Copyright

Ch 27: Praxis Middle School Social Studies: Contributions from Early Civilizations

About This Chapter

Examine this chapter to review the history of early civilizations and how they impacted future societies. These lessons will help you prepare for the world history questions on the Praxis Middle School Social Studies exam.

Praxis Middle School Social Studies: Contributions from Early Civilizations - Chapter Summary

This chapter serves to develop your knowledge of world history. Use it as a valuable resource while you prepare for the Praxis Middle School Social Studies exam. It provides an overview of ancient civilizations and their lasting contributions to society. These lessons will describe the invention of cities, writing, and law, and also the following topics:

  • Forms of hierarchical structures
  • Development of irrigation and emphasis on food supplies in ancient civilizations near rivers
  • Role of rivers in civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • History of Mesopotamia and Mesopotamian kings
  • Walls, bronze, chariots, and other tools used to build empires
  • Nomadic pastoralists versus settled agriculturalists throughout history
  • Development of money and complex economies
  • Fertile Crescent and the birth of civilization
  • Impact of physical settings on civilizations

You can view these lessons as animated videos but you can also read their full transcriptions to make note of highlighted vocabulary terms. After you study each lesson, take the associated short self-assessment quiz to determine how well you comprehend what you reviewed and to see what you might need to study further.

13 Lessons in Chapter 27: Praxis Middle School Social Studies: Contributions from Early Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History

1. Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History

This lesson will explore society's need for hierarchies, as well as kinship as a basis of hierarchical structures. Various forms of hierarchy will be briefly explored and...spoiler alert...they all come back to kinship.

Major River Systems of Mesopotamia & Egypt

2. Major River Systems of Mesopotamia & Egypt

Without rivers, the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia might have never existed. Learn more about the role that the Nile River played in Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers played in Mesopotamia.

Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

3. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.

Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

4. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.

Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

5. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.

Walls, Roads & Bronze: Tools of Empire Creation

6. Walls, Roads & Bronze: Tools of Empire Creation

Learn some of the tools of the empire creation trade. In this video lesson, we'll explore the wall as a tough nut to be cracked, the strategic importance of roads and the advances made possible by bronze.

The Horse and Chariot: Tools of Empire Creation

7. The Horse and Chariot: Tools of Empire Creation

Horses were first used in warfare to pull chariots. Though horses were eventually ridden by cavalry, it was the chariot that first moved soldiers faster than man. In this lesson, you'll learn about the creation of the chariot, and its benefits during wartime.

Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?

8. Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?

This lecture examines the downsides and limits of settled agriculture and civilization. It then explores how 'civilized' forces are able to displace other systems. Horse people are introduced as a counterpoint to civilization and nomadic pastoralism as a successful alternative method of living. Finally it follows the conflict between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturalists throughout history.

The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies

9. The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies

This lecture covers the development of money in response to the needs of complex economies. It begins with a discussion of gift economies. It then examines the factors that led to the growth of commodity economies. Find out how we came to use money, rather than goods, for commerce.

The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

10. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

How Physical Settings Supported Early Civilizations

11. How Physical Settings Supported Early Civilizations

When determining where to build their first villages, people had to consider many factors. This lesson explores how physical environments affected where the first villages and cities were built.

Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

12. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.

How Writing Was Invented

13. How Writing Was Invented

Writing was literally an invention that not only changed history, but made its study possible. The Egyptians and the Mesopotamians were two of the first civilizations to invent writing. Learn how and why in this lesson!

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Praxis Middle School Social Studies (5089): Practice & Study Guide course

Support