About This Chapter
Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science - Chapter Summary
In this chapter on theorists and figures in political science, you'll find a collection of lessons designed to make these topics easy to understand. You'll take a look at the philosophy of Aristotle and and the beliefs of Mohandas Gandhi, among other notable thinkers. After finishing these videos, you should be ready to:
- Discuss Machiavelli and the lessons of the Italian wars
- Differentiate between the competing views of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
- Detail the theories and philosophy of Baron de Montesquieu
- Outline Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville
- Explain Karl Marx's theories on class differentiation and socialism
- Identify the rise of communism and Vladimir Lenin
- Describe the accomplishments and assassination of Mohandas Gandhi
- Define the reasons why George Orwell wrote 1984
Our experienced educators ensure these topics are presented in an easy-to-follow and interesting way. Take your time as you view the lessons and feel free to go back or forwards to specific points in the videos using the timeline feature. Along with each lesson, we've included a helpful self-assessment quiz that gives you a sense of how you might do on an upcoming test.
1. Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy
Considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of Western culture, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle merged science and philosophy to develop a logical and virtuous means of understanding and living in our world.
2. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars
This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.
3. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
4. Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy
In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the the French Enlightenment's foremost political theorist, Charles-Louis de Secondat - more commonly known as Montesquieu.
5. Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville
In this lesson, we'll learn about Alexis de Tocqueville, a Frenchman who wrote a book about his observations of American society during the Jackson era.
6. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.
7. The Rise of Communism & Vladimir Lenin
In this lesson, we will examine the role Vladimir Lenin played as a leading architect of the communist system. We will explore his involvement in the Russian Revolution and the establishment of Soviet Russia.
8. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination
In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.
9. Why George Orwell Wrote 1984
This lesson discusses George Orwell and his dystopian novel, 1984, with particular focus on Orwell's views on the world and how they contributed to his writing.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Ancient India & China
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Overview of Global Religions
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- Major Revolutions Around the World
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
- The Precontact Period & Settling North America
- Causes & Consequences of the American Revolution
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
- The American Progressive Era
- American Imperialism & Rise to International Power
- The 1920s in the U.S.
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- U.S. Foreign Policy since World War II
- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Major Social & Political U.S. Movements During the Postwar Period
- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Characteristics of World Geography
- Physical Features of the Earth
- Elements of Weather & Climate
- Natural Resources Around the World
- Human Societies & the Environment
- Current Environmental Problems
- Characteristics of Human Systems
- Basic Political Science Terms & Concepts
- Systems of Government
- Comparison of Political Systems
- Key Political Documents
- Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- U.S. Electoral System & Political Process Participation
- U.S. Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities
- Levels of U.S. Government
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- Microeconomics Concepts & Laws
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Operation of Business Firms
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- Fundamentals of Personal Finance
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