About This Chapter
Principles of Language & Communication - Chapter Summary
Our comprehensive chapter outlines the principles of language and communication through a series of short video lessons. Topics covered in these lessons include language, language regions and the different dialects in these regions. This chapter is designed to help you achieve the following:
- Explain how the world's major languages were developed
- Outline the invention of writing
- Detail the history of the alphabet from cuneiform to Greek writing
- Discuss the letters and symbols of the world's major written languages
- Define social and linguistic variation as it applies to sociolinguistics
- Identify the purposes and processes of descriptive linguistics
These learning tools make studying enjoyable and interesting. After each lesson, you'll find a short, multiple-choice quiz to test your comprehension. It's easy to go back and watch just one portion of a video lesson using the video tabs feature in the Timeline. If you'd like to study offline, the printable lesson transcripts in this chapter make handy study guides.
1. Language & Language Regions: Definitions & Dialects
Do you know what lolly water is? How about gym boots? In this lesson, you'll consider how word choices, accent and pronunciation are all part of our use of language and how this varies by region.
2. The World's Major Languages: Development & Diffusion
Can you guess the most widely spoken languages in the world? This lesson will explore the evolution of languages and how linguists aim to understand them.
3. The Invention of Writing
Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Finally, it explains how writing enabled literate societies to dominate their pre-literate neighbors.
4. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
5. The World's Major Written Languages: Letters & Symbols
In this lesson, we explore how written language is expressed in different areas of the world. You'll see examples of other languages that operate with their own characteristics to document information important to that culture.
6. Understanding Sociolinguistics: Social and Linguistic Variation
This lesson will seek to explain the study of sociolinguistics and the concept of ethnography. It will highlight the variations that region, class, relationship, and gender cause in language.
7. What Is Descriptive Linguistics? - Purpose & Process
This lesson will seek to explain the field of descriptive linguistics. In doing so, it will highlight the terms phonology, morphology, and syntax while discussing examples from around the globe.
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Other chapters within the DSST General Anthropology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Fundamental Concepts in Anthropology
- Anthropological Perspectives
- Influences on Gender, Race & Culture
- Physical Anthropology Fundamentals
- Basic Principles in Archaeology
- Cultural Systems & Processes
- Principles of Social Organization
- Economic & Political Organization
- Fundamentals of Religious Studies
- Modernization & the Future of Anthropology
- About the DSST Tests