About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in Prentice Hall's Covalent Bonding chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the covalent bonding topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the chemistry topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Determining molecular formulas with atoms and ions
- Electron shells and the octet rule
- Lewis dot structures and the VSEPR theory
- Molecular orbital theory
- Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds
- Orbital hybridization
- Strong intermolecular forces and London dispersion force
- Hydrogen bonding
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1. Using Atoms and Ions to Determine Molecular Formulas
In this lesson, you will learn how atoms and ions determine molecular formulas. You will understand how molecular formulas tell information about the type and quantity of atoms involved in a molecule. Lastly, we will discuss how to write a molecular formula for an ionic compound.
2. Covalent Bonding and Electron Shells: Definitions, Relationship & the Octet Rule
Learn about the different electron shells of atoms as well as the octet rule for valence electrons and how that applies to covalent bonding. Discover the definition of covalent bonding and the relationships between atoms.
3. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds
Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.
4. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions
This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.
5. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance
In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.
6. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams
Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.
7. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes
In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.
8. Orbital Hybridization: Definition & Explanation
This lesson explains orbital hybridization of elements on the periodic table. Understanding of hybridization will allow you to predict how many bonds atoms can make.
9. Polar and Nonpolar Covalent Bonds: Definitions and Examples
Did you know that some types of chemical bonds behave similarly to the way that children play with toys? In this lesson, you will learn about two types of bonds called polar and nonpolar covalent bonds.
10. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces
Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.
11. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces
Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.
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Other chapters within the Prentice Hall Chemistry: Online Textbook Help course
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 1: Introduction to Chemistry
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 2: Matter and Change
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 3: Scientific Measurement
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 4: Atomic Structure
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 5: Electrons in Atoms
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 6: The Periodic Table
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 7: Ionic and Metallic Bonding
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 9: Chemical Names and Formulas
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 10: Chemical Quantities
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 11: Chemical Reactions
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 12: Stoichiometry
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 13: States of Matter
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 14: The Behavior of Gases
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 15: Water and Aqueous Systems
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 16: Solutions
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 17: Thermochemistry
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 18: Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 19: Acids, Bases and Salts
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 20: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 21: Electrochemistry
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 22: Hydrocarbon Compounds
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 23: Functional Groups
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 24: The Chemistry of Life
- Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 25: Nuclear Chemistry