About This Chapter
Prejudice and Discrimination in Society - Chapter Summary
Use the video lessons in this chapter to review the concepts of prejudice and discrimination. You may even learn something new about the history and impact of discrimination in society. Our instructors explain what racism is and guide you through theoretical perspectives on prejudice. You will also take a look at stereotype threat, sexism, social majorities and social minorities. Once you complete the chapter's materials you should be able to:
- Discuss major theories of prejudice
- Recognize differences among stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination
- Distinguish between race and ethnicity
- Understand the ABC Model
- Describe effects of interactions between social majorities and minorities
- Explain the difference between sex and gender
- Identify forms of sexism
- Discuss the relationship between attributions and stereotypes
- Give examples of stereotype threat
Developed and taught by professional instructors, our video and text lessons are short and entertaining. They include tags so that you go back and re-watch key points with ease. We provide lesson transcripts and, in many cases, these contain links to text lessons with additional information about major terminology. The self-assessment quizzes are in a multiple-choice format and offer an effective way to quickly check on your grasp of the material.
1. What Is Racism? - Definition, Examples & History
In this lesson, we will consider the meaning of the word 'racism.' We will define the word and look at how it has manifested itself throughout history by considering some examples.
2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
3. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
4. Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority
This lesson introduces concepts important to understanding race and ethnicity. First, a distinction is made between 'race' and 'ethnicity.' Next, the idea of a social minority is defined, along with distinction and subordination. Finally, U.S. trends regarding minority influence are outlined.
5. The ABC Model of Attitudes and Prejudice
How are attitudes formed? And what's the relationship between attitudes and behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the ABC Model of attitudes, how it relates to prejudice and behaviors, and how behaviors are linked to beliefs and feelings.
6. Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities
The world is a diverse place full of all sorts of people. In this lesson, we'll examine the effects of pluralism and what happens when people from different backgrounds interact, including segregation, genocide, assimilation, and miscegenation.
7. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
8. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.
9. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
10. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032): Practice & Study Guide course
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- Psychology Research Methods
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