Copyright

Ch 17: Praxis Environmental Education: Soil, Rocks & Plate Tectonics

About This Chapter

Use our video lessons and quizzes to help you understand plate tectonics, the Earth's layers, the rock cycle, and more. Study how to apply these concepts to the environmental science education skills you'll demonstrate on the Praxis: Environmental Education exam.

Praxis Environmental Education: Soil, Rocks, and Plate Tectonics

Use the lessons in this chapter to help you review the facts about the tectonic plates and their movement, earthquakes, volcanoes, the structure of the Earth's layers, and more. You'll learn about theories of the formation of the Earth and a timeline of the major eras in Earth's geological history to prepare you for the Praxis environmental education exam. The videos in this chapter cover these topics:

  • The formation and composition of soil: Definition and factors
  • Textures of soil: Sand, silt, and clay
  • Plate tectonics: A unified theory for change of the Earth's surface
  • Causes of tectonic plate movement
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: Evidence of Earth's inner layers
  • Plate boundaries: Convergent, divergent, and transform boundaries
  • Rock cycle: Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic Rocks
  • Effect of erosion and deposition on landforms
  • Formation of the Earth: Theories
  • The history of life on Earth: Timeline and characteristics of major eras

Objectives of the Praxis: Environmental Education

The Praxis: Environmental Education exam tests your environmental science education knowledge and your general teaching skills. Your score on the test helps determine your eligibility for K-12 teacher licensing or certification, as required by the state in which you'll teach, or for some professional teaching organizations that require it.

Questions pertaining to this chapter appear on the 'Earth and Physical Sciences as Relevant to Environmental Science Education' portion of the exam. This portion makes up about 13% of the total exam, or about 17 questions.

You'll answer 130 multiple-choice questions on the test in all. Use the self-assessment quizzes included with each lesson in this chapter to see how well you're learning the material and gain experience with the kinds of questions you'll see on the actual exam.

9 Lessons in Chapter 17: Praxis Environmental Education: Soil, Rocks & Plate Tectonics
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors

1. The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors

While the term 'soil' is often simply associated with dirt, it is actually a complex mixture of elements that has unique physical characteristics. Learn what soil really is and explore its layers and how different factors contribute to its formation.

Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

2. Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

Plate tectonics involve a unifying theory of how the surface of the earth changes. Explore this theory, what causes plates to move, and learn about the term lithosphere, asthenosphere, mantle, and core.

Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

3. Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

Tectonic plates are huge moving pieces of the Earth's crust and there are different mechanisms that can explain the causes of their movement. Learn about the different forces and mechanisms involved in the plate movement process, including thermal convection, ridge push, slab pull, and trench suction.

Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Evidence of Earth's Inner Layers

4. Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Evidence of Earth's Inner Layers

Volcanoes, rising high above the ground, and the earthquakes that shake many cities on the surface reveal some of the secrets to the inside layers of the earth. The characteristics of volcanic magma, such as silica and explosivity, are studied as evidence along with S waves, P waves, and the shadow zone of an earthquake to generate the models we know of the center of the earth.

Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

5. Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

The three types of plate boundaries are divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries. Explore these boundaries, the theory of plate tectonics, and how convection currents cause the Earth's plates to move.

Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks

6. Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks

The rock cycle describes the creation, alteration and destruction of the rocks that form from magma. Learn more about the rock cycle, including the three main rock types - igneous (magma that solidifies), sedimentary (rock made from eroded materials that are cemented together), and metamorphic (rocks that are transformed into new substances when exposed to intense heat and pressure) - and how they are formed.

Effect of Erosion and Deposition on Landforms

7. Effect of Erosion and Deposition on Landforms

Erosion and deposition affect landforms through the movement of broken-down rock from place to place, and the laying down of broken rock. Explore the process and differences between mechanical and chemical weathering and learn about landforms and how erosion and deposition affect landforms.

Formation of the Earth: Theories

8. Formation of the Earth: Theories

The planet Earth has over 4 billion years of existence and its existence derives from interstellar dust and gas. Explore the theories that explain how the planet Earth was formed, including how it differentiated into three layers, how it formed its atmosphere, water, and land features, and how it continues to evolve today.

The History of Life on Earth: Timeline and Characteristics of Major Eras

9. The History of Life on Earth: Timeline and Characteristics of Major Eras

Life on Earth started millions of years ago and these periods are classified into several major eras defined by the characteristics of the organisms existing within the appropriate timelines. Learn about the characteristics of different organisms that existed during major timelines in history.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Praxis Environmental Education: Practice and Study Guide course

Support