland who lost the Revolutionary War. His period of rule as was filled with conflict and scandal. There was a reason some people called him 'Crazy George'.
9. Who Was John C. Calhoun? - Biography, Facts & Significance
John C. Calhoun was a Senator from South Carolina, Secretary of State, Secretary of War, and Vice President of the United States. Calhoun was a leading voice for pro Southern policies in the 19th century.
10. William Pitt the Younger: Biography & Quotes
William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806) was a British politician who served as Prime Minister on two separate occasions. He is widely regarded as a person who modernized the office of Prime Minister.
11. Robert Owen & New Harmony
Robert Owen was a 19th century Scottish industrialist whose dream for the perfect cooperative society became a reality in the American community he named New Harmony. Despite his vision, the experiment failed when inhabitants did not conform to his ideas.
12. Robert Owen's Management Theory
Horrible factory conditions were common during the Industrial Revolution. This lesson describes how Robert Owen worked to change these conditions. A brief quiz follows the lesson.
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Other chapters within the Western Civilization 1648 to the Present: Help and Review course
- Western European Absolutism (1648-1715): Help and Review
- Eastern European Power Shifts (1648-1740): Help and Review
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century: Help and Review
- The Scientific Revolution (1500-1790): Help and Review
- The French Revolution & Napoleon (1780-1815): Help and Review
- Industrialization From 1700-1900: Help and Review
- The Age of Nationalism: Help and Review
- European Life and Trends From 1850-1914: Help and Review
- Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries: Help and Review
- World War I (1914-1919): Help and Review
- The Years Between the World Wars: Help and Review
- World War II (1939-1945): Help and Review
- Western Civilization Since 1945: Help and Review
- Topics in Philosophy Since 1600