About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college earth science material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:
- Have fallen behind in understanding properties of matter or describing the nature of elements.
- Need an efficient way to learn about the properties of matter.
- Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
- Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
- Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
- Missed class time and need to catch up.
- Can't access extra science learning resources at school.
How it works:
- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
- Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Properties of Matter chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Properties of Matter chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How are atomic and mass numbers determined?
- How do elements form the basis of compounds and elements?
- What are the chemical and physical properties of matter?
- What are the four different states of matter?
- What occurs during a phase change?
- How do chemical and nuclear reactions occur?
- How do half-life measurements work?
- What happens during the carbon and nitrogen cycles?
1. What Are Elements?
Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.
2. Atomic Number and Mass Number
Atoms are the basic building blocks of everything around you. In order to really understand how atoms combine to form molecules, it's necessary to be familiar with their structure. In this lesson, we'll dissect atoms so we can see just what really goes into those little building blocks of matter.
3. How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements
Did you know that elements are like people and have different personalities? A few elements are very shy and love to be left alone. Others are very social and prefer to hang out with friends. In this lesson we will discuss how elements build molecules and compounds.
4. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
5. States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases, & Plasma
Learn the four states of matter in the universe: solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Learn about the differences in shape and volume among the four states, which of the states is the most common and why plasma conducts electricity.
6. Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition
Substances on Earth can exist in one of four phases, but mostly, they exist in one of three: solid, liquid or gas. Learn the six changes of phase: freezing, melting, condensation, vaporization, sublimation and deposition.
7. Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change
This lesson covers the five common types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion. You will learn how to predict what kind of chemical reaction will occur. You'll also explore how matter is conserved, but energy can change.
8. Nuclear Reaction: Definition & Examples
Learn the differences between a nuclear reaction and a chemical reaction. Also learn how the nuclear reaction involves subatomic particles including protons and neutrons. Discover the different types of nuclear reactions including fission and fusion and also how a nuclear power plant works to produce energy.
9. Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs
What causes a radioactive particle to decay? We'll never really know, but our best guess lies in probability. In this lesson, we are going to focus on the half-life, a way of measuring the probability that a particle will react.
10. Cycles of Matter: The Nitrogen Cycle and the Carbon Cycle
Matter is constantly cycled between living and nonliving parts of the environment. Processes like photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation allow the carbon and nitrogen cycles to regenerate needed substances by recycling Earth's atoms.
11. What is a Substance? - Definition, Types & Examples
Chemistry is the study of matter, which can be classified into two categories: substances and mixtures. In this lesson, we will define the term 'substance' and discuss types of substances and specific examples in more detail.
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Other chapters within the College Earth Science: Help and Review course
- Earth Science Basics: Help and Review
- Geologic Time: Help and Review
- Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure: Help and Review
- Plate Tectonics: Help and Review
- Minerals and Rocks: Help and Review
- Igneous Rocks: Help and Review
- Volcanoes: Help and Review
- Weathering and Erosion: Help and Review
- Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look: Help and Review
- Metamorphic Rocks - A Deeper Look: Help and Review
- Rock Deformation and Mountain Building: Help and Review
- Water Balance: Help and Review
- Running Water: Help and Review
- Ground Water: Help and Review
- Glaciers: Help and Review
- Oceans: Help and Review
- Coastal Hazards: Help and Review
- The Atmosphere: Help and Review
- Weather and Storms: Help and Review
- Earthquakes: Help and Review
- Earth History: Help and Review
- Energy Resources: Help and Review