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Ch 4: Political Ideologies and Philosophy: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Political Ideologies and Philosophy chapter of this Intro to Political Science Help and Review course is the simplest way to master political ideas and theories. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of political ideologies and philosophy.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help understanding introductory political science material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding American conservatism and liberalism, fascism and feminism.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about political ideologies and philosophy.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra political science learning resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Political Ideologies and Philosophy chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Political Ideologies and Philosophy chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • How do empirical and normative approaches to political theories differ?
  • What is the definition of political ideology?
  • How do American conservatism and liberalism compare with each other?
  • What differences and similarities exist between socialism and communism?
  • How has fascism evolved over time, and what is its influence on today's politics?
  • What do anarchists believe?
  • What influence do feminists and feminist ideologies have on modern day politics?

39 Lessons in Chapter 4: Political Ideologies and Philosophy: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Approaches to Political Theory: Normative and Empirical

1. Approaches to Political Theory: Normative and Empirical

Theories attempt to explain the world around us. In this lesson, you'll learn about political theory. An overview of the normative and empirical approaches to political theory will also be examined. A short quiz follows.

What Is a Political Ideology?

2. What Is a Political Ideology?

Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.

Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence

3. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenants and its influence.

Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence

4. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.

Libertarianism: History and Philosophy

5. Libertarianism: History and Philosophy

If you hold liberty above all other values, you might just be a libertarian. In this lesson, you'll learn about libertarianism, including what it is, its general principles and its history. A short quiz follows.

Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences

6. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences

People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.

Anarchism: History and Philosophy

7. Anarchism: History and Philosophy

Some form of government has been around for the entire period of recorded human history. However, some people don't think government is necessary. In this lesson, you'll learn about anarchism, its philosophy and its history.

Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence

8. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.

Feminism: History, Ideology, and Impact in Politics

9. Feminism: History, Ideology, and Impact in Politics

Feminism was one of the great political and social movements of the 19th and 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about feminism, its ideology, some of its important history and its political impact.

What is a Counterargument? - Definition & Examples

10. What is a Counterargument? - Definition & Examples

Find out what counterarguments are and how to use them in your persuasive writing. Learn about the importance of counterarguments and how to refute them. Read the lesson and then take a quiz to test your knowledge.

What is a Social Contract? - Definition & Examples

11. What is a Social Contract? - Definition & Examples

Learn about the idea of a social contract. Then you can understand how the concept has helped people to create modern governments all over the world that are more responsible to their citizens.

Deontology: Definition, Theory, Ethics & Examples

12. Deontology: Definition, Theory, Ethics & Examples

The question of doing what is right or what is wrong took on a new meaning in the 18th century. In this lesson, learn about a branch of ethics called deontology. Then, take a short quiz to test your knowledge.

On Liberty by John Stuart Mill: Summary & Analysis

13. On Liberty by John Stuart Mill: Summary & Analysis

John Stuart Mill's 1859 book 'On Liberty' is considered one of the most important works of political philosophy ever written. In it, Mill expounds on his theories of utilitarianism and individual freedom. In this lesson, we will summarize and analyze the book.

Qualities of a Critical Thinker

14. Qualities of a Critical Thinker

Are you a critical thinker? This lesson looks at the qualities necessary for critical thinking and why this is useful for developing a better understanding of the world around you.

The Critical Thinking Process: Point-of-View, Assumptions, Evidence & Conclusions

15. The Critical Thinking Process: Point-of-View, Assumptions, Evidence & Conclusions

In this lesson, you'll learn the steps involved in the critical thinking process. You'll consider how coming to a conclusion effectively involves multiple questions that get you thinking about a topic in a new way.

Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man: Summary & Analysis

16. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man: Summary & Analysis

This lesson will look at Alexander Pope's 'An Essay on Man.' We will consider its context, form, meaning, and the ways in which it reflects the mindset of the thinkers of the 18th century.

Sigmund Freud's Layers of the Self

17. Sigmund Freud's Layers of the Self

This lesson will explore Sigmund Freud's theories concerning the layers of self. In doing this, it will highlight how the id, ego, and superego play out in the lives of all of us.

St. Thomas Aquinas' Five Proofs of God

18. St. Thomas Aquinas' Five Proofs of God

This lesson will explore Thomas Aquinas' 'Summa Theologica'. In doing so, it will specifically highlight Aquinas' Five Proofs for the existence of God.

St. Anselm's Ontological Argument for God's Existence

19. St. Anselm's Ontological Argument for God's Existence

This lesson will explore the ontological argument for God. In doing so, it will highlight the concept that reality is better than an idea. It will also describe the perfect island argument in response.

