About This Chapter
Political Ideologies & Forms of Government - Chapter Summary
You can examine contrasting political ideologies and forms of government with this chapter. Increase your understanding of the similarities and differences between these political institutions. Viewing these video lessons will help you increase what you know about:
- Political theory and political ideology
- Monarchies and democracies
- Oligarchies, autocracies and theocracies
- Liberalism, conservatism and libertarianism
- Communism, socialism and fascism
Political experts created these engaging lessons to help you understand the strengths and weaknesses of each form of government. You can work on applying what you've learned about politics by completing the self-assessments quizzes throughout this chapter.
1. Approaches to Political Theory: Normative and Empirical
Theories attempt to explain the world around us. In this lesson, you'll learn about political theory. An overview of the normative and empirical approaches to political theory will also be examined. A short quiz follows.
2. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
3. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy, Oligarchy & More
The governance of nations differs significantly based on who has power. This lesson will differentiate five forms of government: monarchy, democracy, oligarchy, authoritarianism, and totalitarianism.
4. What is Autocracy? - Totalitarianism vs. Authoritarianism
In this lesson, you'll imagine living in an autocracy. You will consider what would change if you went from an authoritarian society to a more totalitarian approach to government.
5. Theocracy: Definition & Examples
Throughout history, governments have relied on various ideologies to structure bureaucracy. In this lesson, we explore theocracy, a system of government in which the country's religious institutions are closely intertwined with the state.
6. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenets and its influence.
7. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
8. Libertarianism: History and Philosophy
If you hold liberty above all other values, you might just be a libertarian. In this lesson, you'll learn about libertarianism, including what it is, its general principles and its history. A short quiz follows.
9. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
10. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.
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Other chapters within the ORELA Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course
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- History of Mesopotamia
- Ancient Egypt
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