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Ch 13: Praxis Middle School Social Studies: The Reconstruction Era

About This Chapter

Examine this chapter to review the story of the period of Reconstruction following the American Civil War. Studying these lessons will help you adequately prepare for the American history portion of the Praxis Middle School Social Studies exam.

Praxis Middle School Social Studies: The Reconstruction Era - Chapter Summary

This chapter will help you study for the Praxis Middle School Social Studies exam by developing your knowledge of American Reconstruction after the Civil War. These lessons will review the reconstruction goals of Presidents Lincoln and Johnson, as well as how events of the period impacted African Americans and southerners. Additional topics that will be addressed include:

  • Andrew Johnson's impeachment
  • Ulysses S. Grant's presidential election and career
  • Attempts at political equality through the adoption of the Reconstruction amendments
  • The Homestead Act, the fight for women's suffrage, and other events of America in the late 1800s
  • Westward expansion and the Indian Wars
  • Election of 1876 and Reconstruction's end
  • Overview of Reconstruction's goals, successes, and failures

Developed by an expert in American history, these lessons are presented in the form of brief videos accompanied by full transcripts. Consult the transcripts to take note of important terminology that is highlighted for your convenience. To test how well you know the information, you may take a short self-assessment quiz at the end of each lesson.

Praxis Middle School Social Studies: The Reconstruction Era - Chapter Objectives

The Praxis Middle School Social Studies exam is meant to assess your knowledge of the related subject for certification purposes. This exam, which is made up of selected-response and constructed-response questions, has approximately 22 questions about American history. The content of these lessons should provide you with the information necessary to answer any questions about the era of Reconstruction in American history the exam may pose. In addition to covering historical content that may appear on the exam, this chapter also presents you with opportunities to practice using your knowledge to answer history questions to prepare you for taking the exam.

11 Lessons in Chapter 13: Praxis Middle School Social Studies: The Reconstruction Era
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.

President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan

2. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan

When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress

3. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress

Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.

President Ulysses S. Grant: Election, Successes and Corruption

4. President Ulysses S. Grant: Election, Successes and Corruption

Ulysses S. Grant, the Union hero of the Civil War, was elected in 1868, the last U.S. president to have been a slave owner. Despite his popularity, the nation faced social, economic and political difficulties, and his administration was shrouded in corruption.

The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments

5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments

Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.

Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy

6. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy

The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.

Life in the South After the Civil War

7. Life in the South After the Civil War

Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.

Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage

8. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage

In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.

The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers

9. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers

As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.

The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876

10. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876

Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.

Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

11. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?

Chapter Practice Exam
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Other Chapters

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