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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How do empirical and normative approaches to political theories differ?
- What is the definition of political ideology?
- How do American conservatism and liberalism compare with each other?
- What differences and similarities exist between socialism and communism?
- How has fascism evolved over time, and what is its influence on today's politics?
- What do anarchists believe?
- What influence do feminists and feminist ideologies have on modern day politics?
1. Approaches to Political Theory: Normative and Empirical
Theories attempt to explain the world around us. In this lesson, you'll learn about political theory. An overview of the normative and empirical approaches to political theory will also be examined. A short quiz follows.
2. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
3. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenants and its influence.
4. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
5. Libertarianism: History and Philosophy
If you hold liberty above all other values, you might just be a libertarian. In this lesson, you'll learn about libertarianism, including what it is, its general principles and its history. A short quiz follows.
6. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
7. Anarchism: History and Philosophy
Some form of government has been around for the entire period of recorded human history. However, some people don't think government is necessary. In this lesson, you'll learn about anarchism, its philosophy and its history.
8. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.
9. Feminism: History, Ideology, and Impact in Politics
Feminism was one of the great political and social movements of the 19th and 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about feminism, its ideology, some of its important history and its political impact.
10. What is a Counterargument? - Definition & Examples
Find out what counterarguments are and how to use them in your persuasive writing. Learn about the importance of counterarguments and how to refute them. Read the lesson and then take a quiz to test your knowledge.
11. What is a Social Contract? - Definition & Examples
Learn about the idea of a social contract. Then you can understand how the concept has helped people to create modern governments all over the world that are more responsible to their citizens.
12. Deontology: Definition, Theory, Ethics & Examples
The question of doing what is right or what is wrong took on a new meaning in the 18th century. In this lesson, learn about a branch of ethics called deontology. Then, take a short quiz to test your knowledge.
13. On Liberty by John Stuart Mill: Summary & Analysis
John Stuart Mill's 1859 book 'On Liberty' is considered one of the most important works of political philosophy ever written. In it, Mill expounds on his theories of utilitarianism and individual freedom. In this lesson, we will summarize and analyze the book.
14. Qualities of a Critical Thinker
Are you a critical thinker? This lesson looks at the qualities necessary for critical thinking and why this is useful for developing a better understanding of the world around you.
15. The Critical Thinking Process: Point-of-View, Assumptions, Evidence & Conclusions
In this lesson, you'll learn the steps involved in the critical thinking process. You'll consider how coming to a conclusion effectively involves multiple questions that get you thinking about a topic in a new way.
16. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man: Summary & Analysis
This lesson will look at Alexander Pope's 'An Essay on Man.' We will consider its context, form, meaning, and the ways in which it reflects the mindset of the thinkers of the 18th century.
17. Sigmund Freud's Layers of the Self
This lesson will explore Sigmund Freud's theories concerning the layers of self. In doing this, it will highlight how the id, ego, and superego play out in the lives of all of us.
18. St. Thomas Aquinas' Five Proofs of God
This lesson will explore Thomas Aquinas' 'Summa Theologica'. In doing so, it will specifically highlight Aquinas' Five Proofs for the existence of God.
19. St. Anselm's Ontological Argument for God's Existence
This lesson will explore the ontological argument for God. In doing so, it will highlight the concept that reality is better than an idea. It will also describe the perfect island argument in response.
20. What is Interventionism in Politics? - Definition, History & Examples
Interventionism is legally and morally dubious, even in the best of circumstances. So, how do people keep justifying it? In this lesson, we'll look at these questions and explore examples of interventionism from around the world.
21. American Interventionism: Origins, Pros & Cons
In this lesson we learn about the history of American interventionism. We discuss the origins of American interventionism and identify the pros and cons of intervening in foreign affairs.
22. Interventionism in Politics vs. Liberalism
This lesson considers the government's role in the lives of its citizens. We'll look at the terms liberalism and interventionism and see how they have interacted throughout history.
23. Regionalism in Politics: Definition, Characteristics & Types
In this lesson, learn about regionalism, a political ideology that prioritizes local over national. Examine the main characteristics of regionalism in politics and explore the different types that have emerged around the world.
