About This Chapter
Prenatal Development Concepts - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Investigate the earliest stages in the human life cycle - those that take place before birth. In this chapter, instructors will explain the prenatal stages and how the brain develops through them. You will be introduced to the theories of growth and development that inform our current understanding of prenatal development and the relevant vocabulary associated with this topic. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the prenatal life support systems
- Differentiate among the three principles of growth
- Explain the stages of brain development
- Understand the effects of drug use, smoking, alcohol use, eating a high fat diet, and other common prenatal health hazards
- Understand what happens just before and just after fertilization
|Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes||Describe the processes of conception, fertilization, and ovulation.|
|Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period||Understand the importance of each of these developmental stages and be able to differentiate them.|
|Principles of Growth and Development||Understand cephalo-caudal, proximodistal, and orthogenetic growth.|
|Layers of the Embryo||Describe the different layers and know what they produce.|
|Prenatal Life Support Systems||Learn the functions of the placenta, umbilical cord, and amnion.|
|Prenatal Stages of Brain Development||Describe each of the stages of brain development.|
|The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development||Define 'prenatal environment' and 'teratogens;' recognize some common prenatal health hazards.|
|The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment||Recognize how maternal conditions can effect development.|
|Issues Related to Prenatal Development||Describe genetic counseling and assessment, as well as the effects of certain diseases during pregnancy.|
1. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes
Follow the female's egg as it leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube on its way to the uterus - all with hopes of meeting up with a male's sperm along the way.
2. Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period
In the 9 months before a baby is born, there is an enormous amount of prenatal development. In this lesson, you will explore the following stages of prenatal development: the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.
3. Principles of Growth and Development
Is there a pattern to how human growth and development takes place? This lesson will examine some universal principles of growth and development in order to help you find the answer to this question.
4. The Placenta and the Fetus: Structure and Function
Have you ever wondered how a baby eats before it's born or if babies go to the bathroom while still inside their mother? In this lesson, you will learn about the placenta and how it works to ensure a fetus stays well-nourished and healthy before birth.
5. The Amnion and the Umbilical Cord: Structure and Function
The prenatal environment is an important part of an embryo's development. Watch this lesson to find out more about the prenatal environment, including the importance of the amnion and umbilical cord and what they do.
6. Gastrulation and the 3 Germ Layers (Ectoderm, Endoderm & Mesoderm)
Gastrulation is a key process in embryonic development - it's how a simple ball of cells begins to grow into a fully functioning being! Watch this lesson to learn about a key process in the development of almost all multicellular organisms.
7. Prenatal Stages of Brain Development
The prenatal brain develops at an amazing speed. This lesson provides an overview of this brain development throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy and highlights key stages.
8. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
9. The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment
An unborn child and its mother are connected both physically and emotionally. Learn how prenatal development is affected by both the emotional and physical state of the mother in this lesson.
10. Prenatal Genetic Counseling and Assessment
When expecting a baby, many couples are concerned with the possibility of something being wrong with the baby's health. In this lesson, we'll explore genetic counseling, including who should consider it and what to expect.
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Other chapters within the DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Domains of Human Development
- Research Methods and the Study of Life Span Development
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- The Impact of Genetics in Human Development & Psychology
- Childbirth and Newborn Characteristics
- Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood
- Physical and Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood
- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence
- Psychosocial Development in Adolescence
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood
- Physical Development in Late Adulthood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
- Death and Dying: Stages and Psychological Impact
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology Flashcards