About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in Prentice Hall Earth Science Origin of Modern Astronomy chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the origin of modern astronomy topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Geocentric, heliocentric and Ptolemaic models of the Universe
- The Copernican Revolution
- Tycho Brahe's contribution to astronomy
- Kepler's Three Laws of Planetary Motion
- Galileo, the telescope and the Church
- Sir Isaac Newton and astronomy
- The Earth-moon-sun system
- Formation of the moon theories
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1. Geocentric, Heliocentric & Ptolemaic Models of the Universe
This lesson will lay out for you how ancient Greek philosophers came up with their models of the universe,. We'll also look at who Ptolemy was and what he contributed, and whether or not the Greeks were correct.
2. The Copernican Revolution
This lesson will discuss a famous astronomer by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus, his early history, his revolutionary idea, and why his model of the universe was actually wrong.
3. Tycho Brahe's Contribution to Astronomy
There was a man who did not believe Ptolemy's version of the universe nor did he believe in Copernicus's views on the universe. Who was this daring man? He was Tycho Brahe. We'll learn about him in this lesson.
4. Kepler's Three Laws of Planetary Motion
Find out about the interesting life and major contributions of Johannes Kepler. This lesson will also teach you how to find out how long it takes a planet to revolve around the sun!
5. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church
This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.
6. Sir Isaac Newton And Astronomy
This lesson will teach you about Newton's laws of motion and universal gravitation as well as why the moon doesn't fly off into space and why it doesn't crash into the Earth.
7. How Earth & the Sun Affect the Phases of the Moon
This lesson will describe how the moon, Earth, and sun combine to form the phases of the moon. We'll also discuss the important concept of synchronous rotation.
8. Moon Phases: Names & Sequence
This lesson will go over the phases of the moon. The full moon, new moon, waxing, waning, and gibbous phases and the order in which they occur and what they look like are discussed.
9. What is Precession?
You've probably heard of the term precession. But what is this really? And what significance does it have to our night sky? This lesson will explain what it is and what it causes.
10. What Is a Solar Eclipse?
This lesson will describe what a solar eclipse is, why it's possible, when a partial or a total one will occur, and what cool effects occur during one.
11. Lunar Eclipse: Definition & Types
This lesson will teach you about the lunar eclipse. You'll learn the difference between a penumbral, partial, and total lunar eclipse, and see what totality means with respect to a total lunar eclipse.
12. Annular Eclipse: The Changing Size of the Moon
This lesson will explain what an annular eclipse is and why it occurs with respect to the sizes of the Moon, the Sun, and the position of the Moon during its orbit.
13. Motion of the Moon: Sidereal Month vs. Synodic Month
This lesson will teach you about the sidereal month and synodic month, how long they are, and how they are measured with respect to the stars and sun.
14. The Cycle of the Seasons in Astronomy
This lesson will explain to you why the Earth has different seasons, what the equinoxes and solstices are, their names, and if the distance the Earth is from the Sun influences the seasons.
15. Lunar Geology: Types of Moon Rocks
This lesson will discuss the layers of the Moon's interior, the dark and light colored areas of the Moon's surface, the Moon's craters, and how moon dust has formed over the ages.
16. Formation of the Moon: Theories
Explore the four major theories on the formation of the Moon. The theories include the fission theory, capture theory, condensation theory and giant impact theory. Also look at both information supporting and flaws found in these theories.
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Other chapters within the Prentice Hall Earth Science: Online Textbook Help course
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 1: Introduction to Earth Science
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 2: Minerals
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3: Rocks
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 5: Weathering, Soil, and Mass Movements
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 6: Running Water and Groundwater
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 7: Glaciers, Deserts, and Wind
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 8: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 10: Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12: Geologic Time
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 13: Earth's History
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 14: The Ocean Floor
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15: Ocean Water and Ocean Life
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 16: The Dynamic Ocean
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 17: The Atmosphere: Structure and Temperature
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 18: Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 19: Air Pressure and Wind
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 20: Weather Patterns and Severe Storms
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 21: Climate
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 24: Studying the Sun
- Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 25: Beyond Our Solar System