About This Chapter
Properties of Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary
Organic compounds are vital for the existence of life. The lessons in this chapter will help you to understand what they are and how they are studied. You will learn about the properties of organic compounds and how they are classified by scientists. The theories and formulas used to study them will also be explained. They will cover how functional groups are used when speaking about organic compounds. After completing these lessons, you should know how to:
- Define hydrocarbons
- Explain what simple organic compounds are
- Identify different examples of organic molecules
- Discuss the principles of the vital force theory
- List the physical and chemical properties of different organic compounds
- Explain how organic compounds are classified and grouped
- Identify and use empirical formulas relating to organic compounds
These lessons were created by a professional instructor to convey key information in quick, easily digestible segments. Once you have completed the lesson itself, an interactive quiz helps you to measure what you have learned. If you would like to review any point again the Timeline of your account lets you jump back.
1. What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds.
2. What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples
We are going to learn about some of the simple organic compounds that exist in our world. This lesson covers the types, groups and general formulas of simple organic compounds.
3. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
4. Vital Force Theory: Definition & Principles
There have been several scientific theories throughout the centuries, many of which were proven false. One of these theories was the vital force theory, which we will learn about in this lesson.
5. Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds
What do combustion, halogenation, and the addition reaction have in common? They are all examples of chemical properties of organic compounds. Continue reading to learn about the chemical properties of organic compounds, identifying the most common ones.
6. Physical Properties of Organic Compounds
A wide variety of organic compounds exist. The ability to learn about a compound by knowing its physical property is very useful. Explore what a physical property is and the different types for organic compounds.
7. Chemical Nomenclature for Organic Compounds
In this lesson, we will learn how to name organic compounds using chemical nomenclature. We will learn how knowing the name of a compound also helps us know the structure of the compound.
8. Classification of Organic Compounds
This lesson discusses the classification of organic compounds including hydrocarbons, open chain molecules, closed chain compounds, homocyclic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, aromatic molecules, alicyclic compounds, and homologous series.
9. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
10. Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula
The amino group is one of several nitrogen-containing functional groups found in organic molecules. We'll start with a review of the structure of ammonia and then look at the structure and formulas of different kinds of amines.
11. Haloalkanes & Haloarenes: Classification, Preparation & Properties
Haloalkanes and haloarenes contain halogens. In this lesson, we will learn what they are and some properties of them. We will also learn some methods to prepare them.
12. Estimation of Organic Compounds
The learning objective of this lesson will be how to estimate the relative amounts of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, the halogens, sulfur, and phosphorus within an organic compound.
13. Empirical Formula: Definition, Steps & Examples
Ever wondered how we know the formula of a chemical compound? In this lesson, we will learn how to determine the empirical formula and the steps in calculating it.
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Other chapters within the VCE Chemistry: Exam Prep & Study Guide course
- Steps of the Scientific Method
- Designing Scientific Experiments
- Procedures of Scientific Investigation
- Lab & Science Safety
- Drawing Conclusions & Communicating Scientific Ideas
- Atoms & Atomic Structure
- Understanding Elements & Periodicity
- Block & Group Elements
- Metals in Chemistry
- Ionic Compounds
- Quantifying Atoms
- Materials From Molecules
- Carbon Lattices & Nanomaterials
- Polymer Basics
- Elements in the Universe
- Alchemy, Chemistry & the Periodic Table
- Lanthanoids & Actinoids
- Using Light to Solve Chemical Puzzles
- Properties of Glass
- Crude Oil & the Environment
- Polymers, Composite Materials & Nanomaterials
- Properties of Water in Chemistry
- Acid-Base Reactions
- Redox Reactions
- Water Sample Analysis
- Measurement of Solubility & Concentration
- Analysis for Salts in Water
- Organic Compounds in Water
- Acids & Bases in Water
- Fuel Choices
- Energy From Fuels
- Fuel Cells & Galvanic Cells
- Rate & Extent of Chemical Changes
- Production of Chemicals by Electrolysis
- Analyzing Organic Compounds
- Key Food Molecules
- Metabolism in the Human Body
- VCE Chemistry Flashcards