About This Chapter
Prenatal & Infant Development - Chapter Summary
How does the prenatal brain develop? What are the stages of language, cognitive and perceptual development of infants? These are examples of the type of material you will review when you use the video lessons in this chapter.
Explore each developmental stage of prenatal, perinatal, newborn and infant phases with examples and detailed term definitions. After finishing your review of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Note key stages of prenatal development, including brain development
- Describe potential hazards to the prenatal environment and the birth process
- Discuss the development and capabilities of newborns and infants
- Provide details about the perceptual and cognitive development of infants
- Detail the sensory and brain development of infants during the first two years of life
- Talk about the ways that children develop language and social skills
Video lessons provide an effective visual way that you can learn about these important developmental stages. Each lesson uses illustrations and examples to ensure your full understanding of each topic, and you can use self-assessment quizzes to confirm that you have mastered the material before moving on through the chapter. Lessons are accessible at all times, from any device, so study is self-paced and fits into any schedule.
1. Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period
In the 9 months before a baby is born, there is an enormous amount of prenatal development. In this lesson, you will explore the following stages of prenatal development: the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.
2. Prenatal Stages of Brain Development
The prenatal brain develops at an amazing speed. This lesson provides an overview of this brain development throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy and highlights key stages.
3. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
4. The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process
What does perinatal mean? What happens during the birth process? What are some things that can go wrong? You will find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!
5. The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones
Newborn growth and development is an amazing process! In this lesson, you will discover how babies learn, when they acquire certain abilities, and what reflexes they are born with.
6. Studying Infant Development in Psychology: Experiments, Instincts & Abilities
Watch babies brave heights at the insistence of their smiling mothers! You'll learn how instinct and attachment can help infants explore their environments through the visual cliff experiments.
7. Infant Perceptual Development and the Five Senses
What is habituation and how does it affect perceptual development in an infant? Learn the answer to this question and more as this lesson explores sensory development in infants.
8. Infant Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor Stage & Object Permanence
Jean Piaget's theory of development includes the sensorimotor stage, which happens in the first two years of life. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the important cognitive developments that occur during that stage.
9. Motor, Sensory & Brain Development in the First Two Years of Life
Babies grow and change so much in the first two years of life, and many of those changes are directly tied to the brain and its key functions. In this lesson, we'll look at brain, motor and sensory development in infants.
10. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
11. Social Development of Infants: Stages of Self and Temperament
When do infants start gaining self-awareness? We will explore the stages infants go through as they increase their knowledge of themselves. We will also look into the typical temperaments of infants.
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Other chapters within the NBCOT COTA Exam: Test Prep & Study Guide course
- Childhood & Adolescent Development
- Types of Development in Adults
- Understanding Atypical Development
- General Medical Conditions & Vocabulary
- Neurological Conditions
- Musculoskeletal Conditions
- Evaluations in Occupational Therapy
- Frames of Reference & Models in Occupational Therapy
- Developing OT Treatment Plans
- Advocating for OT Client & Community Needs
- Implementation of OT Treatment Plans
- Groups in Occupational Therapy
- Feeding & Eating Skills for Occupational Therapy
- Orthotic & Prosthetic Devices
- Using Assistive Technology
- Environmental Accessibility
- Professional Development in Occupational Therapy
- Laws & Regulations in Occupational Therapy
- Ethics & Safety in Occupational Therapy