# Ch 32: Praxis Mathematics: Congruence, Similarity and Transformations

### About This Chapter

## Praxis Mathematics: Content Knowledge - Congruence and Similarity: Chapter Summary

Prospective high school mathematics teachers who need a refresher on congruence and similarity before taking the Praxis Mathematics: Content Knowledge test can utilize this chapter. Featured video lessons will teach you about congruence and corresponding pairs of sides or angles. You'll also learn how to determine whether triangles are congruent using the ASA (angle side angle), SAS (side angle side) and SSS (side side side) methods. Other topics of study include proving similarity theorems about triangles and recognizing similarity in circles.

### Praxis Mathematics: Content Knowledge - Congruence and Similarity Objectives

A number of states use the Praxis Mathematics: Content Knowledge test in their certification process for high school mathematics teachers. This test is offered in a computer-based format in various 12-day windows throughout the year and in a paper-based format four times a year. Test-takers have two hours to complete 50 multiple-choice questions, some of which require a graphing calculator. Questions about congruence and similarity might be included in the geometry content category, which makes up approximately ten percent of this Praxis test.

Our chapter on congruence and similarity is taught by experienced professional math instructors. Each lesson in this chapter includes a video presentation and a corresponding self-assessment quiz. The quiz is designed to familiarize you with the types of questions you might encounter in the geometry section of the Praxis.

### 1. Properties of Congruent and Similar Shapes

In this lesson, we'll look at triangles, rectangles and other shapes that share properties. This includes both congruent and similar shapes. We'll also practice identifying the missing properties of these shapes.

### 2. Congruence Proofs: Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles

Congruent triangles have congruent sides and angles, and the sides and angles of one triangle correspond to their twins in the other. In this lesson, we'll try practice with some geometric proofs based around this theorem.

### 3. Triangle Congruence Postulates: SAS, ASA & SSS

When we have two triangles, how can we tell if they're congruent? They may look the same, but you can be certain by using one of several triangle congruence postulates, such as SSS, SAS or ASA.

### 4. The HL (Hypotenuse Leg) Theorem: Definition, Proof, & Examples

In this lesson, we'll learn about the hypotenuse leg theorem. This theorem enables us to prove two right triangles are congruent based on just two sides.

### 5. The HA (Hypotenuse Angle) Theorem: Proof, Explanation, & Examples

In this lesson, we'll learn about the hypotenuse angle theorem. With this theorem, we can prove two right triangles are congruent with just congruent hypotenuses and acute angles.

### 6. The AAS (Angle-Angle-Side) Theorem: Proof and Examples

When trying to find out if triangles are congruent, it's helpful to have as many tools as possible. In this lesson, we'll add to our congruence toolbox by learning about the AAS theorem, or angle-angle-side.

### 7. Constructing Similar Polygons

This lesson will teach you how to construct similar polygons, which are very useful in many quantitative fields. You'll learn that all of this has something to do with, of all things, snowflakes!

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Praxis Mathematics - Content Knowledge (5161): Practice & Study Guide course

- Praxis Mathematics: Counting Numbers Properties
- Praxis Mathematics: Rational and Irrational Numbers
- Praxis Mathematics: Solving Problems with Reasoning
- Praxis Mathematics: Percents
- Praxis Mathematics: Ratios and Proportions
- Praxis Mathematics: Scientific Notation & Order of Magnitude
- Praxis Mathematics: Algebraic Expressions
- Praxis Mathematics: Algebraic Equations
- Praxis Mathematics: Algebraic Fractions
- Praxis Mathematics: Linear Equations
- Praxis Mathematics: Systems of Equations
- Praxis Mathematics: Radicals Operations
- Praxis Mathematics: Exponents
- Praxis Mathematics: Distance
- Praxis Mathematics: Functions
- Praxis Mathematics: Inverse Functions
- Praxis Mathematics: Logarithmic Functions
- Praxis Mathematics: Rational Functions
- Praxis Mathematics: Complex Numbers Operations
- Praxis Mathematics: Sequences, Series & Probability
- Praxis Mathematics: Combinations & Permutations
- Praxis Mathematics: Quadratic Equations
- Praxis Mathematics: Polynomials
- Praxis Mathematics: Matrix Algebra
- Praxis Mathematics: Algebraic Formulas
- Praxis Mathematics: Measurement
- Praxis Mathematics: Area
- Praxis Mathematics: Polygons
- Praxis Mathematics: Quadrilaterals
- Praxis Mathematics: Circles
- Praxis Mathematics: Triangles
- Praxis Mathematics: Three-Dimensional Space and Volume
- Praxis Mathematics: Data
- Praxis Mathematics: Distributions
- Praxis Mathematics: Graphing
- Praxis Mathematics: Trigonometry
- Praxis Mathematics: Continuity
- Praxis Mathematics: Asymptotes
- Praxis Mathematics: Limits
- Praxis Mathematics: Derivatives
- Praxis Mathematics: Integrals
- Praxis Mathematics: Optimization and Differentiation
- Praxis Mathematics: Theorems
- Praxis Mathematics: Statistics
- Praxis Mathematics: Interpreting Statistics
- Praxis Mathematics: Understanding Logic
- Praxis Mathematics: Content Knowledge Flashcards