About This Chapter
Pre-Civil War Slavery & the Sectional Crisis - Chapter Summary
This chapter examines the conflicts, figures and events at the heart of pre-Civil War slavery and the Sectional Crisis. The lessons also look at key movements, cultural thought, and literature of the time. Topics discussed include:
- Slavery in early America
- The Three-Fifths Compromise
- Henry Clay's role in the Missouri Compromise of 1820
- John C. Calhoun
- Regional conflict
- Uncle Tom's Cabin
- The abolitionist movement
- The case of Dred Scott v. Sandford
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1. Slavery in Early America: Characteristics & Opposition
The institution of slavery in early America was a source of both economic profits and divisive tensions. It began as a peculiar institution of colonial society and blossomed into a sectional issue that threatened to destroy the young United States.
2. The Three-Fifths Compromise: Definition & Summary
While drafting the Constitution, the Founding Fathers argued about how slavery and representation could coexist. Learn here why the Founders decided to allow some, but not all, slaves to count toward states' population.
3. Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820
In 1819, Missouri applied for statehood, threatening to tip the balance of senatorial power in favor of the slave states. Find out how Henry Clay resolved the matter for the next 30 years.
4. Who Was John C. Calhoun? - Biography, Facts & Significance
John C. Calhoun was a Senator from South Carolina, Secretary of State, Secretary of War, and Vice President of the United States. Calhoun was a leading voice for pro Southern policies in the 19th century.
5. Regional Conflict in America: Debate Over States' Rights
In this lesson, we will explore sectional tensions that emerged between the West, North, and South over land and tariffs, leading to confrontations in the Senate and a second nullification crisis.
6. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tension Over Slavery in the 1850s
Uncle Tom's Cabin captured the plight of slaves in the 1850s like no other book. The novel, coupled with the Missouri Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act, served to further strain the country, which was at a breaking point over the issue of slavery. This lesson details these events.
7. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery
The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.
8. Dred Scott v. Sanford: Case Summary & Decision
In this lesson, we will explore the famous Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court case. We will learn about the case's background, the court's findings, and the impact of this landmark decision.
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Other chapters within the TExES Social Studies 4-8 (118): Practice & Study Guide course
- Historical Foundations & Native Peoples
- European Colonization of the American Southwest
- Colonial Settlements & Battles in North America (1497-1732)
- Events Leading to the American Revolution (1700-1774)
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- U.S. Constitution, State Constitutions & Articles of Confederation
- America's First Presidents
- The War of 1812
- Texas Independence
- Manifest Destiny & Westward Expansion
- Westward Expansion & Native American Conflict
- Political & Military Leaders in the American Civil War
- Military Campaigns & Strategy in the American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- American Industrialization, Immigration & Migration
- Social Movements of the 19th & 20th Centuries
- The Great Depression
- World War I
- America & World War II
- Political & Social Change Post-WWII
- Foundations of US & Texas Geography
- Geography Tools
- Geography & the Environment
- Human and Cultural Migration
- Economic Foundations
- Legislation, Government & Economics
- Historical Origins of Government
- The United States Government
- Participation in the US Democratic Process
- Patriotism in the US & Texas
- US Culture, Technology & Society
- Religion and Religious Diversity
- Social Studies Foundations
- Teaching Social Science, History & Culture
- TExES Social Studies 4-8 Flashcards