About This Chapter
Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary
Our instructors have created a series of engaging lessons you can access 24/7 to ensure you comprehend major concepts and theories in political philosophy. Study the works of classical philosophers, examine the impact of Aristotle's political philosophy, and grasp the definition of Marxist theory. Our multiple-choice quizzes can quickly test your knowledge of political philosophy, and our subject-matter experts can answer any lesson questions you have. If you want to gauge your understanding of this chapter, feel free to take our practice exam. When you're finished with the chapter, you will be able to:
- Discuss the political ideas and influence of classical philosophers
- Summarize and explain The Republic by Plato
- Describe the effect of Aristotle's political philosophy on different academic disciplines
- Detail Confucianism concepts from Jen and Li and discuss the Five Key Relationships of Confucianism
- Outline Hobbes, Hume and Locke's views on the social contract
- Explain the ideas of major political thinkers of the Enlightenment
- Define Marxist theory and discuss its impact on politics
1. Classical Philosophers: Political Ideas & Influence
In this lesson we will learn about classical Greek philosophers. We will highlight their key philosophical contributions, explore their views on politics, and see how their ideas have influenced modern thinking.
2. The Republic by Plato: Summary & Explanation
What is justice? Is it a concept based on the behavior of humans individually, or is it an all-encompassing concept without variation for all mankind? This lesson reviews what Socrates and friends had to say about justice in ''The Republic.''
3. The Impact of Aristotle's Political Philosophy
Aristotle was one of the most influential scholars in human history, and he contributed to dozens of academic disciplines. Explore his impact on political philosophy, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Jen, Li, and the Five Relationships of Confucianism
This lesson will focus on Confucianism's concepts of Jen and Li. In doing so, it will highlight how the religion is often seen as a code of conduct or an ethical system. It will also explain the Five Key Relationships of Confucianism.
5. The Social Contract According to Hobbes, Hume & Locke
Have you ever wondered why human beings are willing to live by the laws of a governmental system? In this lesson, consider questions about what life would be like without government and how human beings may have come to agree to live in a society of rules.
6. Political Thinkers of the Enlightenment
In this lesson, you will explore the ideas of major political thinkers who lived and wrote during the Enlightenment in Europe. Then, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
7. Marxist Theory: Definition & Impact on Politics
One of the most controversial theories of international relations in the Western world is Marxism. In this lesson, you'll learn about Marxism, its principles, its role in international relations and its strengths and weaknesses.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 101: Intro to Philosophy course
- Introduction to Philosophy & Logic
- Types of Fallacies
- Free Will & Determinism
- Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
- God in Philosophy
- Religion & Philosophy
- Reality in Philosophy
- Philosophy in Science
- Intro to Epistemology
- Ancient Epistemology
- Modern Epistemology
- Contemporary Epistemology
- Philosophy & Social Justice
- Studying for Philosophy 101