About This Chapter
Political Ideologies and Philosophy - Chapter Summary
This chapter introduces you to political ideologies and their role in politics. You'll explore the history and characteristics of various ideologies, including liberalism, communism, socialism and conservatism. The professional instructors who lead these lessons will also show you two different approaches to political theory. The chapter is entirely self-paced, and it comes with plenty of self-assessment quizzes to help you solidify your knowledge. If you have any questions, simply reach out to our instructors online. When you're finished working through the chapter, you should be able to:
- Recognize the components of a political ideology
- Compare ancient and modern political theory
- Explain the political philosophies of Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine
- Interpret examples of social contract theory
- Summarize the histories, ideologies and influences of liberalism and conservatism
- Differentiate between socialism and communism
- Evaluate the impact that feminism has had on politics
1. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
2. Comparing Ancient & Modern Political Theory
In this lesson, you will learn about different ancient political theorists as well as modern political theorists and learn about similarities and differences.
3. St. Augustine & Thomas Aquinas' Political Philosophies
Can war be morally justified? It's a difficult question. In this lesson, we'll consult the works of two of Western history's most influential thinkers and see their views on this question.
4. Social Contract Theory: Definition & Examples
Since the beginning of human civilization, social contracts have helped structure how people and governments worked together. Learn about social contract theory and what some important thinkers from the 1600s onward had to say about it.
5. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenants and its influence.
6. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
7. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
8. Feminism: History, Ideology, and Impact in Politics
Feminism was one of the great political and social movements of the 19th and 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about feminism, its ideology, some of its important history and its political impact.
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Other chapters within the Political Science 101: Intro to Political Science course
- Basic Terms and Concepts of Political Science
- Forms of Government
- Electoral Systems
- The Branches of Government
- US Federal Bureaucracy
- The History & Role of Political Parties
- Interest Groups in Politics
- Mass Media and Politics
- Political Culture, Public Opinion & Civic Behavior
- Public and Social Policy
- Fiscal Policy in Government & the Economy
- Foreign Policy, Defense Policy & Government
- Concepts of International Relations
- Theories of International Relations
- International Actors in Political Science
- International Law in Politics
- Global Issues and Politics
- Studying for Political Science 101