About This Chapter
Principles of Phonetics - Chapter Summary
This chapter is designed to help you build your knowledge of phonetics principles. You will review stages of phonological development and discover how phonetics can be applied as teaching methods.
Additionally, this chapter offers you the opportunity to review information about consonants, vowel sounds and consonant classification charts. After you complete a thorough study of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Define and provide examples of phonology
- List phonological skills and stages of development
- Explain details about consonants, vowels and syllables
- Identify key terms in a consonant classification chart
- Describe teaching methods and rules relating to short and long vowel sounds, and provide detailed information about R-controlled vowels
- Discuss vowel diagraphs and describe how to help students read them correctly
- Differentiate between phonemic and phonological awareness
- Talk about the use of phonics as a teaching method and describe activities and strategies teachers can use to employ it in the classroom
You need only ten minutes or less to review each lesson, which are presented in either video or text formats. Access these lessons at any time, from any device, and contact instructors with your lesson-specific questions using a short online form. Measure your progress as you move from lesson to lesson by taking short self-assessment quizzes covering each topic addressed in this chapter.
1. Phonology: Definition, Rules & Examples
All languages follow a specific set of rules that determine how we sound when speaking. The study of these rules is called phonology. This lesson will introduce you to phonology and provide several examples of phonological processes.
2. Phonological Development in Children: Stages & Overview
In this lesson you'll learn all about how children develop the ability to turn basic units of sound into actual language. We'll cover the major phonological skills and the stages of development. Following the lesson is a short quiz.
3. Understanding Consonants, Vowels & Syllables: Types, Structure & Activities
After watching this video lesson, you will learn how vowels and consonants come together to form syllables. You will also learn how you can teach this part of our language to your students.
4. Key Terms in a Consonant Classification Chart
Classification charts can be a valuable tool, but only if they are understood. In this lesson, teachers will learn about the key terms in a consonant classification chart.
5. Teaching Short & Long Vowel Sounds
Part of learning to read is learning to distinguish sounds from one another. In this lesson, you will learn how to teach students the different sounds that vowels can make in English. You will also review some rules about how to know when the vowels make certain sounds.
6. What Are R-Controlled Vowels?
When a word contains a vowel immediately followed by an 'r,' it is said to be r-controlled and is pronounced unlike long or short vowels. Teaching children about r-controlled vowels may help them learn reading and spelling.
7. Vowel Digraphs: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines vowel digraphs, introduces common digraphs of English, and presents common digraphs in a chart alongside example words. The lesson also introduces several basic teaching techniques for helping learners read vowel digraphs correctly.
8. Phonemic & Phonological Awareness: Definitions & Activities
Phonics, phonemic awareness, and phonological awareness may all sound really similar, but they are all different yet important skills required for successful reading. Watch this lesson to find out about each one and how to develop them.
9. Teaching Phonics in the Classroom
In this lesson, you will work toward being able to explain phonics as a teaching method, understanding the connection between phonics and phonological awareness, and understanding some activities and strategies to help with teaching phonics.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Speech & Language Impairment (057): Practice & Study Guide course
- Prenatal, Infant & Early Childhood Development
- Development in Middle Childhood & Adolescence
- Theories of Communication Development
- Atypical Development & Delays
- Linguistic Features of English
- Understanding the Speech Mechanism
- The Ear & Its Functions
- Speech Impairments Overview
- Language Impairments Overview
- Neurological, Neuromuscular & Structural Impairments
- Overview of Hearing Impairments
- Speech & Language Assessment Overview
- Assessing Student Hearing
- Utilizing Individualized Education Plans (IEPs)
- Intervention Strategies for Students with Communication Impairments
- Teaching Students with Disabilities & Special Needs
- Communication for SPED Teachers
- Cultural Sensitivity in the SPED Classroom
- Legal Considerations for Students with Special Needs
- Assistive Technology in the SPED Classroom
- Research on Communication Disorders
- MTTC Speech & Language Impairment Flashcards