About This Chapter
Principles of Learning - Chapter Summary
This chapter goes over several core principles within the psychological study of learning. The included lessons flesh out the approaches of relevant therapies while exploring related terms and theories. Topics discussed include insight learning, the influence of fitness on learning, scheduling reinforcement, and all of the following:
- Discovery learning and representation
- Observational learning
- Classical and operant conditioning
- Methods of evidence-based intervention in education
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Differentiating between behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist perspectives
- Commonly used behavioral treatments
- Kinesthetic intelligence
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1. Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation
This lesson explores Jerome Bruner's theory of development, his three modes of representation, and his beliefs on learning, language, and discovery. It will also differentiate Bruner's views of learning compared to Jean Piaget's views.
2. Insight Learning - Wolfgang Kohler: Theory, Definition & Examples
Insight learning is a theory of learning first put forth by Wolfgang Kohler about 90 years ago. Learn about the development and definition of this theory and then test your knowledge with a short quiz.
3. Observational Learning: Definition, Theory & Examples
Observational learning goes on around us everyday. In this lesson, you will learn to identify the four steps in observational learning by examining a normal event. Test your understanding with the short quiz at the end.
4. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
5. What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy? - Definition & Explanation
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a short-term approach to treatment in which a client and therapist work together to identify and restructure the client's negative thoughts. The key tenet is that our thoughts influence our behaviors and feelings.
6. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives
How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.
7. Common Behavioral Treatments: Classical Conditioning and Desensitization
When someone is suffering from a psychological disorder, they have many options as far as treatment goes. In this lesson, we'll look at aspects of behavioral therapy, including conditioning, counterconditioning, and desensitization.
8. Kinesthetic Intelligence: Definition & Explanation
What do Florence Griffith-Joyner, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Britney Spears all have in common? They all have bodily/kinesthetic intelligence. Learn more about bodily/kinesthetic intelligence from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
9. How Fitness Influences Learning
This lesson provides a quick overview of how fitness and a little exercise before testing can improve children's learning process. We get down to the scientific reason and look at a few case studies to understand how it works.
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