Ch 3: Prenatal and Human Development

About This Chapter

Use our video lessons and quizzes to help you understand the phases of human development, from the prenatal environment to adulthood. Learn how human beings develop physically, mentally, and socially.

Prenatal and Human Development - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, instructors explain how human life develops in the prenatal environment and some potential hazards to healthy development. You'll be introduced to the impact of a mother's physical and emotional states on the prenatal environment.

You'll learn about: cognitive, social, and emotional development; physical development; and gender differences related to the nature vs nurture debate. Also discussed is the impact of both genetics and the environment on human development. When you've completed this chapter, you will have covered:

  • Prenatal development and care
  • Physical development in early and middle childhood
  • Physical, sexual, and mental development in adolescence
  • Physical and cognitive development in early and middle adulthood
  • Physical, sexual, and mental development in late adulthood

Use our video lessons to help you understand the developmental process. Professional instructors give you tools such as clickable keywords with links to text explanations, transcripts so you can read along, and bookmarks to the important points in the video to make your learning experience as easy as possible.

14 Lessons in Chapter 3: Prenatal and Human Development
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Prenatal Care: Nutrition

1. Prenatal Care: Nutrition

Does the saying 'You're now eating for two' mean that a pregnant women should double her caloric intake? What types of foods are needed during pregnancy? What about foods to avoid? Learn this and more in this lesson on prenatal nutrition.

Prenatal Care: Avoiding Drugs and Environmental Hazards

2. Prenatal Care: Avoiding Drugs and Environmental Hazards

Illicit drugs and environmental hazards all pose risks to the health and safety of all people. But they also pose a danger to an unborn child. This lesson will go over some major contaminants and drugs and how they can impact a baby in a mother exposed to them.

Prenatal Care: Physical Activity and Mental/Emotional Health

3. Prenatal Care: Physical Activity and Mental/Emotional Health

In this lesson, you'll learn about the importance of physical, mental, and emotional health during pregnancy and how they can impact a pregnant woman and the unborn child.

How Genetics and the Environment Interact in Human Development

4. How Genetics and the Environment Interact in Human Development

Everyone is different. But what makes a person unique? In this lesson, we'll examine the way genes and the environment affect who a person is, including looking at the nature vs. nurture debate and looking at how nature and nurture influence one another.

Physical Development in Early Childhood

5. Physical Development in Early Childhood

Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.

Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

6. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

As children grow and develop, so do threats to their health. From nutrition and childhood obesity to accidents, this lesson will explore the issues that face children in early childhood and what parents can do to deal with them.

Physical Development in Middle Childhood

7. Physical Development in Middle Childhood

Between the ages of seven and twelve, children physically grow and change in ways that influence every part of their lives. In this lesson, we'll look at the ways that physical and brain development impact emotional and intellectual abilities.

Physical Growth in Adolescence

8. Physical Growth in Adolescence

Adolescents go through many physical changes. Watch this lesson to find out some of the physical developments that happen during adolescence, including those related to puberty, growth spurts and gender differences in growth.

Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent

9. Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent

In this lesson, explore the changes that take place during puberty. You will meet Dick and Jane as they experience these changes, and you will be able to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.

Changes in Cognitive Development During Adolescence

10. Changes in Cognitive Development During Adolescence

Adolescence is a period of great change. Changes in the way teenagers think can cause them to do things like argue with adults. Watch this lesson for more information on the cognitive changes that occur in adolescence.

Physical Development and Health in Early Adulthood

11. Physical Development and Health in Early Adulthood

Despite the fact that most people are fully grown by early adulthood, it is still a time of physical development. In this lesson, we'll explore the physical and health issues that people in early adulthood experience.

Life Influences on Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood

12. Life Influences on Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood

Though adults don't physically grow as they age, they do still grow mentally. In this lesson, we'll look closer at cognitive development in adulthood, including how it is influenced by college and work experiences.

Physical Development in Middle Adulthood

13. Physical Development in Middle Adulthood

Middle age comes with many new physical challenges, from wrinkles to hearing loss to weight gain. This lesson examines many of the signs of aging that are common in middle adulthood and how people can fight middle age weight gain.

Cognitive Development in Adults

14. Cognitive Development in Adults

As people age, they discover that their thought processes change. Though some cognitive abilities decrease in middle age, some increase. In this lesson, we'll look at how executive functioning and wisdom increase in middle age.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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