About This Chapter
Prejudice and Discrimination - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors discuss all the dimensions of prejudice and discrimination. They define racism, giving examples and highlighting issues from history. The lessons describe theories of the origins of prejudice. Prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes are all defined and distinguished from one another.
You'll learn the ABC model of attitudes and prejudice and find out about self-perception theory and its role in prejudice and discrimination. As you continue with the chapter, you'll determine how self-serving attributions maintain stereotypes and prejudice. You'll review stereotype threat and see the relationship between stereotypes and automatic and controlled information processing. After you have completed the chapter, you should be able to:
- Outline the history of racism
- Discuss theories of prejudice and give examples
- Explain discrimination and stereotypes
- Distinguish race and ethnicity and social minority vs. social majority
- Describe interactions between social majorities and minorities
- Explain self-perception theory
Our approach involves brief, engaging video lessons that make learning the material easy. In addition, self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts come with each video lesson to deepen your comprehension. The important concepts are highlighted by our key terms in the transcripts for quick review. You can easily re-visit a section of any video by utilizing the jump feature in the timeline we provide that enables you to re-watch a section of a video without having to scroll through the entire lesson.
1. What Is Racism? - Definition, Examples & History
In this lesson, we will consider the meaning of the word 'racism.' We will define the word and look at how it has manifested itself throughout history by considering some examples.
2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
3. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
4. Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority
This lesson introduces concepts important to understanding race and ethnicity. First, a distinction is made between 'race' and 'ethnicity.' Next, the idea of a social minority is defined, along with distinction and subordination. Finally, U.S. trends regarding minority influence are outlined.
5. The ABC Model of Attitudes and Prejudice
How are attitudes formed? And what's the relationship between attitudes and behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the ABC Model of attitudes, how it relates to prejudice and behaviors, and how behaviors are linked to beliefs and feelings.
6. Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities
The world is a diverse place full of all sorts of people. In this lesson, we'll examine the effects of pluralism and what happens when people from different backgrounds interact, including segregation, genocide, assimilation, and miscegenation.
7. Self-Perception Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you ever felt confused about what you were feeling? Self-perception theory offers an explanation for what people do when they aren't sure what they feel. In this lesson, we'll look closer at self-perception theory and some studies that tell us more about how we decide what we're feeling.
8. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
9. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
10. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
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