About This Chapter
Population & Demographic Changes - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Ensure you understand population and demographic changes by studying this chapter. Our lessons will help you study the theories and trends associated with these changes. You can use this chapter to find out more about:
- Changes from fertility, birthrates, aging, death and migration
- How an aging population affects global trends
- The demographic balancing equation and the population pyramid
- The theory of demographic transition and its stages
- Malthusian's theory of population growth
|Demographic Changes from Fertility and Birthrates||Evaluate how fertility and birthrates can change demographics.|
|Population Change from Aging, Death, and Migration||Break down the various population changes brought about by aging, death and migration through reviewing the formula used to calculate the rate of natural increase/ natural increase rate.|
|Global Trends in an Aging Population||Focus on the global effects of an aging population on culture and in industrialized nations.|
|Demographic Balancing Equation, Natural Increase & Net Migration||Analyze the demographic balancing equation. Learn more about natural increase, as well as net migration rates.|
|What Is Demographic Transition? - Definition & Stages||Prepare to learn more about the stages of demographic transition as countries move towards industrialization.|
|The Theory of Demographic Transition: Overview||Assess the theory of demographic transition.|
|Malthusian Theory of Population Growth: Definition & Overview||Consider the importance of Malthusian's theory of population growth.|
|The Population Pyramid||Classify the uses of the population pyramid and review examples.|
1. Demographic Changes from Fertility and Birthrates
Demographers focus on specific indicators of change in human populations. Two of the most important indicators are birth and death rates, or fertility and mortality. In this lesson, we will discuss the definitions of demography, fertility and mortality and their impact on a population.
2. Population Change from Aging, Death, and Migration
Fertility, mortality and migration are principal determinants of how a population can change, and they are at the very core of demographic studies. In this lesson, we will discuss how a population can change from fertility (birth), mortality (death), and migration.
3. Global Trends in an Aging Population
In this lesson we look at global trends that are occurring with the elderly, as well as specific issues that affect industrialized and developing nations. Lastly, we look at how culture is affected by all of this.
4. Demographic Balancing Equation, Natural Increase & Net Migration
How do we figure out the population on a year-to-year basis? Explore the ideas behind the demographic balancing equation, natural increase, and net migration in this lesson. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. What Is Demographic Transition? - Definition & Stages
There are many differences between non-industrial and industrial countries. In this lesson, we will explore the concept of demographic transition and the stages that guide a country through its changes into an industrial country.
6. The Theory of Demographic Transition: Overview
Populations change over time. The growth or decline of a population can have an effect on the quality of life for people within that population. In this lesson, you'll learn about the theory of demographic transition, which is a model used to study and predict population changes.
7. Malthusian Theory of Population Growth: Definition & Overview
Known for his work on population growth, Thomas Robert Malthus argued that if left unchecked, a population will outgrow its resources, leading to a host of problems. In this lesson, we will define and discuss the Malthusian theory of population growth.
8. The Population Pyramid
In this lesson, we look at what a population pyramid is, how to read it, some interesting features about them, and what are some prototypical examples of them.
9. Explanations for Mortality Decline: Comparisons & Evidence
Across the world, people are dying at a slower rate. This is good to hear, but researchers want to know why, and they have developed a few theories to explain it. Explore some of these, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
10. Dependency Ratio: Definition, Calculations & Interpretations
In this lesson, you will explore the dependency ratio and discover what it calculates, why we need it, and how to use it. Then, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the AP Human Geography: Exam Prep course
- Introduction to Geography Concepts
- Geographic Maps, Tools and Technology
- Overview of Human-Environmental Interaction
- Population & Migration
- The Components of Culture
- Cultural Identity
- Cultural Geography
- Politics, Nations & Geography
- Land Survey Methods
- Agricultural Revolutions & Domestication
- Agricultural Geography
- Issues in Contemporary Agriculture
- Theories of Economic Development
- Industrialization & Economic Development
- The World Economy
- Cities & Urban Land Use
- AP Human Geography Flashcards