What is Interventionism in Politics? - Definition, History & Examples

20. What is Interventionism in Politics? - Definition, History & Examples

Interventionism is legally and morally dubious, even in the best of circumstances. So, how do people keep justifying it? In this lesson, we'll look at these questions and explore examples of interventionism from around the world.

American Interventionism: Origins, Pros & Cons

21. American Interventionism: Origins, Pros & Cons

In this lesson we learn about the history of American interventionism. We discuss the origins of American interventionism and identify the pros and cons of intervening in foreign affairs.

Interventionism in Politics vs. Liberalism

22. Interventionism in Politics vs. Liberalism

This lesson considers the government's role in the lives of its citizens. We'll look at the terms liberalism and interventionism and see how they have interacted throughout history.

Regionalism in Politics: Definition, Characteristics & Types

23. Regionalism in Politics: Definition, Characteristics & Types

In this lesson, learn about regionalism, a political ideology that prioritizes local over national. Examine the main characteristics of regionalism in politics and explore the different types that have emerged around the world.

Regionalism in Politics: History & Examples

24. Regionalism in Politics: History & Examples

On what scale should we understand politics? Do political decisions happen at the national level, or the global? How about the regional? In this lesson, we'll look at regionalism and see what this concept means in the world today.

Regionalism in Politics: Importance & Effects

25. Regionalism in Politics: Importance & Effects

Regionalism may be the wave of the future, but what does it really mean? Let's take a look at the real-world implications of regionalism and see what impacts it is having already.

Regionalism in Indian Politics: Role, Causes & Impact

26. Regionalism in Indian Politics: Role, Causes & Impact

Some nations struggle with hyper-nationalism, but India may be dealing with a very different problem. In this lesson, we'll see what regionalism looks like in India and consider what this could mean for the nation.

Social Realism vs. Regionalism

27. Social Realism vs. Regionalism

What does American art look like? There's a long history behind this question, and in this lesson we're going to see how it was answered by both Regionalism and Social Realism.

Religious Socialism: Definition, Theory & Criticism

28. Religious Socialism: Definition, Theory & Criticism

You may have heard of socialism, but religious socialism's unique. In this lesson, we're going to see how religion and socialism can interact and examine arguments for and against this theory.

Types of Religious Socialism

29. Types of Religious Socialism

Should you ever mix religion and politics? According to some people, yes. In this lesson, we'll look at a few major branches of religious socialism and see how each unites faith with economics and politics.

Social Conservatism vs. Social Liberalism

30. Social Conservatism vs. Social Liberalism

In this lesson we will learn about the difference between social conservatism and social liberalism. We will highlight the key differences between these views, and we will explore some the issues that have sparked a ''culture war.''

Social Conservatism vs. Fiscal Conservatism

31. Social Conservatism vs. Fiscal Conservatism

In this lesson, you will learn about the similarities and differences between social conservatism and fiscal conservatism. We'll look at what factors might influence support for social conservatism and fiscal conservatism.

Cultural Conservatism vs. Social Conservatism

32. Cultural Conservatism vs. Social Conservatism

Some people want to conserve society, while others want to conserve culture. So, what's the difference? In this lesson, we'll examine both ideas and see how they're similar and how they're different.

Social Progressivism vs Conservatism

33. Social Progressivism vs Conservatism

Social values matter a lot to a society, but people have different ideas about what those values are. In this lesson, we'll examine two opposing viewpoints to see where they're different and what they have in common.

What is Social Conservatism? - Definition & Examples

34. What is Social Conservatism? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we'll explore social conservatism. You'll learn about this political ideology and examine beliefs and issues that are important to social conservatives in the United States.

What is Social Imperialism? - Definition, Effects & Examples

35. What is Social Imperialism? - Definition, Effects & Examples

Imperialism is not often a word we associate with social reform or seizing the means of production. Yet, people have found ways. In this lesson, we'll look at the concept of social imperialism and check out some historical examples.

Yellow Socialism vs. Democracy

36. Yellow Socialism vs. Democracy

There's a lot of talk about how socialism can be democratic, but that changes when the socialism turns yellow. In this lesson, we'll see what that means and explore these opposing ideologies.

Yellow Socialism vs. Fascism

37. Yellow Socialism vs. Fascism

Fascism had a big impact on the world, but where did it come from? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the unexpected roots of Fascism and compare some related ideologies.

Yellow Socialism vs. Capitalism

38. Yellow Socialism vs. Capitalism

Socialism and capitalism have pretty different ideas about the economy. In this lesson, we're going to see how a radical variation known as yellow socialism changed this conversation.

Yellow Socialism vs. Communism

39. Yellow Socialism vs. Communism

Socialism and communism are closely related, but what happens when that socialism turns yellow? And what does that even mean? In this lesson, we'll explore these terms and see how they are similar and different.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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