About This Chapter
Prenatal, Infant & Early Childhood Development - Chapter Summary
Get reacquainted with the basics of prenatal, infant and early childhood development by exploring our entertaining lessons. This chapter helps you understand topics like the social development of infants, physical development in early childhood, child language development milestones and the prenatal stages of brain development. After finishing the lessons, you will be able to:
- Define and list the stages of prenatal development
- Share hazards that can impact healthy prenatal development
- Explain how a mother's emotional and physical state can impact the prenatal environment
- List the capabilities, growth and developmental milestones of the newborn
- Detail the perceptual and sensory development of infants
- Describe the motor, sensory and brain development of a child's first two years of life
- Identify and detail the six stages of cognitive development in infants
- Discuss the basics of gross and motor skill development in children
Enjoy a variety of ways to use the resources in this chapter as you examine prenatal, infant and early childhood development. Study the lessons your way by accessing them anytime using any computer or mobile device. Before, during or after reviewing the lessons, take accompanying lessons to test your knowledge of their contents. Use the Dashboard to check on your progress and submit questions about specific lesson topics to our subject-matter experts.
1. Prenatal Development & Psychology: Stages & Abnormal Development
How is prenatal development related to psychology? How are minds forming in the womb still linked to the outside environment? This lesson explores the stages of prenatal development and a mother's ability to affect her unborn child.
2. Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period
In the 9 months before a baby is born, there is an enormous amount of prenatal development. In this lesson, you will explore the following stages of prenatal development: the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.
3. Prenatal Stages of Brain Development
The prenatal brain develops at an amazing speed. This lesson provides an overview of this brain development throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy and highlights key stages.
4. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
5. The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment
An unborn child and its mother are connected both physically and emotionally. Learn how prenatal development is affected by both the emotional and physical state of the mother in this lesson.
6. The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones
Newborn growth and development is an amazing process! In this lesson, you will discover how babies learn, when they acquire certain abilities, and what reflexes they are born with.
7. Social Development of Infants: Stages of Self and Temperament
When do infants start gaining self-awareness? We will explore the stages infants go through as they increase their knowledge of themselves. We will also look into the typical temperaments of infants.
8. Infant Perceptual Development and the Five Senses
What is habituation and how does it affect perceptual development in an infant? Learn the answer to this question and more as this lesson explores sensory development in infants.
9. Motor, Sensory & Brain Development in the First Two Years of Life
Babies grow and change so much in the first two years of life, and many of those changes are directly tied to the brain and its key functions. In this lesson, we'll look at brain, motor and sensory development in infants.
10. Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods
There is no time like infancy - it is the first exposure people have to the world. According to Jean Piaget, there are six stages infants go through as they develop cognitively and learn to act in their environment.
11. Motor Skills Development in Children
From birth onwards, we grow in our motor skill abilities, whether through everyday activities or purposeful interactions. In this lesson, explore the journey of gross and fine motor skills acquisition!
12. Physical Development in Early Childhood
Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.
13. Child Language Development Milestones
A baby's first few years are paramount in the establishment of speech and language. Every parent wants to be sure their child is developing on point. In this lesson, you will learn the major child language development milestones that children should hit in the first six years of their lives.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTTC Speech & Language Impairment (057): Practice & Study Guide course
- Development in Middle Childhood & Adolescence
- Theories of Communication Development
- Atypical Development & Delays
- Linguistic Features of English
- Principles of Phonetics
- Understanding the Speech Mechanism
- The Ear & Its Functions
- Speech Impairments Overview
- Language Impairments Overview
- Neurological, Neuromuscular & Structural Impairments
- Overview of Hearing Impairments
- Speech & Language Assessment Overview
- Assessing Student Hearing
- Utilizing Individualized Education Plans (IEPs)
- Intervention Strategies for Students with Communication Impairments
- Teaching Students with Disabilities & Special Needs
- Communication for SPED Teachers
- Cultural Sensitivity in the SPED Classroom
- Legal Considerations for Students with Special Needs
- Assistive Technology in the SPED Classroom
- Research on Communication Disorders
- MTTC Speech & Language Impairment Flashcards