Ch 5: Political Movements (1700-Present) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

The lessons of this chapter have been put together to help you review the different political movements that have shaped modern politics and the people behind them. Use these lessons to prepare for related questions on MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy exam.

Political Movements (1700-Present) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Follow along with these short, engaging lesson videos to refresh your knowledge of the different political movements since the 18th century. In them, our expert instructors will explain what the principles of these movements were and talk about the men and women who started them. After this chapter, you should be prepared for exam questions about:

  • Influential leaders of the Enlightenment in Europe
  • Constitutional monarchies and the rights of man under a civil constitution
  • John Stuart Mill and his theories of utilitarianism
  • American democracies
  • Accomplishments of Mohandas Gandhi
  • Ayn Rand, James Rachels and the development of Egoism
  • John Rawls' work, A Theory of Justice
  • Other influential people including Friedrich Nietzsche, Vladimir Lenin and Hannah Arendt

Following the lessons, you may reinforce your understanding of the these leaders and their political movements by reading the lesson transcripts. Then take the lesson quizzes to determine how well you retained the information presented. Review your quiz results to discover topics you don't understand and return to the parts of the lessons that explain these topics with the video tags.

Political Movements (1700-Present) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy Objectives

The Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure (MTEL) Political Science/Political Philosophy exam is used to determine if individuals wanting to become political science teachers know what they need to know about political science and political philosophy. You will be asked to complete 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response questions in a four-hour testing session. Fifteen percent of these questions will assess your understanding of political philosophy and another 20% will assess your knowledge of history. Use this chapter to prepare for questions about the political movements since the 1700s in these two content domains.

14 Lessons in Chapter 5: Political Movements (1700-Present) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact & Works

1. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact & Works

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most important philosophers of the Enlightenment period. Learn about his important works, his main ideas, and how he influenced other philosophers, movements, and governments in this lesson.

Baron De Montesquieu: Ideas, Accomplishments & Facts

2. Baron De Montesquieu: Ideas, Accomplishments & Facts

In this lesson we will learn who Baron de Montesquieu was. Together, we will take a closer look at his history, his personal life and his legacy. We will analyze his works and the impact they have made on legal philosophy and modern-day constitutional law.

Voltaire's Candide: Summary & Analysis

3. Voltaire's Candide: Summary & Analysis

Why is this short 18th-Century comedic novel not only an important work of literature but also one of the top-10 banned books of all time? Explore the wacky characters and shocking story line that is one of France's most recognizable contributions to world culture.

The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution

4. The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution

In this lesson, we will study the moderate phase of the French Revolution, focusing specifically on the Tennis Court Oath, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, and the constitutional monarchy.

Simon Bolivar: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments

5. Simon Bolivar: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments

Explore the life and legacy of the Venezuelan revolutionary Simon Bolivar, and test your understanding of South American independence movements in the 19th century after completing this lesson.

John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism, Quotes and Theory

6. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism, Quotes and Theory

Join us for this analysis of nineteenth century British philosopher John Stuart Mill, whose radical political and ethical ideas based in utilitarianism have had a profound effect in the final frontier and on our current political landscape.

Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville

7. Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville

In this lesson, we'll learn about Alexis de Tocqueville, a Frenchman who wrote a book about his observations of American society during the Jackson era.

Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil: Summary & Concepts

8. Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil: Summary & Concepts

Nietzsche was a German philosopher during the 19th century who wrote heavily on consciousness, religion, science, and morals. In 1886, he self-funded the publication of 'Beyond Good and Evil,' the book we will discuss in this lesson.

Vladimir Lenin: Biography, Facts & Quotes

9. Vladimir Lenin: Biography, Facts & Quotes

Vladimir Lenin was a Russian radical who led the Russian Revolution that overthrew the post-czar, provisional government. Read on to learn more about the architect and first leader of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, and then test your own knowledge of Vladimir Lenin with a brief quiz.

Hannah Arendt: Biography, Ideas & Impact

10. Hannah Arendt: Biography, Ideas & Impact

Hannah Arendt was an influential twentieth century philosopher whose works focused on political views in society. This lesson will familiarize you with her work and help you understand Arendt's major philosophical viewpoints.

Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

11. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.

Orwell's 1984: Summary and Analysis

12. Orwell's 1984: Summary and Analysis

In this lesson, we will summarize George Orwell's novel 1984. We will then analyze the themes of the story, as well as the setting, tone, and characters.

Egoism, Ayn Rand & James Rachels

13. Egoism, Ayn Rand & James Rachels

In this lesson, we look at two opposing views of the topic of egoism, including one that has generated a great deal of controversy for advocating selfishness.

John Rawls' 'A Theory of Justice'

14. John Rawls' 'A Theory of Justice'

Does your position in society affect how you think about justice? This lesson looks at a thought experiment proposed by John Rawls that involves imagining social justice from a new perspective.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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