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Ch 14: Properties of Organic Compounds

About This Chapter

This chapter helps you prepare to discuss and explore organic compounds in class or on an exam. These lessons quickly cover the most important material, moving from the basics to more advanced chemical subjects.

Properties of Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary

Organic compounds are vital for the existence of life. The lessons in this chapter will help you to understand what they are and how they are studied. You will learn about the properties of organic compounds and how they are classified by scientists. The theories and formulas used to study them will also be explained. They will cover how functional groups are used when speaking about organic compounds. After completing these lessons, you should know how to:

  • Define hydrocarbons
  • Explain what simple organic compounds are
  • Identify different examples of organic molecules
  • Discuss the principles of the vital force theory
  • List the physical and chemical properties of different organic compounds
  • Explain how organic compounds are classified and grouped
  • Identify and use empirical formulas relating to organic compounds

These lessons were created by a professional instructor to convey key information in quick, easily digestible segments. Once you have completed the lesson itself, an interactive quiz helps you to measure what you have learned. If you would like to review any point again the Timeline of your account lets you jump back.

13 Lessons in Chapter 14: Properties of Organic Compounds
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds

1. What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds

True to its name, a hydrocarbon is a compound made up of only carbon and hydrogen. This lesson reveals how hydrocarbons are made and discusses the different types of hydrocarbons, including aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons.

What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples

2. What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples

Organic compounds are one of the most important features on earth. Learn what simple organic compounds in chemistry are, including their types and groups, such as alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, and review examples of these carbon-based molecules.

Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

3. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

Organic molecules are comprised of carbon atoms that are covalently bonded with other atoms, such as hydrogen. Learn about organic molecules, the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules, and how carbon and hydrogen can form different combinations of molecules.

Vital Force Theory: Definition & Principles

4. Vital Force Theory: Definition & Principles

Vital force theory suggested that organic matter could only be created by organisms making organic compounds from non-organic ones. Explore the definition and principles of vital force theory and learn how this theory was disputed.

Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds

5. Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds

Organic compounds possess chemical properties that determine their behaviors during and after chemical changes. Explore the chemical properties of three functional groups differing in chemical properties: alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.

Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

6. Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

Learn about the physical properties of organic compounds. Discover the characteristics of their melting points, boiling points, solubility, odor, and density. Finally, explore some examples of these properties.

Chemical Nomenclature for Organic Compounds

7. Chemical Nomenclature for Organic Compounds

In this lesson, we will learn how to name organic compounds using chemical nomenclature. We will learn how knowing the name of a compound also helps us know the structure of the compound.

Classification of Organic Compounds

8. Classification of Organic Compounds

Organic compounds are those containing carbon and hydrogen amongst other atoms and are classified in different ways. Learn about homocyclic vs heterocyclic, aromatic vs alicyclic compounds, and the homologous series.

Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

9. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

Organic molecules have functional groups that determine their classification. Explore the functional groups of organic molecules, including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids, and esters, and discover the characteristics and formulas that apply to each group.

Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula

10. Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula

An amino group is an organic group of molecules that consists of nitrogen atoms attached by single bonds to hydrogen or carbon. Learn how to define an amino group, explore its connections to ammonia, and discover the structures and formulas of amines.

Haloalkanes & Haloarenes: Classification, Preparation & Properties

11. Haloalkanes & Haloarenes: Classification, Preparation & Properties

Haloalkane carbons and haloarene compounds are formed by reactions, though the process is not easy. Look into the classification, preparation, and properties of these organic compounds.

Estimation of Organic Compounds

12. Estimation of Organic Compounds

The learning objective of this lesson will be how to estimate the relative amounts of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, the halogens, sulfur, and phosphorus within an organic compound.

Empirical Formula: Definition, Steps & Examples

13. Empirical Formula: Definition, Steps & Examples

The empirical formula of a compound is the simplest whole number ratio of each type of atom in a compound. Learn more about the definitions, steps and examples found in calcluating empirical formulas.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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