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Ch 54: Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science

About This Chapter

Review notable figures and theorists in political science at your convenience using this engaging chapter. Whether you're working on a paper or preparing for an exam, the lessons and quizzes in this mobile-friendly chapter can help.

Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science - Chapter Summary

In this chapter on theorists and figures in political science, you'll find a collection of lessons designed to make these topics easy to understand. You'll take a look at the philosophy of Aristotle and and the beliefs of Mohandas Gandhi, among other notable thinkers. After finishing these videos, you should be ready to:

  • Discuss Machiavelli and the lessons of the Italian wars
  • Differentiate between the competing views of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
  • Detail the theories and philosophy of Baron de Montesquieu
  • Outline Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville
  • Explain Karl Marx's theories on class differentiation and socialism
  • Identify the rise of communism and Vladimir Lenin
  • Describe the accomplishments and assassination of Mohandas Gandhi
  • Define the reasons why George Orwell wrote 1984

Our experienced educators ensure these topics are presented in an easy-to-follow and interesting way. Take your time as you view the lessons and feel free to go back or forwards to specific points in the videos using the timeline feature. Along with each lesson, we've included a helpful self-assessment quiz that gives you a sense of how you might do on an upcoming test.

9 Lessons in Chapter 54: Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy

1. Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy

Considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of Western culture, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle merged science and philosophy to develop a logical and virtuous means of understanding and living in our world.

Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

2. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

3. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.

Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

4. Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the the French Enlightenment's foremost political theorist, Charles-Louis de Secondat - more commonly known as Montesquieu.

Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville

5. Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville

In this lesson, we'll learn about Alexis de Tocqueville, a Frenchman who wrote a book about his observations of American society during the Jackson era.

Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism

6. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism

In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.

The Rise of Communism & Vladimir Lenin

7. The Rise of Communism & Vladimir Lenin

In this lesson, we will examine the role Vladimir Lenin played as a leading architect of the communist system. We will explore his involvement in the Russian Revolution and the establishment of Soviet Russia.

Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

8. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.

Why George Orwell Wrote 1984

9. Why George Orwell Wrote 1984

This lesson discusses George Orwell and his dystopian novel, 1984, with particular focus on Orwell's views on the world and how they contributed to his writing.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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