About This Chapter
Europe after WWII - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Video lessons and transcripts included in this chapter can help you review the state of Europe immediately after World War II and right up through the Cold War's end. Instructors discuss the political realignments in Eastern Europe and the emergence of new nations in Africa and Asia. You can also learn about the reforms designed to boost struggling economies in Western Europe. This chapter is designed to help you understand the following:
- Soviet influence in Eastern Europe
- Decolonization in Asia and Africa
- Italy and Great Britain's economic reforms
- Legacies of Thatcher and Khrushchev
|Post-war Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression||Explore causes of social unrest and economic instability in Poland.|
|Post-war Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence||Examine the coup of 1948, Soviet political and economic influences, the Velvet Revolution and the eventual dissolution of Czechoslovakia.|
|Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics||Follow the rise of communism in Yugoslavia, escalating tensions between ethnic groups and the resulting wars for independence.|
|Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa & Algeria||Study causes of decolonization and the growth of nationalism in Africa and Asia after World War II.|
|Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan||Survey the causes of decolonization and nationalism in these areas following the end of the World War II.|
|European Union Expansion: Events & Timelines||Outline the parameters of the European Union's authority and follow this organization's expansion.|
|Post-war Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy||Explain reforms to Great Britain's industry and economy following World War II.|
|The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday||Get on overview of the Troubles in Ireland. Examine the clashes between protesters and the British Army on Bloody Sunday.|
|Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher: Influence and Impact on Great Britain||Identify characteristics of the Thatcher administration and her impact as a female prime minister.|
|Post-war Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding||Outline the political, social and economic developments in Italy after World War II.|
1. Post-war Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression
In this lesson, we explore the history of Poland after WWII, from its occupation by the Soviet Union and subsequent Soviet influence upon Polish government to the Solidarity movement and Lech Walesa.
2. Post-war Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence
In this lesson, we explore the history and politics of Czechoslovakia from World War II until the country's eventual dissolution only a few short years after the fall of communism and the removal of Soviet influence.
3. Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics
In this lesson, we explore the rise of communism in Yugoslavia after the expulsion of the German invaders after WWII. We'll then look at its subsequent problems with ethnic violence and its eventual dissolution in the 1990s.
4. Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa & Algeria
In this lesson, we explore the concepts of nationalism and national self-determination and how they affected the decolonization of the Middle East and Africa in the second half of the 20th century.
5. Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan
In this lesson, we explore the nature of nationalism in the colonial world and its various manifestations in South and Southeast Asia during the second half of the 20th century.
6. European Union Expansion: Events & Timelines
In this lesson, we briefly explore the piecemeal formation of the EU and discuss the nature of the Union today and its role as the political authority for most of Europe.
7. Post-war Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy
In this lesson, we explore the political developments in Great Britain after World War II and the development of the British welfare state under the direction of the Labour Party and Clement Attlee.
8. The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday
In this lesson, we explore the centuries-old rivalry between Catholics and Protestants in Ireland, and the political and military struggle for the six northernmost counties in Ireland during the thirty-year period known as 'The Troubles.'
9. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher: Influence and Impact on Great Britain
In this lesson, we explore the life and political career of Great Britain's first female prime minister, Margaret Thatcher. A staunch conservative, her controversial policies guided Britain through one of its toughest economic times.
10. Post-war Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding
In this lesson we explore the post-WWII rebuilding of the Italian economy, the restructuring of its fundamental political structures, and its close partnership with the U.S. in the Cold War world.
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Other chapters within the History 109: Western Europe Since 1945 course
- Review of World War II
- The Cold War in Western & Eastern Europe
- The End of the Cold War
- The History of the European Union
- The Institutions of The European Union (EU)
- European Government, Political Processes, and Institutions
- European Political Parties
- European Issues and Policies
- Government of the United Kingdom
- Government of France
- Government of Spain
- Government of Germany
- Government of Italy