About This Chapter
Principles of Language Acquisition & Development for ESL - Chapter Summary
In this engaging chapter, our instructors present the principles of language acquisition and development as they're used for ESL students. Topics covered here include the definition, theories and stages of language acquisition, as well as the study of language development in children. You'll also review the stages of language development, some of the characteristics of communication and speech disorders and code switching within a classroom. This chapter is designed to help you:
- Detail how children acquire a second language and how it differs from first language acquisition
- Differentiate between social and academic language acquisition
- Identify ELL proficiency levels
- Define cognitive academic language proficiency
- Explain how metacognitive skills are used in second language learning
- Understand how categories can be used to learn the rules associated with a second language
- Describe the educational techniques used in rote memorization
- Give the definitions and effects of language transfer and interlanguage
Review these topics at your own pace as your work on a challenging assignment or prepare for an important exam. All of our lessons are mobile-friendly and accessible 24 hours a day, so you can study at any time that you'd like from anywhere with Internet service. Before or after reviewing the lessons, take the short quizzes to check your understanding.
1. What Is Language Acquisition? - Theories & Stages
How do non-speaking infants become vocal toddlers? Is learning language a natural event, or are we taught how to speak from those around us? Read on to discover theories on how we develop language and learn to communicate.
2. Linguistics: Language Development in Children
How does a baby's babble turn into intelligible speech? Are there underlining innate traits that drive language development in children? Or is it the social interaction with others that encourages language development? This lesson will explore these questions and discuss how aspects of language change over time.
3. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
4. Characteristics of Speech Sound Errors: Speech & Communication Disorders
In this lesson, we explore speech sound disorders, which include articulation deficits, phonological process disorder and fluency disorder. Also learn the characteristics of each of these disorders.
5. Second Language Acquisition in Children
This lesson explains the stages passed through on the road toward second language acquisition. It specifically focuses on children who are considered sequential second language learners.
6. First Language vs. Second Language Acquisition
As an ESL teaching candidate, knowing the similarities and differences between first language vs. second language acquisition is very important. This topic can be a basis for many teaching approaches. Let's review similarities and differences.
7. Social & Academic Language Acquisition: Differences & Characteristics
All languages have a set of words that we use for social purposes and another set we use in academic contexts. This lesson overviews the differences between the two and explores the characteristics of beginner, intermediate, and advanced learners.
8. What Are the ELL Proficiency Levels?
This lesson describes the standard ELL proficiency levels and provides examples for each level. Additionally, the American State system and various internationally recognized systems are also discussed.
9. Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
In this lesson, you'll learn about cognitive academic language proficiency, how it affects student learning, and what can be done to improve student outcomes. An example is provided and a short quiz follows.
10. Metacognitive Skills Used in Learning a Second Language
Metacognitive skills are essential to the acquisition of a second language. In this lesson, we will explain how metacognition is used to enhance learning in the classroom.
11. Using Categories to Learn the Rules of a Second Language
In this lesson, you'll learn about one way to break second language teaching into categories in order to help students focus on and internalize the rules of the language they are learning.
12. Rote Memorization in Education: Definition & Techniques
In this lesson, learn what rote memorization is. Also, discover the different memorization techniques you can use in your classroom as well as examples of each.
13. Language Transfer: Definition, Types & Effects
This lesson defines and describes language transfer and differentiates between positive and negative transfer. It also describes how language transfer affects learners' ability to acquire a second language.
14. Interlanguage: Definition, Formation & Effects
This lesson describes the four characteristics of interlanguage and the five factors in the interlanguage process, along with an example for each factor. It explains the process of fossilization and the importance of interlanguage to L2 teachers.
15. Code Switching in the Classroom
In this lesson, we will examine code switching: what it is, how we use it, and how we can practice using it in the classroom in order to reach out to students and speak their language.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTEL English as a Second Language (54): Practice & Study Guide course
- The Foundation of Language
- Influences on Language Development for ESL Students
- Instructional Approaches in ESL for Massachusetts Teachers
- Diversity in ESL Students
- Oral Language Instruction for ESL Students
- Reading Development & Skills
- Reading Instruction for ESL Students
- Writing Instruction for ESL Students
- Content Area Learning for ESL Students
- Assessments for ESL Students
- Timed Essay Writing
- MTEL English as a Second Language Flashcards