About This Chapter
Processes of Earth's Surface - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Follow along as instructors explore the inner layers of the Earth using information gathered from earthquakes and volcanoes. Find out how data from S waves, P waves and magma can be used to build a model of the Earth. You'll be introduced to physical and chemical weathering and how these activities change and break down landforms. These video lessons will teach you about the factors that influence groundwater movement and the different phases of the water cycle. In this chapter, you'll also have the opportunity to study solar power and find out how scientists use seismic waves to study earthquakes. After watching all the video lessons in this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify coastal erosion effects on shoreline features
- Describe types of volcanic hazards
- Discuss active and passive continental margins
- Explain precipitation, condensation and evaporation
- Define deposition and explain its effects on landforms and shorelines
The instructors who teach the lessons on the processes of the Earth's surface are professionals and experts in their field. They lead short, engaging video lessons that include entertaining graphics and emphasis on key terms that are critical to this area of study. After you watch the video lessons, you'll be able to take the quizzes that accompany each lesson to test your knowledge of the subject matter. You can also refer back to important points in the lessons using the video tags provided. A lesson transcript is also available for each video.
1. Effect of Erosion and Deposition on Landforms
Landforms are constantly being broken down and reformed by the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition. In this lesson, we explore chemical and physical weathering and how the face of the earth gets changed.
2. Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Evidence of Earth's Inner Layers
The interior layers of the earth are not able to be observed directly, so scientists need to rely on other information to learn about it. S waves, P waves, and magma from volcanoes and earthquakes give a glimpse at the layers of the earth by providing data that can be built into a model of the earth.
3. The Effects of Coastal Erosion on Shoreline Features
Shorelines constantly change due to the pounding of waves that erode coastal structures. Learn about shoreline features that are formed through coastal erosion, such as wave-cut cliffs, wave-cut platforms, sea arches and sea stacks.
4. The Effects of Deposition on Shoreline Features
Shorelines constantly change due to the depositing of sand and sediment, which is a process known as deposition. Learn about shoreline features that are created by deposition, such as spits, baymouth bars, tombolos and barrier islands.
5. The Causes of Earthquakes
In this video lesson you will learn what causes earthquakes and where they occur. You will also understand the theory of elastic rebound, and how this relates to movement of the earth's crust.
6. Aftershocks & Foreshocks of an Earthquake
An earthquake is not an isolated event of ground shaking. Foreshocks and aftershocks occur with most earthquakes, and in this video lesson you will learn about them and how they are part of the overall process.
7. Destruction Caused by Earthquakes
Earthquakes are well-known for their damage and destruction, and in this video lesson you will learn about the different types of damage that these dangerous natural disasters can cause.
8. Identifying and Understanding Earthquakes Using Seismic Activity
Scientists can learn a lot about earthquakes by studying how they move ground. Using seismic activity, we can learn where an earthquake originated as well as how strong it was. In this video lesson, you will learn about seismic activity and how it relates to our understanding of earthquakes.
9. Active & Passive Continental Margins
Continental margins are areas that separate the continental crust and oceanic crust. Discover the differences between the tectonically active continental margins and the relatively quiet passive continental margins.
10. The Water Cycle: Precipitation, Condensation, and Evaporation
This lesson discusses the processes water takes as it moves around the Earth in the water cycle. You'll get an in-depth look at condensation, precipitation, and evaporation.
11. How Evaporation & Transpiration Contribute to the Hydrologic Cycle
Evaporation and transpiration are important components of the water cycle, and while they are the same process they arise from different sources. In this video lesson you will learn about these two parts of the cycle and how they contribute to the overall movement of water on Earth.
12. What is Solar Power? - Uses, Advantages & Disadvantages
The sun provides us with a constant energy source. In this video lesson, you'll learn how we can harness solar power from the sun. We'll also take a look at the pros and cons of this renewable energy resource.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the FTCE Earth & Space Science 6-12 (008): Test Practice & Study Guide course
- Scientific Research & Analysis for Earth and Space Science
- Scientific Models & Tools for Earth and Space Science
- Earth Science Research & Society
- Science Laboratory Safety
- Understanding Earth's Spheres & Internal Structure
- Rocks & Minerals
- The Lithosphere
- Geological Time
- Overview of Energy Resources
- Effects of Humans on the Environment
- Ocean & Coastal Processes
- The Atmosphere
- Weather and Storms
- Climate Phenomena
- Astronomical Objects & Processes
- Space Exploration
- FTCE Earth & Space Science 6-12 Flashcards