About This Chapter
Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Video lessons included in this chapter explore the military conflicts, political struggles, and land grabs occurring among the region's key players during the roughly 100-year period spanning the mid-17th and 18th centuries. Watch as instructors illustrate the power struggles that occured between various German states and discuss the influence of Western Europe on Russia and its leaders. After completing this chapter, you should be able to identify:
- Characteristics of the Holy Roman and Ottoman Empires
- Factors contributing to the rise of Prussia and Austria's Hapsburg monarchy
- Cultural and military reforms instituted by Peter the Great
- Causes and effects of Poland's annexation
|Characteristics of Old Empires in the Mid-17th Century||Describes characteristics of the Holy Roman Empire, German states, Poland and the Ottoman Empire in the mid-17th century.|
|The Rise of Austria||Details the strengthening of the Hapsburg Monarchy and Austria's rise to become the most prominent of the German states.|
|The Creation of Prussia: History & Timeline||Depicts the unification of Prussia and its rise to military power.|
|Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia||Recounts the Westernization of Russia during the reign of Peter the Great.|
|The Partition of Poland||Explains how and why Russia, Austria, and Prussia divided up Poland.|
1. Old Empires in the Mid-17th Century: History, Timeline & Characteristics
In this lesson, we discuss the old empires of Central and Eastern Europe in the 17th century: Poland, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. In discussing the Holy Roman Empire's decline, we also preview the two states that filled the power vacuum its failure created.
2. The Rise of Austria & Strengthening of the Hapsburg Monarchy
In this lesson, we explore the rise of the Austrian state in the second half of the 17th and first half of the 18th centuries. Austrian expansion and government centralization turned it into one of Europe's foremost powers by 1740.
3. The Creation of Prussia: History & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the creation and rise of the Prussian state during the 17th and early 18th centuries. The keen reforms of the Hohenzollern rulers built Prussia into a fearsome state; one that would later form the backbone of modern Germany.
4. Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History
In this lesson, we explore the reign of arguably Russia's greatest monarch, Peter the Great. We'll also look at the westernization of Russian life and government that he implemented.
5. The Partition of Poland: History, Timeline & Causes
In this lesson, we explore the 3-part Partition of Poland, where Austria, Russia and Prussia divided Polish territory among themselves in the late 18th century until Poland ceased to exist.
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Other chapters within the History 102: Western Civilization II course
- Introduction to Western Civilization II
- Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte (1780-1815)
- Industrialization (1700-1900)
- Political Developments (1760-1848)
- The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- European Life and Trends (1850-1914)
- Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries
- World War I (1914-1919)
- Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
- World War II (1939-1945)
- Western Civilization Since 1945
- Studying for History 102