Ch 7: Political Institutions

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the different political institutions ranging from local to national government. After you complete each lesson, you may take a brief quiz to determine how well you comprehend the information you've reviewed.

Political Institutions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In the United States, government operates at several levels and branches, with different powers reserved for each. In this chapter, we'll explore the powers given to the federal, state and local governments, learn how powers are transferred between levels of government and examine the relationship between criminal justice and social justice. With these lessons, you'll learn about topics such as:

  • Devolution and why some powers have been shifted from the federal to the state level
  • How powers are divided between the states and the federal government
  • The responsibilities of local government
  • How culture and politics influence local government
  • Fairness and equality in the justice system

VideoObjective
Devolution: Definition & ExamplesDefine devolution, and identify trends in devolution, and examples of powers that have been shifted from the federal government to the states.
Division of Powers Between the National Government and the States Review how the Constitution and Supreme Court decisions have solved issues of jurisdiction and trends in the allocation of powers.
What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers and Benefits Examine how the federal government is organized and identify powers that it holds.
What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities and Challenges Look over the county and municipal government structures, the duties of government at the local level and common issues involving local government.
Local Government Boundaries: Cultural & Political InfluenceLearn how culture and politics can influence local government and their powers.
Criminal Justice & Social Justice: The Issues of Equity & FairnessDiscover the relationship between criminal and social justice, and how these concepts differ.

6 Lessons in Chapter 7: Political Institutions
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Devolution: Definition & Examples

1. Devolution: Definition & Examples

Devolution occurs where an entity transfers power to another such as the federal government, relinquishing control to states. Explore examples of federalism, devolution, new federalism, the ~'devolution revolution,~' and subsequent programs.

Division of Powers Between the National Government and the States

2. Division of Powers Between the National Government and the States

Federalism is the way the writers of the United States Constitution divided powers between the federal and state governments. This lesson explores the history of this concept, examining a variety of court cases since the nation's founding.

What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits

3. What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits

A Federal Government is a nation's system of designating power, whether to a central government or local state government. Learn the benefits of power distribution through a case example (The United States), and explore the structure and benefits of a federal government system.

What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges

4. What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges

Towns, cities, counties, and districts are run by local governments with different types of authority and leadership. Understand the definition of local governments, and examine the responsibilities and challenges of the county and municipal types of governments.

Local Government Boundaries: Cultural & Political Influence

5. Local Government Boundaries: Cultural & Political Influence

Local governments have learned to set their regions with boundaries, formally known as delimitation, which is affected by cultural or economic activity. Learn more about local government boundaries and their cultural and political influences.

Criminal Justice & Social Justice: The Issues of Equity & Fairness

6. Criminal Justice & Social Justice: The Issues of Equity & Fairness

Social and criminal justice help codify right and wrong, ensuring that members of society receive equitable treatment. Learn to define social and criminal justice, then explore the issues of equity and fairness under the law.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Support