24. Regionalism in Politics: History & Examples
On what scale should we understand politics? Do political decisions happen at the national level, or the global? How about the regional? In this lesson, we'll look at regionalism and see what this concept means in the world today.
25. Regionalism in Politics: Importance & Effects
Regionalism may be the wave of the future, but what does it really mean? Let's take a look at the real-world implications of regionalism and see what impacts it is having already.
26. Regionalism in Indian Politics: Role, Causes & Impact
Some nations struggle with hyper-nationalism, but India may be dealing with a very different problem. In this lesson, we'll see what regionalism looks like in India and consider what this could mean for the nation.
27. Social Realism vs. Regionalism
What does American art look like? There's a long history behind this question, and in this lesson we're going to see how it was answered by both Regionalism and Social Realism.
28. Religious Socialism: Definition, Theory & Criticism
You may have heard of socialism, but religious socialism's unique. In this lesson, we're going to see how religion and socialism can interact and examine arguments for and against this theory.
29. Types of Religious Socialism
Should you ever mix religion and politics? According to some people, yes. In this lesson, we'll look at a few major branches of religious socialism and see how each unites faith with economics and politics.
30. Social Conservatism vs. Social Liberalism
In this lesson we will learn about the difference between social conservatism and social liberalism. We will highlight the key differences between these views, and we will explore some the issues that have sparked a ''culture war.''
31. Social Conservatism vs. Fiscal Conservatism
In this lesson, you will learn about the similarities and differences between social conservatism and fiscal conservatism. We'll look at what factors might influence support for social conservatism and fiscal conservatism.
32. Cultural Conservatism vs. Social Conservatism
Some people want to conserve society, while others want to conserve culture. So, what's the difference? In this lesson, we'll examine both ideas and see how they're similar and how they're different.
33. Social Progressivism vs Conservatism
Social values matter a lot to a society, but people have different ideas about what those values are. In this lesson, we'll examine two opposing viewpoints to see where they're different and what they have in common.
34. What is Social Conservatism? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll explore social conservatism. You'll learn about this political ideology and examine beliefs and issues that are important to social conservatives in the United States.
35. What is Social Imperialism? - Definition, Effects & Examples
Imperialism is not often a word we associate with social reform or seizing the means of production. Yet, people have found ways. In this lesson, we'll look at the concept of social imperialism and check out some historical examples.
36. Yellow Socialism vs. Democracy
There's a lot of talk about how socialism can be democratic, but that changes when the socialism turns yellow. In this lesson, we'll see what that means and explore these opposing ideologies.
37. Yellow Socialism vs. Fascism
Fascism had a big impact on the world, but where did it come from? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the unexpected roots of Fascism and compare some related ideologies.
38. Yellow Socialism vs. Capitalism
Socialism and capitalism have pretty different ideas about the economy. In this lesson, we're going to see how a radical variation known as yellow socialism changed this conversation.
39. Yellow Socialism vs. Communism
Socialism and communism are closely related, but what happens when that socialism turns yellow? And what does that even mean? In this lesson, we'll explore these terms and see how they are similar and different.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Political Science: Help and Review course
- Basic Terms and Concepts of Political Science: Help and Review
- Civil Liberties in Political Science: Help and Review
- Civil Rights in Political Science: Help and Review
- Forms of Government: Help and Review
- Types of Legislatures in Government: Help and Review
- Presidential Elections & Powers: Help and Review
- The Congress: Powers & Elections: Help and Review
- The Federal Judicial System in Political Science: Help and Review
- The Federal Bureaucracy in the United States in Political Science: Help and Review
- The History & Role of Political Parties: Help and Review
- Interest Groups in Politics: Help and Review
- Mass Media and Politics: Help and Review
- Political Culture, Public Opinion & Civic Behavior: Help and Review
- Comparative Law: Help and Review
- Public and Social Policy: Help and Review
- Fiscal Policy in Government & the Economy: Help and Review
- Foreign Policy, Defense Policy & Government: Help and Review
- Concepts of International Relations: Help and Review
- International Actors in Political Science: Help and Review
- International Law in Politics: Help and Review
- Global Issues and Politics: Help and Review