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Students will Learn:
- Scientific innovations and discoveries of the Enlightenment
- Competing views of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
- Enlightenment themes of individualism, skepticism and reason
- Enlightened despots in France, Russia, Austria and Prussia
- America's enlightenment period
- Power of the British monarchy
- Great Britain's reforms in the 1700s
- American Revolution causes and turning points
- Sons of Liberty, Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party
- Treaty of Paris and effects of the American Revolution
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1. Science During the Enlightenment Period: Innovations, Discoveries & Major Figures
In this lesson, we will learn about the Scientific Revolution that preceded the Enlightenment. We will highlight the major themes, innovations, discoveries, and figures associated with this revolution in science.
2. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
3. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Philosophy and Legacy
In this lesson, we will learn about a famous philosopher named Jean-Jacques Rousseau. We will understand the specific views he advanced and identify his contributions to the field of philosophy.
5. Major Themes of the Enlightenment: Reason, Individualism & Skepticism
In this lesson, we will identify the major themes associated with the Enlightenment. We will also explore the major figures and learn about their contributions. We will understand the lasting impact of the Enlightenment by putting it in historical context.
6. Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson we explore the term 'Enlightened Despotism' and how it pertains to the domestic politics of several 18th-century Western and Central European nations.
7. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.
8. The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution
For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule.
9. The History and Power of the British Monarchy
In this lesson, we will explore the history of the British monarchy from its early days to modern times. We will pay special attention to the ways in which the monarch's power has changed throughout the centuries.
10. Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact
In this lesson we explore the political developments of eighteenth-century Britain, from the formation and union of Great Britain to the political reforms and ideologies of Edmund Burke and William Pitt the Younger.
11. Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points
In this lesson, we explore the causes and the initial battles of the American Revolution, from the end of the French and Indian War up until the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776.
12. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
13. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
14. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
15. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris
After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.
16. Effects of the American Revolution: Summary & History
In this lesson we explore the effects of the American Revolution, which were felt not just in Great Britain and North America, but across the Western world.
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- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 14: World War I & Its Aftermath (1914-1919)
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- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 19: The World Since 1945 - An Overview (1945-Present)
- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 20: Europe & North America (1945-Present)
- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 21: East Asia & Southeast Asia (1945-Present)
- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 22: South Asia & the Middle East (1945-Present)
- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 23: Africa (1945-Present)
- Prentice Hall World History Chapter 24: Latin America (1945-Present)
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