About This Chapter
Praxis Business: Role of the Government in Economics - Chapter Summary
Make use of the lessons in this chapter to review essential concepts related to the government's role in economics. The following topics are included in this study:
- Fiscal policy: Keynesian revolution, tools and effects on unemployment
- Progressive tax code
- Automatic stabilizers in economics
- Using fiscal and monetary policies to manage the economy
- Federal Reserve and open market operations
- Reserve ratio's effects on the money supply
- Monetary policy and the discount rate
- Banking regulations
This chapter gives you definitions and examples of key concepts about the government's role in our economic system. Complete the short quiz at the end of each lesson to check for understanding.
Praxis Business: Role of the Government in Economics Objectives
This Praxis content knowledge test assesses your understanding of many business-related topics. The portion related to economics comprises about 10% of the test, or approximately 12 questions of the 120-question exam. The questions are multiple-choice, and you may choose to complete the paper or computer-delivered version of the test. Your exam will check for mastery of the following economics topics:
- Government roles
- Economic indicators
- Allocation of resources
- Various economic systems
- Types of market structures
Use this chapter to review the role of the government in economics. In addition, look at our other economics chapters for the complete picture. Use the self-assessing quizzes to check for any topics needing more attention before you take the test.
1. Fiscal Policy: The Keynesian Revolution
In this lesson, you'll learn how the government uses stabilization policy to smooth out the ups and downs of the business cycles. In stark opposition to the Classical approach, this Keynesian approach favors taking immediate action to stabilize a troubled economy.
2. Fiscal Policy Tools: Government Spending and Taxes
Discover the three main tools the government uses to address recessionary and inflationary economies - what economists call fiscal policy. Find out how these tools are used to help the economy in different situations.
3. Fiscal Policy and the Effects on Unemployment
Review what fiscal policy is and how the two key components of fiscal policy can be used to influence unemployment. Find out when and how fiscal policy can be used and why it is so important.
4. Understanding the Progressive Tax Code
In this lesson, learn what a progressive tax code is, how to recognize it, and what the alternatives are. Then, learn the differences between the three tax codes: progressive, regressive and proportional. Finally, learn how sales tax would impact progressivity.
5. Automatic Stabilizers in Economics: Definition & Examples
Watch this lesson to learn about the features that are built into the tax code and the government's budget that help offset declines in aggregate demand during recessions. Referred to as automatic stabilizers, they also address the needs of individuals facing hard times.
6. Managing the Economy with Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Learn what fiscal and monetary policy are and how they are used to manage the economy. Find out the goals of these policies and some of the tools that each use to help you find a job and influence the amount of money in your pocket.
7. Open Market Operations & the Federal Reserve: Definition & Examples
This lesson explains the most frequently used monetary policy tool of the central bank, open market operations. Using examples, you'll go inside the formula of the money multiplier and see how the Federal Reserve effectively controls the interest rate of the economy.
8. How the Reserve Ratio Affects the Money Supply
Where does our supply of money come from. Well, it's in the hands of the Federal Reserve. In this lesson, discover how the central bank can dramatically alter the supply of money in the economy by changing the reserve requirements of the banks it oversees.
9. The Discount Rate & Monetary Policy: How Banks Can Borrow Money from the Federal Reserve
Learn more about the discount rate, which is the rate that banks pay to the central bank when borrowing money. This lesson explains how changes in the discount rate affect the money supply and how the central bank can use the discount rate as part of monetary policy.
10. How the Federal Reserve Changes the Money Supply and Affects Interest Rates
Discover the connection between the money supply and economic output and how the central bank's tools lead to an increase or decrease in real GDP via expansionary and contractionary monetary policy.
11. Safeguards & Controls of Banking Activities
Money is one of the most highly valued items a person has. Is that money safe when it is deposited in a bank? In this lesson, you'll learn how banks safeguard your money so that you can be confident with every deposit you make.
12. What is Monetary Policy? - Definition, Role & Effects
National governments have a couple of tools they can use to steer an economy. Monetary policy is one of those tools. In this lesson, you'll learn what monetary policy is and discover its role and its effects. A short quiz follows the lesson.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Business Education - Content Knowledge (5101): Practice & Study Guide course
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- Praxis Business: Personal Finance
- Praxis Business: Business Finance
- Praxis Business: Foundations of Communication
- Praxis Business: Written & Oral Communication
- Praxis Business: Employment Communication & Career Research
- Praxis Business: Economic Allocation of Resources
- Praxis Business: Economic Systems & Market Structures
- Praxis Business: Economic Indicators of Growth
- Praxis Business: Entrepreneurship
- Praxis Business: Information Technology Operations and Concepts
- Praxis Business: Technology Tools
- Praxis Business: Computer Applications
- Praxis Business: Programming & Design
- Praxis Business: Foundations of International Business
- Praxis Business: International Business Environment
- Praxis Business: Contract Law
- Praxis Business: Consumer & Computer Law
- Praxis Business: US Court System
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- Praxis: Professional Business Education
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