About This Chapter
Praxis Early Childhood Education: Culture & Identity - Chapter Summary
Lessons in this chapter focus on defining culture and identity, including the elements, subsets and perceptions of culture. The instructors prepare you for the following on the Praxis Early Childhood Education Test:
- Defining material and nonmaterial culture
- Explaining the major elements of culture
- Examining cultural subsets, including high culture, popular culture and counterculture
- Analyzing theoretical approaches to culture
- Differentiating between real culture and ideal culture
- Perceptions of time in culture
- Interpreting visual representations of historical data
Our experienced instructors break complex subject matter into small, easier-to-grasp components to help you quickly master the presented materials. You'll find text lessons and transcripts, as well as video lessons that use entertaining visuals to aid the learning process.
Praxis Early Childhood Education: Culture & Identity - Chapter Objectives
Some states require beginning early childhood educators to demonstrate their knowledge of six content subject areas by taking the Praxis Early Childhood Content Knowledge test. The social studies content area, which includes questions about culture and cultural identity, accounts for 13% of the test. Our video lessons, brief and informative, provide a time-effective way to study for these types of questions.
The test, offered in a computer format, consists of 120 selected response questions. Selected response questions might include multiple choice, typing numbers in a text box, clicking on parts of graphics, or check marking answers. Test sessions are two hours long.
1. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.
2. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture
Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.
3. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism
In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.
4. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism
The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.
5. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches
In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.
6. Culture and the Individual: Real Culture vs. Ideal Culture
This lesson will seek to explain the difference between ideal and real culture. In doing so, it will give an example of each, while also defining the terms culture and norm.
7. How Emotions Differ Across Cultures
Every country and culture expresses emotions in different ways. This is a constantly growing issue for international organizations. In this lesson, we will describe some of these differences.
8. Cultural Perceptions of Time in Organizations: Monochronic and Polychronic Time
Different cultures view time and how it is used in a work environment differently. Some cultures view time as being very concrete and formal, while others view it as just a part of their overall lives. These two perspectives can and do clash when it comes to a business environment.
9. How to Interpret Visual Representations of Historical Data
Think that historians only rely on dense textbooks full of nothing but words, dates, and more words? Think again. Historians actually use a variety of visual representations, ranging from images that they create to visuals that are sources themselves.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Early Childhood Education Test (5025): Practice & Study Guide course
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Language Development
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Reading & Literature
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Learning Disorders
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Spelling Development
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Writing Development
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Sentence Structure
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Grammar
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Punctuation
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Writing Conventions
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Mathematical Thinking
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Foundations of Math
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Geometry
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Data & Statistics
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Identity Development
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Geography Overview
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Earth Facts & Concepts
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Spatial Processes
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Civics & Government
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Science
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Health & Physical Education
- Praxis Early Childhood Education: Creative & Performing Arts
- Praxis Early Childhood Education Test Flashcards