Ch 14: Properties of Organic Compounds

About This Chapter

This chapter helps you prepare to discuss and explore organic compounds in class or on an exam. These lessons quickly cover the most important material, moving from the basics to more advanced chemical subjects.

Properties of Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary

Organic compounds are vital for the existence of life. The lessons in this chapter will help you to understand what they are and how they are studied. You will learn about the properties of organic compounds and how they are classified by scientists. The theories and formulas used to study them will also be explained. They will cover how functional groups are used when speaking about organic compounds. After completing these lessons, you should know how to:

  • Define hydrocarbons
  • Explain what simple organic compounds are
  • Identify different examples of organic molecules
  • Discuss the principles of the vital force theory
  • List the physical and chemical properties of different organic compounds
  • Explain how organic compounds are classified and grouped
  • Identify and use empirical formulas relating to organic compounds

These lessons were created by a professional instructor to convey key information in quick, easily digestible segments. Once you have completed the lesson itself, an interactive quiz helps you to measure what you have learned. If you would like to review any point again the Timeline of your account lets you jump back.

13 Lessons in Chapter 14: Properties of Organic Compounds
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds

1. What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds

Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds.

What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples

2. What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples

We are going to learn about some of the simple organic compounds that exist in our world. This lesson covers the types, groups and general formulas of simple organic compounds.

Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

3. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.

Vital Force Theory: Definition & Principles

4. Vital Force Theory: Definition & Principles

There have been several scientific theories throughout the centuries, many of which were proven false. One of these theories was the vital force theory, which we will learn about in this lesson.

Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds

5. Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds

What do combustion, halogenation, and the addition reaction have in common? They are all examples of chemical properties of organic compounds. Continue reading to learn about the chemical properties of organic compounds, identifying the most common ones.

Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

6. Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

A wide variety of organic compounds exist. The ability to learn about a compound by knowing its physical property is very useful. Explore what a physical property is and the different types for organic compounds.

Chemical Nomenclature for Organic Compounds

7. Chemical Nomenclature for Organic Compounds

In this lesson, we will learn how to name organic compounds using chemical nomenclature. We will learn how knowing the name of a compound also helps us know the structure of the compound.

Classification of Organic Compounds

8. Classification of Organic Compounds

This lesson discusses the classification of organic compounds including hydrocarbons, open chain molecules, closed chain compounds, homocyclic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, aromatic molecules, alicyclic compounds, and homologous series.

Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

9. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.

Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula

10. Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula

The amino group is one of several nitrogen-containing functional groups found in organic molecules. We'll start with a review of the structure of ammonia and then look at the structure and formulas of different kinds of amines.

Haloalkanes & Haloarenes: Classification, Preparation & Properties

11. Haloalkanes & Haloarenes: Classification, Preparation & Properties

Haloalkanes and haloarenes contain halogens. In this lesson, we will learn what they are and some properties of them. We will also learn some methods to prepare them.

Estimation of Organic Compounds

12. Estimation of Organic Compounds

The learning objective of this lesson will be how to estimate the relative amounts of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, the halogens, sulfur, and phosphorus within an organic compound.

Empirical Formula: Definition, Steps & Examples

13. Empirical Formula: Definition, Steps & Examples

Ever wondered how we know the formula of a chemical compound? In this lesson, we will learn how to determine the empirical formula and the steps in calculating it.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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